Peter Kastberg, Handelshøjskolen i Århus, Aarhus Universitet pk@asb.dk<br />Personal Knowledge Management<br />- med streg...
Agenda : bag om centrale begreber<br />Vidensamfund<br />Personligt Knowledge management – fra information til viden via l...
PKM-modellen<br />(efter Kastberg, Schreiber, Ditlevsen, Harbo, Lauridsen 2007)<br />
Om vidensamfund<br />“Vidensamfundetsaltoverskyggendeudfordringer – ogvilvedblive med at væresålænge, man talerom et viden...
Om Viden<br />	I “Theaetetus” sigerSokrates:<br />	“Herein lies the difficulty which I can never solve to my satisfaction:...
Om Viden<br />Aristoteles: <br /><ul><li>episteme(videnskabelig viden)
techne(færdigheder)
phronesis (etisk-praktisk viden)
sophia(visdom)
nous (intuition)</li></ul>Davenport/Prusak:<br /><ul><li>Data
Information
Knowledge</li></ul>OECD:<br /><ul><li>Knowingwhat
Knowingwhy
Knowingwho
knowinghow</li></ul>Scharmer:<br /><ul><li> K (1)
 K (2)
 K (3)</li></li></ul><li>Om Viden<br />”[…] knowledgecannotbetaught but must beconstructed by the learner […].” <br />”[…]...
Om kommunikation af viden<br />Heinz von Förster (1973) taler om :<br />	”udifferentieret kodning”<br />„Man kann erst am ...
Om kommunikation af viden<br />“Human communication as action<br />Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or tra...
Transmission<br />S<br />O<br />R<br />Stimulus	OrganismResponse<br />
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Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010

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VidenDanmark og DEFF NI seminar 12.5.2010 om Informations- og videnkompetencer i opbrud. Peter Kastberg om Personal Knowledge Management

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Kastberg videndanmark odense 12 maj 2010

  1. 1. Peter Kastberg, Handelshøjskolen i Århus, Aarhus Universitet pk@asb.dk<br />Personal Knowledge Management<br />- med streg under personal<br />
  2. 2. Agenda : bag om centrale begreber<br />Vidensamfund<br />Personligt Knowledge management – fra information til viden via læring (Kastberg et al. 2007)<br />KM<br />læring<br />bibliotekstvidenskab<br />Viden <br />Videnkommunikation<br />
  3. 3. PKM-modellen<br />(efter Kastberg, Schreiber, Ditlevsen, Harbo, Lauridsen 2007)<br />
  4. 4. Om vidensamfund<br />“Vidensamfundetsaltoverskyggendeudfordringer – ogvilvedblive med at væresålænge, man talerom et vidensamfund – hvordan man kantransformerestadig mere ogstadig mere specialiseretvidentilinteraktioner for at dennevidenkanfåværdi (ud over sig selv). Ogdeternetopdennemetamorfosefra ‘viden’ via ‘interaktioner’ til ‘værdi’, dererforskningsinteresseog raison d’être for områdetvidenskommunikation.” <br />“Vidensamfundetstregrundvilkårlyder: <br /> at detkanproducerestadig mere specialiseretviden<br /> at detkankommunikeredennespecialiseredeviden<br />og at detkangøredetpå en sådanmåde, at den specialieredevidenkanbruges”<br /> <br />(Kastberg 2007)<br />
  5. 5. Om Viden<br /> I “Theaetetus” sigerSokrates:<br /> “Herein lies the difficulty which I can never solve to my satisfaction: What is knowledge?”<br /> “[…] knowledge might be defined as belief which is in agreement with the facts. <br /> The trouble is that no one knows what a belief is, no one knows what a fact is, and no one knows what sort of agreement between them would make a belief true.” (BetrandRussel 1923)<br />
  6. 6. Om Viden<br />Aristoteles: <br /><ul><li>episteme(videnskabelig viden)
  7. 7. techne(færdigheder)
  8. 8. phronesis (etisk-praktisk viden)
  9. 9. sophia(visdom)
  10. 10. nous (intuition)</li></ul>Davenport/Prusak:<br /><ul><li>Data
  11. 11. Information
  12. 12. Knowledge</li></ul>OECD:<br /><ul><li>Knowingwhat
  13. 13. Knowingwhy
  14. 14. Knowingwho
  15. 15. knowinghow</li></ul>Scharmer:<br /><ul><li> K (1)
  16. 16. K (2)
  17. 17. K (3)</li></li></ul><li>Om Viden<br />”[…] knowledgecannotbetaught but must beconstructed by the learner […].” <br />”[…] whatwecallknowledge is in someway the product of the knower […].”<br />(von Glasersfeld / Smock 1974)<br />”[…] knowledgerefers to conceptualstructuresthatepistemic agents, given the range of present experiencewithintheir tradition of thought and language, considerviable.” <br />(von Glasersfeld 1989)<br />
  18. 18. Om kommunikation af viden<br />Heinz von Förster (1973) taler om :<br /> ”udifferentieret kodning”<br />„Man kann erst am Anschlussverhalten kontrollieren, ob man verstanden worden ist; man kann aber auch mit einiger Erfahrung seine Kommunikation vorher so einrichten, dass man erwarten kann, verstanden zu werden.“ <br /> (Luhmann 1984)<br />
  19. 19. Om kommunikation af viden<br />“Human communication as action<br />Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or transferred from source to receiver <br />Human communication as interaction<br />Human communication occurs as the receiver of the message responds to the source through feedback. This interactive model views communication as a linear action-reaction sequence of events <br />Human communication as transaction<br />Human communication is simultaneously interactive. Meaning is created based on mutual, concurrent sharing of ideas and feelings. […]” <br />(Beebe et al. 2004)<br />
  20. 20. Transmission<br />S<br />O<br />R<br />Stimulus OrganismResponse<br />
  21. 21. Interaktion<br />E<br />I<br />T<br />O<br />Fb<br />E = Environment<br />I = Input <br />T = Transformation<br />O = Output<br />Fb = Feedback<br />(Goldhaber 1986)<br />
  22. 22. Om kommunikation af viden<br />“Human communication as action<br />Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or transferred from source to receiver <br />Human communication as interaction<br />Human communication occurs as the receiver of the message responds to the source through feedback. This interactive model views communication as a linear action-reaction sequence of events <br />Human communication as transaction<br />Human communication is simultaneously interactive. Meaning is created based on mutual, concurrent sharing of ideas and feelings. […]” <br />(Beebe et al. 2004)<br />
  23. 23. Eksempel<br />Sheis beingpushybecausehe is being passive<br />(efter Bateson)<br />
  24. 24. Eksempel<br />(efter Bateson)<br />
  25. 25. Mellemregning<br />Hvis det gælder om at tilpasse organisationen til videnkommunikationen (ikke omvendt), så glem alt om ’demografi’, ’sociografi’ og ’adfærd’<br /><ul><li> Tænk bio- eller ontografi</li></ul>livsforløb, holdning, antagelser, værdier <br /><ul><li> Tænk ’captivity’ </li></ul>forhold til den kommunikerende instans<br />forhold til det kommunikerede<br />”what’s in it for me?” <br />Uses and gratification<br />
  26. 26. Videnkommunikation<br />Miljøer, ihvilkeindividerkanblivestimulerettil at interagere med hinanden med detformål at overkommevidenasymmetrier<br />og / eller <br />Miljøer, ihvilkeindividerkanblivestimulerettil at interagere med videnressourcer med detformål at overkommevidenasymmetrier<br />
  27. 27. Allegorier- der giver / skaber / ændrer mening<br />Arena <br />opposition <br />kombattanter <br />vinde / tabe<br />Valutaen er ”styrke” <br />Agora<br />konvergens<br />medspillere<br />win-win / loose-loose<br />Valutaen er ”kompromisser” <br />(Kastberg forthcoming)<br />
  28. 28. Videnkommunikation: hvorfor?<br />Ændring / manipulation <br />Handling <br />Viden <br />Adfærd<br />Værdier <br />
  29. 29. Videnskommunikation: hvordan? <br />
  30. 30. Peter Kastberg, Handelshøjskolen i Århus, Aarhus Universitet pk@asb.dk<br />Personal Knowledge Management<br />- med streg under personal<br />

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