Decoupling Content Management

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Presentation from DrupalCon Munich 2012

Presentation from DrupalCon Munich 2012

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  • 1. Au g 22 nd 20 12Decoupling Content Management with Create.js and PHPCR
  • 2. Henri Bergius Director of R&D Nemein Berlin @bergie bergie.iki.fi
  • 3. "The Midgard Project is born." Launching our first Open Source CMS effort bergie.iki.fi, April 25th 1998
  • 4. Your CMS is a monolith Content Management System Database File System
  • 5. "We like the user interface, but our  IT doesnt want to run PHP"
  • 6. "We wanted to have a .Net CMS,  but our users hate the UI"
  • 7. "Marketing wants this CMS, but  we cant develop our app on it"
  • 8. Decoupling Content Management Monolithic approach Decoupled approach Web Editing Tool Content Management System Web FrameworkDatabase File System Content Repository
  • 9. Clean separation of concerns Web Editing Tool Tools that user needs to create, manipulate, and publish content Web Framework Rendering and serving content and handling business logic Content Repository Data storage and retrieval. Access controls, validations, full-text search
  • 10. Semantic CMS Community www.iks-project.eu
  • 11. decoupledcms.org
  • 12. Create.js Create.js is a comprehensive web editing  interface for Content Management Systems. It is designed to provide a modern, fully browser­ based HTML5 environment for managing  content. Create can be adapted to work on  almost any content management backend. 
  • 13. “Build a CMS, no forms allowed”
  • 14. http://hallojs.org & http://github.com/bergie/blogsiple
  • 15. http://aloha-editor.org
  • 16. Manage Collections Content can be added to any collections
  • 17. Image handling
  • 18. Tagging and annotations http://szabyg.github.com/annotate.js/
  • 19. Never lose content
  • 20. Symfony CMF
  • 21. OpenCms
  • 22. Drupal
  • 23. Drupal
  • 24. Drupal
  • 25. Create.js for Drupaldrupal.org/project/create
  • 26. Interfacing with Create.js Web Editing Tool HTML+RDFa JSON-LD over REST Web Framework
  • 27. RDFa: Your Content, Explained
  • 28. RDFa: Your Content, Explained
  • 29. Suddenly JavaScript can understand
  • 30. Bonus: SEO
  • 31. JSON-LD
  • 32. "Our recommendation at this time is to make  JSON­LD our primary supported web services data format. It is quite flexible, and supports the  self­discovery capabilities that we want to  support." Drupal WSCCI Web Services Format Sprint Report http://groups.drupal.org/node/237443
  • 33. Framework for Semantic Interaction - viejs.org
  • 34. Create.js and PHP● CreatePHP Generate RDFa annotations from your content model https://github.com/flack/createphp● Drupal Create Drupal 7 integration of Create.js http://drupal.org/project/create● LiipVieBundle Symfony2 integration of Create.js https://github.com/liip/LiipVieBundle
  • 35. PHPCRThe PHP Content Repository is an adaption of the Java Content Repository (JCR) standard, an open API specification defined in JSR­283. The API defines how to handle hierarchical  semi­structured data in a consistent way. 
  • 36. PHPCR is a collection of interfaces
  • 37. PHPCR is a collection of tests
  • 38. Same API, multiple repositories● Jackalope ● Midgard2 – Apache Jackrabbit: – GObject-oriented Java-based repository repository library server, accessible accessible through through WebDAV PHP extension – Doctrine DBAL: pure- – Python, JavaScript, PHP repository library Java, ...● jackalope.github.com ● midgard-project.org/phpcr
  • 39. "Developers write against a single APIImplementations can be chosen based  on deployment needs"
  • 40. Repository capabilities● Tree access ● XML import and● Access by UUID export● Workspaces ● Permissions● Versioning ● Capability discovery● Multi-value properties ● Observation● Queries: SQL2, QOM ● Locking & Transactions
  • 41. “Simple stuff should be easy, but complex stuff should still be possible”
  • 42. PHPCR
  • 43. In PHPCR, all content is stored in a tree of nodes Nodes have a name, a type, and a set of properties Nodes can also have child nodes
  • 44. Connecting to a repository: Jackrabbit● Start Jackrabbit: $ java -jar jackrabbit-standalone-2.4.1.jar● Connect to repository:
  • 45. This is the only repository-specific part
  • 46. Working with the tree
  • 47. About Node types● Node types determine what properties and what kind of child nodes a node can have● Some built-in types: nt:file, nt:folder, nt:resource, nt:unstructured● Node types can be amended with “mixin” types, like mix:lastModified, mix:language● Most repositories allow you to define your own types● Recommendation: Start with nt:unstructured, add more strict definitions when you know your data model
  • 48. Queries: SQL2
  • 49. Queries: Query Object Model
  • 50. Versioning: enable
  • 51. Versioning: commit
  • 52. Versioning: restore
  • 53. Export and import
  • 54. Export and import
  • 55. Your decoupled CMS Create.js Drupal PHPCR
  • 56. Decoupling means collaboration
  • 57. Questions? @bergie createjs.org hallojs.org viejs.org phpcr.github.com iks-project.eu