Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Gene D. SprousePresentation Transcript
Open Access at the American Physical Society, Past Present and Future Prof. Gene D. Sprouse Distinguished Prof. of Physics, Stony Brook Univ. and Editor in Chief, American Physical Society
Dr. Alison Loudon, Editor, PRB with one month’s APS journals Physical Review Letters Rev. Mod. Phys. Phys. Rev. E Phys. Rev. D Phys. Rev. C Phys. Rev. B Phys. Rev. A + 3 online free journals
The American Physical Society is the largest publisher of physics articles
We have 10 publications: all are Open Access
Physical Review A,B,C, D, E
Physical Review Letters( >22 Nobel Prize articles)
Reviews of Modern Physics( Impact Factor=38.4)
Physical Review Special Topics, Accel. and Beams
Physical Review Special Topics, Phys. Educ. Res.
Physical Review Special Topics – Accelerators and Beams, our First GOLD Open Access Journal is 10 years old!!
PRST-AB is supported by a consortium of accelerator laboratories that make “voluntary” contributions each year to support the journal
Because the community is small, and since the donor institutions are listed, it is noticed if one of them doesn’t contribute
Contributing Institutions to PRST-AB
* Argonne National Laboratory
* Brookhaven National Laboratory
* The Cockcroft Institute
* Cornell University Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics
* Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)
* EPAC '08
* European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
* Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
* Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI)
* INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud
* INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati
* INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro
* Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
* Los Alamos National Laboratory
* National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University
* Oak Ridge National Laboratory
* Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
* Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
* Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
* TRIUMF - Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics
Expenses and Contributions to PRST-AB Thanks to S. Mele and J. Vigen
APS allows authors to post our version of their article on the author’s or the author’s institution’s web site, immediately on publication
APS allows author’s final manuscript (with corrections from peer review) to be posted on preprint servers (arXiv, or NIH server).
NEW! APS allows authors to reuse up to 50% of their article in “derivative works” for which they then own copyright, and can publish on sites such as Quantiki, Wikipedia, etc.
APS is run by physicists to benefit the physics community. APS has been a leader in Open Access publishing
APS allows anyone-the author, her institution, her rich uncle,..., to make any article freely available for a fee.
For $975 any Physical Review article can be made freely available on the internet
For $1300 any Physical Review Letter can be made freely available on the internet
APS Editors and Staff +140 More!!!
APS publications have yearly expenses of~$30M!!
~50 full time professional editors with PhD’s+100 support staff to manage peer review
Conversion to archival XML, which can be repurposed for other applications
Preserving the content for future generations
APS is not-for-profit, but we are also not-for-loss!
The subscription model works well for us.
Why has the arXiv not hurt our subscriptions?
Our version of the paper is definitive
Not all PRD papers(97%) are on the arXiv. Libraries must subscribe to gain full access to every paper
Institutions support the peer review process
Our journals are the cheapest, last to cut
Physicists support the APS
APS and SCOAP 3 ( Mele in Plenary 3 )
The goal of the APS “advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics”, aligns well with the SCOAP3 project.
The APS continues to consider new paradigms for the distribution of the knowledge of physics, and is open to the SCOAP3 initiative, provided that it does not harm our journals.
Would SCOAP3 harm our journals?
Not if it works. The model allows for fair compensation for the work that APS does in managing the peer review process and other costs of journal production.
Yes if it does not work. Subscriptions, once lost would be very difficult to recapture. Libraries are under great pressure to cut journals, and bringing one back would be almost unheard of.
Will SCOAP3 Work?
The basis of SCOAP3 is that High Energy Physics institutions should support the HEP journals. In the US, this is currently not the case. 47% of Phys Rev D revenue comes from small institutions not involved in research.
Once the journals are made “ Free Access ” (they are already “ Open Access ” on the arXiv) their support is by “ voluntary contributions ” with no consequence for an individual institution if they do not pay.
APS has a responsibility to publish good physics in all fields
To be able to continue to do this, we must remain financially viable
Any Open Access Initiatives must be:
Sustainable: the long term prospects for support must be strong
Reversible: In case the OA initiative is not successful, we need to be able to revert to subscriptions
If these conditions are met, APS will consider making content available “Free to Read” on our site
Our newest publication highlights the best of our articles in all APS journals, with expert commentary and introductions at a level that non-experts can understand
Because we have a strong subscription base, we offer Physics for free, as a service to the physics community
Take a look! http://physics.aps.org
Other New initiatives at APS
Authors with Asian names can have their characters in the byline
Access to blind scientists
We have started a new APS award to Recognize “Outstanding Referees”
APS has database of 50,000 referees, going back 20 years, with data on timeliness, quality and number of reports!
Lifetime Award similar to “APS Fellow”
Inaugural year 2008 has 534 awardees*
Will add 130 each year
From 289 institutions in 33 countries, 40% not US.
APS is working to develop a pathway to make content accessible to blind scientists
APS is working to find new ways to “advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics”
All of our content is either Open Access or Free Access
Our exemplary copyright agreement now allows “derivative works”.
We have made a lot of our content “Free to Read”:
Nobel Prize papers
“ Milestone Letters” in Physical Review Letters
target articles of “Physics”.
Soon to come-LHC experimental papers
The subscription model works for us, while “author pays”, which we tried (page charges) was not successful. Perhaps the environment has changed, and we should reconsider.
The incentive for “author pays” is to raise the acceptance rate, which has happened for PLOS and BioMed Central, by adding less selective journals to support the operation.
In the internet age, there is lots of information-- blogs, articles, wikis, etc. Validation of information by Peer Review administered by a Society publisher continues to have value.