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Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Stefan Weisgerber
 

Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Stefan Weisgerber

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Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Stefan Weisgerber Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Stefan Weisgerber Presentation Transcript

  • DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. Standardization of Document Exchange Formats within ISO Berlin 6 – Open Access Conference Düsseldorf, 2008-11-12 Dr. Stefan Weisgerber DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. Head of Technical Department 3 Fundamental Technology – Information Technology – Machine and Plant Elements – Materials – Materials Testing
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
  • Introduction The Scientific Information Market : a matter of trust
    • Reliability
    • Authenticity
    • Availability
    • Accessibility
  • Introduction
    • Reliability
    • Authenticity
    • Availability
    • Accessibility
    Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Domitori The Ancient Library of Alexandria
  • Introduction Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Domitori
    • The Rosetta Stone
      • ... an early document description format
  • Introduction
    • Digital world
    • ease and speed of access to information increased by orders of magnitude
    • new communication culture
    • new ways of publishing
    • vision of Open Access
    The internet and its contents reestablish the vision of the Ancient Library of Alexandria – but no papyrus, no stone
  • Introduction Digital world: increasing complexity and degree of interconnection Interoperability becoming a key factor - in space and in time
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
  • International Standards Create Trust
    • International Standards adhere to strict rules of procedure and maintenance
    • Decision making based on consensus principle
    • All stakeholders can raise their voice – no changes that are just in the interest of single parties
    • A document coded in compliance with an International Standard will be accessible also far beyond shutdown of the last PC
  • The PDF Case
    • International Standards as basis for sustained use of a wide-spread technology
    • 1993 Adobe Systems develops PDF as a platform independent description format for digital documents
    • The format is proprietary, but documentation is made available by Adobe
    • Increasing use of PDF in many areas
    • Starting 2001 ISO Standards on PDF/X: Application of PDF in pre-press – more efficient exchange of setting copies
    • 2005 ISO Standard on PDF/A: Application of PDF for long-time archiving – ensuring completeness and integrity of documentation presentation for the future
    • 2007 Abobe Systems proposes PDF to become an ISO Standard
    • 2008 ISO Standard on PDF/E: Application of PDF for technical documentation
    • 2008 PDF 1.7 released as International Standard ISO 32000
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
    • … provide a reference framework and a universal language for suppliers and customers
    • … facilitate trade and technology transfer
    • … ensure technical compatibility
    • … provide a scientific basis for legislation in the health, safety and environment sectors
    • … ensure that trade agreements can be successfully implemented
    • … are a source of technical know-how
    Objective Source: ISO Secretary General Alan Bryden, 2004 International Standards for the global market …
      • No preferential status for domestic products
      • No trade barriers as a result of national standards
      • Adoption of relevant International Standards
      • Participation of national delegations
      • Avoid duplication of work
      • National consensus-building
      • Consistency in standards
      • Publication of work programmes
      • Public review procedures (at least 2 months)
      • Appropriate consideration of comments submitted
    Principles World Trade Organization (WTO) – Standards Codex
  • DIN As Part Of The International Standardization Structure ISO International Organization for Standardization ITU International Telecommunication Union World Standards Cooperation CEN European Committee for Standardization CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization ETSI European Institute für Tele- communications Standards IEC International Electrotechnical Commission DIN, AFNOR, BSI, ANSI, JISC ... NSBs (DE) (FR) (GB) (US) (JP) USA 270 SDOs with ANSI accreditation ASTM NEMA API ASME SAE IEEE WSC
  • Proposal Stage Preparatory Stage Committee Stage Enquiry Stage Approval Stage Publication Stage From proposal ( NP ) to approval of a new standards project From approval of a standards project to adoption for registration as a committee draft From committee draft ( CD , possibly several) to adoption for enquiry (draft international standard) From adoption for enquiry (Draft International Standard ( DIS or CDV )) to approval of final draft From approval of final draft ( FDIS ) to adoption as International Standard From adoption as International Standard to publication as ISO, IEC oder ISO/IEC Standard ZN4-2/5 Fast track Development of an International Standard Fast track
  • Involvement in European and International Standards Committees Mirror Committee Technical Committee Working Group Delegates Experts DIN ISO CEN One vote per country
  • DIN is a registered non-profit association supported by the private sector. On the basis of a contractual agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany, DIN is the responsible German standards body in European and international standards work. DIN German Institute for Standardization
  • DIN functions as a " round table " – and increasingly as an electronic platform – where stakeholders can develop modern consensus-based standards suited to market needs DIN organizes the entire standardization process at national level and German participation in European and international standards work DIN Is A Service Provider
  • Communication Project management Document administration Parallel processing Workflow management Scheduling Consensus building ... For The Standardization Process
  • Democratic legitimation of standardization depends on the involvement of all stakeholders Standardization Industry SMEs Consumers Experts Test institutes Businesses The State Commerce Research Trades Standardization In Joint Responsibility
    •  www.beuth.de
    Obtaining Standards from Beuth – DIN‘s Publishing House
    •  www.beuth.de – www.mybeuth.de
    • Search among more than 200,000 technical rules and publications:
    • DIN Standards (DIN, DIN EN, DIN EN ISO etc.)
    • ISO Standards
    • VDI Guidelines
    • DVS Instruction sheets, AD 2000 Codes and other German technical rules
    • ON (Austria)
    • SNV (Switzerland)
    • ASTM (USA)
    • ASME (USA)
    • IEEE (USA)
    • AFNOR (France)
    • BSI (United Kingdom)
    • JSA (Japan)
    • Publications (books, loose-leaf compilations, CD ROMs etc.)
    •  Order online or download documents directly
    Finding The Right Standard
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
  • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 29500 – History in brief
    • Governments, companies, institutions: Long-term accessibility of electronic documents requires fully documented, standardardized document formats
    • Emphatic requirement to software manufacturers to provide such formats
    • End 2006: Open Document Format (ODF) released as ISO/IEC 26300 (after JTC 1 PAS procedure, submitter: OASIS) Focus: XML *) based, lean format Proponents: Sun, IBM, Novell et al.
    • End 2006: ECMA-376 Office Open XML (OOXML) submitted to ISO/IEC JTC 1 as Fast Track Proposal – processed as ISO/IEC DIS **) 29500 Focus: XML based, full backward compatibility to Microsoft Office formats Proponent: Microsoft
    • Nov. 2008: ISO/IEC 29500 to be released after controversial discussions
    *) eXtensible Markup Language **) Draft International Standard
  • And Now?
    • Two International Standards for office documents
    • Overlapping, but not identical scope
    • Maintenance of ISO/IEC 26300 (ODF) currently with OASIS – under discussion
    • New WG *) created within ISO to handle maintenance of ISO/IEC 29500 (OOXML)
    • Additional WG **) created to handle document interoperability
    • Based on initiative from Germany
    • Current project: translation between ODF and OOXML – Technical Report under way
    *) ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 4 **) ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 5
  • Agenda
    • Introduction
    • How International Standardization helps maintaining accessibility of information
    • A bit of standardization theory
    • ISO/IEC 26300 and ISO/IEC DIS 25900
    • Outlook
  • Outlook
    • The good message
      • The dominant office document formats are codified as International Standards
    • The drop of bitterness
      • There are two, not one
    • The opportunity
      • Widely used formats under public control
      • Clearly defined interoperability frame or full convergence
      • The users to decide on take-up of the best format
  • Dr. rer. nat. Stefan Weisgerber Head of Technical Department 3 Fundamental Technology Information Technology Machine and Plant Elements Materials Materials Testing DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. Burggrafenstraße 6 10787 Berlin www.din.de Phone: 030-2601-2244 Fax: 030-2601-1835 Mobile: 0160-97270136 Thank you! [email_address] DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V.