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Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010
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Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010

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VidenDanmark og DEFF NI seminar 12.5.2010 om Informations- og videnkompetencer i opbrud. Peter Kastberg om Personal Knowledge Management

VidenDanmark og DEFF NI seminar 12.5.2010 om Informations- og videnkompetencer i opbrud. Peter Kastberg om Personal Knowledge Management

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  • 1. Peter Kastberg, Handelshøjskolen i Århus, Aarhus Universitet pk@asb.dk<br />Personal Knowledge Management<br />- med streg under personal<br />
  • 2. Agenda : bag om centrale begreber<br />Vidensamfund<br />Personligt Knowledge management – fra information til viden via læring (Kastberg et al. 2007)<br />KM<br />læring<br />bibliotekstvidenskab<br />Viden <br />Videnkommunikation<br />
  • 3. PKM-modellen<br />(efter Kastberg, Schreiber, Ditlevsen, Harbo, Lauridsen 2007)<br />
  • 4. Om vidensamfund<br />“Vidensamfundetsaltoverskyggendeudfordringer – ogvilvedblive med at væresålænge, man talerom et vidensamfund – hvordan man kantransformerestadig mere ogstadig mere specialiseretvidentilinteraktioner for at dennevidenkanfåværdi (ud over sig selv). Ogdeternetopdennemetamorfosefra ‘viden’ via ‘interaktioner’ til ‘værdi’, dererforskningsinteresseog raison d’être for områdetvidenskommunikation.” <br />“Vidensamfundetstregrundvilkårlyder: <br /> at detkanproducerestadig mere specialiseretviden<br /> at detkankommunikeredennespecialiseredeviden<br />og at detkangøredetpå en sådanmåde, at den specialieredevidenkanbruges”<br /> <br />(Kastberg 2007)<br />
  • 5. Om Viden<br /> I “Theaetetus” sigerSokrates:<br /> “Herein lies the difficulty which I can never solve to my satisfaction: What is knowledge?”<br /> “[…] knowledge might be defined as belief which is in agreement with the facts. <br /> The trouble is that no one knows what a belief is, no one knows what a fact is, and no one knows what sort of agreement between them would make a belief true.” (BetrandRussel 1923)<br />
  • 6. Om Viden<br />Aristoteles: <br /><ul><li>episteme(videnskabelig viden)
  • 7. techne(færdigheder)
  • 8. phronesis (etisk-praktisk viden)
  • 9. sophia(visdom)
  • 10. nous (intuition)</li></ul>Davenport/Prusak:<br /><ul><li>Data
  • 11. Information
  • 12. Knowledge</li></ul>OECD:<br /><ul><li>Knowingwhat
  • 13. Knowingwhy
  • 14. Knowingwho
  • 15. knowinghow</li></ul>Scharmer:<br /><ul><li> K (1)
  • 16. K (2)
  • 17. K (3)</li></li></ul><li>Om Viden<br />”[…] knowledgecannotbetaught but must beconstructed by the learner […].” <br />”[…] whatwecallknowledge is in someway the product of the knower […].”<br />(von Glasersfeld / Smock 1974)<br />”[…] knowledgerefers to conceptualstructuresthatepistemic agents, given the range of present experiencewithintheir tradition of thought and language, considerviable.” <br />(von Glasersfeld 1989)<br />
  • 18. Om kommunikation af viden<br />Heinz von Förster (1973) taler om :<br /> ”udifferentieret kodning”<br />„Man kann erst am Anschlussverhalten kontrollieren, ob man verstanden worden ist; man kann aber auch mit einiger Erfahrung seine Kommunikation vorher so einrichten, dass man erwarten kann, verstanden zu werden.“ <br /> (Luhmann 1984)<br />
  • 19. Om kommunikation af viden<br />“Human communication as action<br />Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or transferred from source to receiver <br />Human communication as interaction<br />Human communication occurs as the receiver of the message responds to the source through feedback. This interactive model views communication as a linear action-reaction sequence of events <br />Human communication as transaction<br />Human communication is simultaneously interactive. Meaning is created based on mutual, concurrent sharing of ideas and feelings. […]” <br />(Beebe et al. 2004)<br />
  • 20. Transmission<br />S<br />O<br />R<br />Stimulus OrganismResponse<br />
  • 21. Interaktion<br />E<br />I<br />T<br />O<br />Fb<br />E = Environment<br />I = Input <br />T = Transformation<br />O = Output<br />Fb = Feedback<br />(Goldhaber 1986)<br />
  • 22. Om kommunikation af viden<br />“Human communication as action<br />Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or transferred from source to receiver <br />Human communication as interaction<br />Human communication occurs as the receiver of the message responds to the source through feedback. This interactive model views communication as a linear action-reaction sequence of events <br />Human communication as transaction<br />Human communication is simultaneously interactive. Meaning is created based on mutual, concurrent sharing of ideas and feelings. […]” <br />(Beebe et al. 2004)<br />
  • 23. Eksempel<br />Sheis beingpushybecausehe is being passive<br />(efter Bateson)<br />
  • 24. Eksempel<br />(efter Bateson)<br />
  • 25. Mellemregning<br />Hvis det gælder om at tilpasse organisationen til videnkommunikationen (ikke omvendt), så glem alt om ’demografi’, ’sociografi’ og ’adfærd’<br /><ul><li> Tænk bio- eller ontografi</li></ul>livsforløb, holdning, antagelser, værdier <br /><ul><li> Tænk ’captivity’ </li></ul>forhold til den kommunikerende instans<br />forhold til det kommunikerede<br />”what’s in it for me?” <br />Uses and gratification<br />
  • 26. Videnkommunikation<br />Miljøer, ihvilkeindividerkanblivestimulerettil at interagere med hinanden med detformål at overkommevidenasymmetrier<br />og / eller <br />Miljøer, ihvilkeindividerkanblivestimulerettil at interagere med videnressourcer med detformål at overkommevidenasymmetrier<br />
  • 27. Allegorier- der giver / skaber / ændrer mening<br />Arena <br />opposition <br />kombattanter <br />vinde / tabe<br />Valutaen er ”styrke” <br />Agora<br />konvergens<br />medspillere<br />win-win / loose-loose<br />Valutaen er ”kompromisser” <br />(Kastberg forthcoming)<br />
  • 28. Videnkommunikation: hvorfor?<br />Ændring / manipulation <br />Handling <br />Viden <br />Adfærd<br />Værdier <br />
  • 29. Videnskommunikation: hvordan? <br />
  • 30. Peter Kastberg, Handelshøjskolen i Århus, Aarhus Universitet pk@asb.dk<br />Personal Knowledge Management<br />- med streg under personal<br />

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