UNIT 1:   You and Your Health! How do you evaluate your health? It cannot be measured by a graph scale or chart… it’s a co...
Defining HEALTH  Page 4 <ul><li>Taking a snap-shot of your health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you look? </li></ul></ul><...
Elements of your Health… <ul><li>Physical Health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being physically “healthy” (not sick); the way the...
The Health Continuum:  Page 7 <ul><li>Wellness- an overall state of well-being, or total health. </li></ul><ul><li>Achievi...
Promoting Your Health… <ul><li>Recent discoveries in medicines and advances in technology have helped wipeout many of the ...
Lifestyle Factors…  Page 8 <ul><li>Lifestyle Factors- personal behaviors and habits related to the way a person lives, tha...
Wellness and Prevention… <ul><li>Prevention- practicing healthy habits to keep a person well and free from disease and oth...
Being Health Literate…  Page 10 <ul><li>Health Literacy- an individual’s capacity to obtain, interpret, and understand bas...
Influences on Your Health… <ul><li>Heredity- all the traits and properties that are passed along biologically from BOTH pa...
Environment Cont. <ul><li>Physical Environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are their parks or recreation facilities near your h...
Behavior…  Page 15 <ul><li>The way you choose to act within your environment and with inherited abilities has a very impor...
Taking Responsibility… <ul><li>Risk Factors- actions or behaviors that represent a potential health threat. </li></ul><ul>...
Cumulative Risks…  Page 19   <ul><li>These are risks that increase gradually and may add up to a total greater than expect...
Taking Responsibility… <ul><li>A reckless driver risks his/her life, the people in the car with him/her, as well as the ot...
Building Health Skills…  Page 28 <ul><li>Health Skills- specific tools and strategies that lead to better and more informe...
Refusal Skills <ul><li>Refusal Skills- techniques that can help you refuse when you are urged to take part in unsafe or un...
Mental/Emotional  Health Skills…  Page 30 <ul><li>Building Self-esteem: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem- the confidence ...
Total Health Skills… <ul><li>Accessing Reliable Information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can you tell what to believe and wh...
Making Decisions  and Setting Goals…  Page 34 <ul><li>Making Responsible Decisions:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1- State t...
Setting Goals…  Page 36 <ul><li>Goal- something you aim for that takes planning and work. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of Goals...
Goal Setting Plan…  Page 38 <ul><li>Select a goal to work on. </li></ul><ul><li>List what you will do to reach the goal. <...
Goals and Action Plan… <ul><li>Action Plan- a multi-step strategy for identifying and achieving goals. </li></ul><ul><li>R...
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Unit1 Health Book

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Unit1 Health Book

  1. 1. UNIT 1: You and Your Health! How do you evaluate your health? It cannot be measured by a graph scale or chart… it’s a concept that touches every aspect of your life!
  2. 2. Defining HEALTH Page 4 <ul><li>Taking a snap-shot of your health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you look? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you feel? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you tired? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you getting along with others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about yesterday? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you eat well… what about breakfast? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health- the combination of your physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elements of your Health… <ul><li>Physical Health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being physically “healthy” (not sick); the way the parts and systems of your body work together. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining it is easy- proper nutrition, regular physical activity, and plenty of sleep. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental/Emotional Health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings about yourself and ability to express them; see mistakes as opportunities to learn, grow, and change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This helps people avoid dwelling on negative thoughts, and use positive actions to move them through challenges. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Well-being: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How you get along with others; being able to make and keep friends, and showing respect and care for yourself and others. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Health Continuum: Page 7 <ul><li>Wellness- an overall state of well-being, or total health. </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving wellness is an ongoing, lifelong commitment to physical, mental/emotional, and social health. </li></ul><ul><li>A Continuum is like a yardstick: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic Disorders = Premature Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimal level of energy, feeling of well-being = High Level of Health (Page 8) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Promoting Your Health… <ul><li>Recent discoveries in medicines and advances in technology have helped wipeout many of the diseases that killed people 100, 50, and even 30 years ago. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of people get sick, become disabled, or die each year because of decisions they make and the way they live their lives. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lifestyle Factors… Page 8 <ul><li>Lifestyle Factors- personal behaviors and habits related to the way a person lives, that helps their level of health. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get between 7-8 hours sleep at night. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat nutritious foods daily. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat breakfast everyday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refrain from smoking or using tobacco products. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do 20-30 minutes of vigorous activity a minimum of 3 times per week. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use alcohol or drugs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain your recommended weight. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Wellness and Prevention… <ul><li>Prevention- practicing healthy habits to keep a person well and free from disease and other ailments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wearing seatbelts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use sunscreen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wearing safety equipment while playing sports. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health Education- the providing of accurate health information in such a way as to influence people to change attitudes so that they take positive action about their health. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help people live long, productive lives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give the tools needed to achieve/maintain total well-being. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Being Health Literate… Page 10 <ul><li>Health Literacy- an individual’s capacity to obtain, interpret, and understand basic health information and services and use such information and services in a way to promote their health and wellness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A critical thinker and problem solver. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A responsible, productive citizen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A self-directed learner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An effective communicator. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Influences on Your Health… <ul><li>Heredity- all the traits and properties that are passed along biologically from BOTH parents to child. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environment- the sum total of your surroundings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family, friends, where you grew up, where you live now, and all your experiences. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Environment Cont. <ul><li>Physical Environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are their parks or recreation facilities near your home/school? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How’s the air? City vs. Country? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your family and people you come in contact with daily. People who show support, love, strength, encouragement, and positive self-image. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peers- people the same age who share a similar range of interests. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural Environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture- the collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Behavior… Page 15 <ul><li>The way you choose to act within your environment and with inherited abilities has a very important impact on who you are. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family history means just that… it’s in the past… prevent it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If there is something you can control… control it! Smoke detectors, other examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take advantage of positive hereditary and environmental influences! </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Taking Responsibility… <ul><li>Risk Factors- actions or behaviors that represent a potential health threat. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine current behaviors… what changes can you make? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) did a survey of the largest youth risk behaviors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco use 39%, Alcohol and other drug use, Sexual behaviors, Unhealthy eating, Inactivity, and Behaviors resulting in intentional and unintentional injuries 35%. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Cumulative Risks… Page 19 <ul><li>These are risks that increase gradually and may add up to a total greater than expected. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking 1 cigarette or getting 1 sunburn. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A combination of risk factors can be more serious and have deadly results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speeding + No seatbelt + Drinking alcohol… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Taking Responsibility… <ul><li>A reckless driver risks his/her life, the people in the car with him/her, as well as the other cars on the road. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This includes having concern for the welfare of the community and for the property of others. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When certain Protective Factors are present in a teens’ life, the amount of risky behaviors decrease. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Role Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Values- beliefs and standards of conduct that you find important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstinence- voluntarily choosing not to do something. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Building Health Skills… Page 28 <ul><li>Health Skills- specific tools and strategies that lead to better and more informed health choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Health Skills- includes 2… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be an effective communicator; express your knowledge, beliefs, and ideas in different ways. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>includes the ability to say no to behaviors that threaten your health and well-being. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication- a process through which you send a messages to and receive messages from others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Say what you mean, know how to say something, be a good listener, know your facial expressions and body gestures. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Refusal Skills <ul><li>Refusal Skills- techniques that can help you refuse when you are urged to take part in unsafe or unhealthful behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Say No! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain why you are refusing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest alternatives to proposed activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back up your words using body language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave if necessary </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Mental/Emotional Health Skills… Page 30 <ul><li>Building Self-esteem: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem- the confidence and worth that you feel about yourself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examining the messages you send yourself. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on the things you do well. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Stress Management Skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress- the body’s and mind’s reactions to everyday demands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Re-channeling your energy. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laughing. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Total Health Skills… <ul><li>Accessing Reliable Information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can you tell what to believe and what to disregard? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the source. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the “angle”… what do they have to gain. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Getting Help: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being able to ask for help if needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who in your life can assist you? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are some resources in your community? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Print some electronic resources. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Making Decisions and Setting Goals… Page 34 <ul><li>Making Responsible Decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1- State the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2- List the possible options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3- Weigh the possible outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4- Consider your values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5- Make a decision and take action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 6- Evaluate your decision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practicing Decision-Making Skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase your familiarity with the process… </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Setting Goals… Page 36 <ul><li>Goal- something you aim for that takes planning and work. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of Goals- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term: something that takes a short period of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples? Homework… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term: something that takes a longer period of time to accomplish. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Graduating… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Goal Setting Plan… Page 38 <ul><li>Select a goal to work on. </li></ul><ul><li>List what you will do to reach the goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify sources of help and support. </li></ul><ul><li>Set a reasonable time frame for reaching your goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish checkpoints to evaluate your progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Reward yourself after reaching your goal. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Goals and Action Plan… <ul><li>Action Plan- a multi-step strategy for identifying and achieving goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, goal setting, like everything else in this unit, can move you toward the ultimate goal of total health and wellness. </li></ul><ul><li>Other guidelines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shouldn’t harm your health (or any else’s). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show respect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because it will help you grow, not to “Beat” someone else. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you fail, use what you learn from it. </li></ul></ul>

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