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expatriation to India: executive training sample slides

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    Exec training sample_20130301 Exec training sample_20130301 Presentation Transcript

    • Sample slides Sample slides “Towards a successful expatriation in India” Paris, March 2013 Benoît Teppe (bt@inalliance.eu)© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 7
    • Sample slidesAgenda 1. Introduction, objectives of the session 1. About you… xx 2. About me xx 3. Our objectives xx 2. Cross-perceptions 1. How do you perceive India, the Indians ? xx 2. How do they perceive your country / you ? xx 3. National context xx 1. History xx 2. Religions xx 3. Geopolitical positioning, national security xx 4. Institutions xxINTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS & DISCLAIMERThis document is the exclusive property of InAlliance Consulting. It is intended solely to its primary recipient and may not be communicated, disseminated, reproduced, or copied in whole or in partwithout the prior consent of InAlliance Consulting.Concepts, tools, information represented herein are the result of the expertise of InAlliance Consulting. While this document has been produced with due professional care using data collected with ourbest attention, the recipient recognises that this document does not constitute recommendations, advice, or other suggestions to implement any of the ideas presented. In particular, financial, fiscal andlegal information contained herein shall be verified by the recipient before attempting any implementation.This document shall not be complete without the accompanying verbal explanations by InAlliance Consulting.© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 8
    • Sample slidesEach period of India’s rich history has left a lasting impact on the country’s present businessenvironmentMain periods in India’s history- 3000 - 1500 - 500 - 260 320 455 1100 1500 1757 1947 Persian and Hindus Valley Aryan Maurya Gupta Han Muslim Moghul British Republic of Greek civilization invasions Dynasty Dynasty invasions invasions Dynasty Empire India invasions Descendents of Gengis Khan Turks: Mahmud of Ghazni, Muhammad Ghori, etc. Partition into multiple kingdoms Golden Age: peace, arts, literature, etc. Fill the void left by Alexander the Great, create the first Indian Empire -> lions & pillar symbols Alexander the Great takes India in -327 from Persian Kings (Cyrus, followed by Darius) Push indigenous Dravidians to the South, bring the Swastika, the caste system Urbanism, administration, language, craftwork, etc.© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 9
    • Sample slidesCloser to us, a new era was open by the 1991 reforms High growth -> companies grow fast, become more profitable, market caps leap forward Fall of the Berlin Wall Heavy reduction of state interventionism (end of the « Licence Raj ») Liberal reforms Cultural change in Indian society (entrepreneurship, IT, globalisation, etc.)© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 10
    • Sample slidesAgenda 1. Introduction, objectives of the session 1. About you… xx 2. About me xx 3. Our objectives xx 2. Cross-perceptions 1. How do you perceive India, the Indians ? xx 2. How do they perceive your country / you ? xx 3. National context xx 1. History xx 2. Religions xx 3. Geopolitical positioning, national security xx 4. Institutions xx© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 11
    • Sample slidesContemporary India’s religious landscape results both from indigenous and importedreligionsIntroduction chronology of India’s main religions -? - 800 - 500 50 300 700 1100 1500 1750 2012 Other Sikhism Christianism 1,9% 1,9% 2,3% Jainism Islam 13,4% Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism 80,5% Sikhism Islam Copt / orthodox christianism Catholicism Peaceful introduction (e.g. trade relations) Protestantism Introduced through invasions Judaism ZoroastrianismSources : National Census 2001, recherche documentaire, analyse InAlliance© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 12
    • Sample slidesAgenda 1. Introduction, objectives of the session 1. About you… xx 2. About me xx 3. Our objectives xx 2. Cross-perceptions 1. How do you perceive India, the Indians ? xx 2. How do they perceive your country / you ? xx 3. National context xx 1. History xx 2. Religions xx 3. Geopolitical positioning, national security xx 4. Institutions xx© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 13
    • Sample slidesDespite the end of the Cold War and India having become a leading economy, it remainsstrategically non-aligned and highly connected to emerging markets Military, strategic cooperation: USA, GB, France, Russia, Israel Infrastructure, industrial and financial projects: member of the Asian Development Bank (67 member states) : Economic cooperation: observer status at the ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) Political cooperation, international lobbying: Science & technology research programmes: Founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement Member of the SAARC (South Asian Association for (118 nations) Regional Cooperation)Sources : Organisations internationales citées, recherches documentaires, analyse InAlliance© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 14
    • Sample slidesIndia’s rich and complex history, as well as its geographical position at a cultural andcommercial crossroad, connects it considerably to its neighbours…The majority of Kashmere’spopulation is muslim andshares many traditions withneighbouring Pakistan Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal were formed by dividing British India’s BengalPunjab was split betweenIndia and Pakistan in 1947 Parts of today’s Myanmar share their language and culture with neighbouringThe South-Western coast Indian statessupplies a large contingentof migrant workers to theGulf countries The Tamul population of Sri Lanka shares its language British India (1860) and culture with India’s Tamil Nadu Republic of India (1947)© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 15
    • Sample slides… for better and for worseMain threats to India’s national security Aksai Chin, Shaksam Valley: claimed by China and India forJammu & Kashmere and the the past 40 yearsSiachen glacier are claimedby both India and Pakistansince 1947 Eastern and North-Eastern States: Maoist guerillaKashmere : islamistmilitantism andindependence claims inborder areas and further Bangladesh & MyanmarSouth-Western coast, border borders: organised illegalwith Sri Lanka : illegal trade immigration, illegal trade Internal threat External threat© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 16
    • Sample slidesAgenda 1. Introduction, objectives of the session 1. About you… xx 2. About me xx 3. Our objectives xx 2. Cross-perceptions 1. How do you perceive India, the Indians ? xx 2. How do they perceive your country / you ? xx 3. National context xx 1. History xx 2. Religions xx 3. Geopolitical positioning, national security xx 4. Institutions xx© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 17
    • Sample slidesLegislative and executive powers are shared between the Union and each of the States, andthe Union also directly controls some of each state’s executive power 1 Governor per State, nominated by the Union President of Prime Minister India Electoral (+ government) college « Chief Minister » 12 counsellors (+ government) Lok Rajya Sabha Sabha Governor 238 Legislative Federal Parliament counsellors Assembly Union X 28 States, 6 Union Territories(1), NCR(1) Legislative power 545 Members of Parliament, 5 year term Members of the Legislative Executive power Assembly, 5 year termSources : Juriscope, recherche documentaire, analyse InAlliance (1) Union Territories and the NCR do not have their own legislative assembly© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 18
    • Sample slidesExcept for family matters, Indian Law shows substantial European and American influenceGenesis of Indian Law Contemporary Indian - 1000 0 12th c. 18th c. 1947 Law British Law Constitution American Law French Law Labour Laws WTO OMPI Administrative Law UNHRC Penal Code …. Contract Act English common law Family Law Local customs Hindu Law Hindu traditions Muslim Law Quran, Bible, Torah, etc. Christian LawSources : Barreau de New Dellhi, recherche documentaire, analyse InAlliance© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 19
    • Sample slidesAgenda 5. Value system and its consequences 1. … xx 2. … xx 3. Play with tools: Geert Hofstede’s 5 cultural dimensions xx 4. … xx 5. … xx 6. Communication 1. … xx 2. … xx 7. Traps and challenges of expatriation xx 1. … xx 2. … xx 3. … xx© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 20
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesCultural differentiation can be measured according to 5 dimensionsCultural dimensions: Geert Hofstede, psychologist (Netherlands, born in 1928) Concept Geert Hofstede’s work and methodology Geert Hofstede’s 5 « cultural dimensions » From 1967 to 1973, G. Hofstede Power interviews several thousand IBM distance employees located in 70 countries.During the following 20 years, he fine-tunes andvalidates his concept on several other large-scalepopulation samples: students, foreign office civilservants, flight attendants, etc…Statistical and analytical data available today covers 74 Long term Individualismcountries, including several Asian nations, the USA orientationand most European countries. Cultural differentiation Uncertainty avoidance AssertivenessSource : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 21
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesUS, Indian and French cultures can be mapped according to Hofstede’s concept, giving avisual evidence of their greatest points of convergence and / or divergenceCultural profile mapping based on G. Hofstede’s concept USA, India, France: several contrasts… … but no unsurpassable compared to other « cultural couples » Power Distance 100 France 90 Power Distance USA 80 India 100 70 USA 80 China 60 60 50 40 Long Term 40 Long Term Orientation Individualism 30 Individualism 20 Orientation 20 0 10 0 Uncertainty Avoidance Masculinity Uncertainty Assertiveness Avoidance Power Uncertainty Long Term Individualism Assertiveness Distance Avoidance OrientationUSA 40 91 62 46 29India 77 48 56 40 61France 68 71 43 86 39NOTE : Long Term Orientation for France has so far not been measured and is approximated here based on similar culturesSource : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 22
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesAmerican culture accepts much flatter hierarchical structures and draws substantially lessartificial barriers between hierarchical levels than French or Indian culture“Power Distance”: comparative positioning and characteristics Concept Flat Hierarchical structures Vertical Success factors ? •… Multiple, substantial delegation Decisional centres Centralised, little delegtion •… High Individual autonomy Low •… Not required Demonstration of respect Necessary Low disparities Compensation structure High disparities Non-existent Physical demarcation Visible  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Source : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 23
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesIndian society is characterised by deep and strong interpersonal links: if necessary, harmonyprevails over plain talk“Individualism”: comparative positioning and characteristics Concept Public recognition of Success factors ? Recognition Individual fulfilment, material rewards achievements •… •… Less important than harmony Truth Paramount •… No object Privacy Fundamental right Group interest Decisional priorities Individual interest  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Source : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 24
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesThe three cultures score relatively similarly on assertiveness“Assertiveness”: comparative positioning and characteristics Concept Low Gender behaviourial differentiation High Success factors ? •… Weak Role assignation Strong •… •… Naturally equal to males’ Respect for females’ success Subject to discussion Non specific KSF for female success Mimic male behaviour Weak (sympathy) Competitiveness Strong (combativity)  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Source : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 25
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesFrench culture is particularly risk-adverse compared to US or Indian culture, causingattraction towards rigid procedures“Uncertainty Avoidance”: comparative positioning and characteristics Concept Informal Professional attitude Very formal Success factors ? •… Secondary: strategy is more important Importance given to details Vital •… Necessary to evolution Perception of differences Destabilising, subversive •… Unavoidable Perception of change Threatening Futile, useless Perception of rules and procedures Vital to safety / security Inherent to life Perception of risk Must be avoided at all costs  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Source : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 26
    • Introduction Communication Cultural differentiation Sample slidesIndian society values age and formal qualifications much more than French or Americancultures do“Long Term Orientation”: comparative positioning and characteristics Concept Individuals with equal rights Basis of society Clan, family Success factors ? •… Free Creativity Constrained by social rules •… •… Limited Parental authority Strong Self-acquisition Knowledge acquisition Formal education Less important than skills Respect for age More important than skills  0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Source : Geert Hofstede, desk research, NeoFocus analysis© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 27
    • Sample slides 33, avenue Philippe Auguste 75011 Paris France Tel : +33 1 44 64 10 35 Fax : +33 1 44 64 10 36 www.inalliance.eu info@inalliance.eu InAlliance Consulting, Indian market entry specialists Your contact: Benoît Teppe, bt@inalliance.eu© InAlliance Consulting, a NeoFocus Group company – All rights reserved Executive training sample slides - 20130301 28