UNIT 9 Health Book


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UNIT 9 Health Book

  1. 1. Consumer and Environmental Health Unit 9
  2. 2. Consumer Choices and Public Health-CH.32 <ul><li>Selecting Health Care and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Being Alert Heath Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for Dealing with Consumer Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Community Health </li></ul>
  3. 3. Selecting Health Care and Services-Pg.704 <ul><li>Health care providers-a professional trained in the health fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Physicians have traditionally been the backbone of the American health care system. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term health care facilities provide care for patients over an extended period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Health maintenance organization (HMO’S) are the most common type of managed care. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Being Alert Heath Consumer-Pg.709 <ul><li>Medical history-complete and comprehensive information about immunizations and any health problems to date </li></ul><ul><li>Good health care requires an active partnership between the health care provider and the patient </li></ul><ul><li>As a health consumer, however, a patient continues to bear responsibility for his or her own care. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Strategies for dealing with consumer problems-Pg.713 <ul><li>Medical Fraud-It is illegal to make false claims, promising that a medicine or medical treatment can do something that it cannot do. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate-Someone who speaks out for another person or cause. </li></ul><ul><li>Another lucrative area for health quackery is weight-loss formulas. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the people most susceptible to fraudulent treatments are those with chronic illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease and osteoporosis, for which there is no cure or instant relief. </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer and arthritis are two areas where many kinds of fraudulent and useless treatments are offered. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Community Health-Pg.717 <ul><li>Public Health Agencies-Although public health is defined as a community health effort, the term community may have a variety of connotations. </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemiology-The scientific study of epidemics. </li></ul><ul><li>Famine-A widespread shortage of food. </li></ul><ul><li>The Department of Health and Human Services is a federal agency whose responsibility is public health in the USA. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Health of the Environment-CH.33 <ul><li>Air and Water </li></ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul><ul><li>Being an Involved Citizen </li></ul>
  8. 8. Air and Water-Pg.726 <ul><li>Air Pollution-Air pollution is the contamination of the earth’s atmosphere by substances that pose a health threat to humans, plants, and animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Gases-We survive by breathing in a mixture of gases, chiefly oxygen and nitrogen. </li></ul><ul><li>Disease-causing viruses and bacteria contained in the sewer does not become a serious health threat to humans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greenhouse Effect-Has serious and far-reaching consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of gallons of petroleum and crude oil are transported on the world’s major waterways every day. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Land-Pg.730 <ul><li>Toxic Dumping-Each year, billions of tons of solid waste are dumped, burned, and buried in the United States alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Wastes-Any substances that are explosive, corrosive, flammable, or toxic to human or other life forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear wastes are a radioactive, extremely dangerous collection of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Disappearing Forests-Developing nations in Central America, Africa, and Southeast Asia are rapidly expanding in agriculture and industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to These Environmental Trends-As the population continues to expand onto undeveloped land, care must be taken to plan this expansion to avoid destruction of land features and an undue drain on natural resource. </li></ul>