Discourse analysis

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  • 1. Note taking
  • 2. WHAT IS TEXT? TEXT IS LINGUISTIC UNITS WHICH IS FUNCTIONAL IN
  • 3. LINGUISTIC UNITS ARE :1. SOUND2. MORPHEME3.4. WORD GROUP 5. PHRASE6. CLAUSE7. SENTENCE8. PARAGRAPAH FUNCTIONAL :DOING SOMETHING MEANINGFUL, FULL OF MEANING, EXPRESSING MEANING, HAVING MEANING, CONVEY MEANING.
  • 4. CONTEXT : “CO + TEXT”“CO” MEANS: „TOGETHER‟ „ACCOMPANY‟ „IN THE VICINITY‟LINGUSTIC CONTEXT IS a co-text (internal), dependon the linguistic unit which comes before or after onein question.EX. GREENShe‟s wearing „green‟ hat (green= color)John is „green‟, he is not to do the work well (green=inexperience, less experience)The fruit is „green‟. Do not eat it! (green= unripe, notgood for consumed)
  • 5.  Social Context (external context)This context is context which is not in the text.It consists of: context of situation   Field: the subject matter (what)  Tenor: who to who  Mode: how culture Ideology
  • 6.  Ex. „bunga‟= more definitions What term. In biology, economics, etc. Ex. “operation” Tenor: (who to who speaks)We hold an operation tommorow. Doctor= medical operation General staff= military campaign, attack Peg. Bulog= to check the price in the marketMode:----)meaningSeriouslyPlayfullyHumorouslySpoken/written
  • 7.  Linguistic Philosophy: No identic words exactly in this worl, if the meaning isthe same, one will not exist.Analogy: a=b a+1=b+1 Ex. Duit≠ uang Mata uang≠ mata duit Menteri keuangan≠ menteri duit  uang≠duit
  • 8. Semiotics  Theory of semiotics as the basic of discourse Semiotics is the study of sign and meaning. Language has sign (text or oral) and meaning. „meaning‟ coded byexpression Meaning‟‟realized expression  Traffic light „stop‟red light „caution‟amber light „ pass on‟ green light