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WHAT IS TEXT? TEXT IS LINGUISTIC UNITS WHICH IS FUNCTIONAL IN
LINGUISTIC UNITS ARE :1. SOUND2. MORPHEME3.4. WORD GROUP 5. PHRASE6. CLAUSE7. SENTENCE8. PARAGRAPAH FUNCTIONAL :DOING SOMETHING MEANINGFUL, FULL OF MEANING, EXPRESSING MEANING, HAVING MEANING, CONVEY MEANING.
CONTEXT : “CO + TEXT”“CO” MEANS: „TOGETHER‟ „ACCOMPANY‟ „IN THE VICINITY‟LINGUSTIC CONTEXT IS a co-text (internal), dependon the linguistic unit which comes before or after onein question.EX. GREENShe‟s wearing „green‟ hat (green= color)John is „green‟, he is not to do the work well (green=inexperience, less experience)The fruit is „green‟. Do not eat it! (green= unripe, notgood for consumed)
Social Context (external context)This context is context which is not in the text.It consists of: context of situation Field: the subject matter (what) Tenor: who to who Mode: how culture Ideology
Ex. „bunga‟= more definitions What term. In biology, economics, etc. Ex. “operation” Tenor: (who to who speaks)We hold an operation tommorow. Doctor= medical operation General staff= military campaign, attack Peg. Bulog= to check the price in the marketMode:----)meaningSeriouslyPlayfullyHumorouslySpoken/written
Linguistic Philosophy: No identic words exactly in this worl, if the meaning isthe same, one will not exist.Analogy: a=b a+1=b+1 Ex. Duit≠ uang Mata uang≠ mata duit Menteri keuangan≠ menteri duit uang≠duit
Semiotics Theory of semiotics as the basic of discourse Semiotics is the study of sign and meaning. Language has sign (text or oral) and meaning. „meaning‟ coded byexpression Meaning‟‟realized expression Traffic light „stop‟red light „caution‟amber light „ pass on‟ green light