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Reported speech Reported speech Presentation Transcript

  • He said, “ I have lost my Direct speech umbrella”Reporting verb Inverted commas Exact words+ , He said (that) he had lost his umbrella Reported Reporting speech verb + (that) Changes: same meaning without exact words
  • PRONOUN EXPRESSIO S AND NS OF TIMEADJECTIV AND PLACE ES VERBS
  • DIRECT INDIRECT/REPORTED HE, SHE / HIS, HER / HIM, I / MY / ME HER YOU / YOUR I / MY WE / OUR / US Don’t change or THEY / THEIR / THEMHE, SHE, IT / HIS, HER, ITS / Don’t change HIM, HER, ITS He THIS,“ THAT to apply for this job” said, I want THE He said that he wanted to apply for the job She told me, “ You have to do some exercise” She told me I had to do some exercise He said to me, “ he came through the window” He said that he ( the thief) had come through the window View slide
  • DIRECT INDIRECT/REPORTED TODAY, TONIGHT THAT DAY / THAT NIGHT YESTERDAY THE DAY BEFORE/ THE PREVIOUS DAY TOMORROW THE NEXT DAY/ THE FOLLOWING DAY NOW THENLAST WEEK, YEAR.. THE WEEK BEFORE/ THE PREVIOUS WEEKNEXT WEEK, YEAR… THE FOLLOWING WEEK A YEAR AGO A YEAR BEFORE/ THE PREVIOUS YEAR HERE THERE View slide
  • TENSE DIRECT INDIRECT/REPORTED Simple Simple He said, ”I never eat meat” He said that he never ate meat present past Past.Pres. Cont She said, “ I’m waiting for Ann” She said she was waiting for Ann Cont. He explained, “I have found a Past.Pres. Perf. He explained that he had found a flat. flat” Perf.Pres. Perf. He said, “I’ve been waiting for Past. He said that he had been waiting for Cont ages” Perf.Con ages. t Simple Past. She said she had taken it home with She said, “ I took it home with me” Past Perf. her He said, “ We will be in Paris on Conditio He said they would be in Paris on Future Monday”. nal Monday. She said, “ I will be using the car Cond. She said that she would be using theFut. Cont. myself on the 24th” Cont. car herself on the 24th Can He said, “ You can do it yourself” Could He said I could do it myself He said, “ She may be at home He said she might be at home that May Might tonight” day.Must/ Have She said, “ You must go to the Had to She said that I had to go to the doctor. to doctor”
  • We can report: STATEMEN QUESTION TS S SPEAKER’S INTENTION S
  •  We usually use the verbs SAY and TELL, butother possible verbs are EXPLAIN, POINT OUT, SCOMPLAIN T THAT can be omitted after SAY or TELL, but it Ashould be kept with other verbs. T E Construction: MSAY + ( TO + indirect complement ) + ( THAT ) She said to me that she was looking for a Ejob N She said she was looking for a job TTELL + indirect complement + ( THAT ) S She told me that she was looking for a job She told me she was looking for a job
  • S He said, “ She is coming this week to stay with us” T He said that she was coming that week to stay with them. A T E She said, “ I bought these pearls for my mother a year ago”She told me that she had bought the pearls for her mother the previous year/ the year before. M E John said, “I couldn’t get on time because I lost the bus” John explained that he couldn’t get on time because he had lost the bus N Hadn’t been able to get T Christine said, “ we will pay you back next month” S Christine told me they would pay me back the following week
  •  The main introductory verbs are ASK,WONDER, WANT TO KNOW, INQUIRE… Apart from the general changes there are other Qimportant changes: U - The interrogative form changes to affirmative Eform - The question mark is omitted S T I O N S
  • He said, “ Where is she going ?” Q U He asked where she was going E S “ Do you want to go to the cinema with me today?” he asked. THe asked me IF I wanted to go to the cinema with him that day I He asked, “have you seen my cousin at school today?” OHe wanted to know IF I had seen his cousin at school that day N S Mark asked, “Why are you wearing my new shoes, Peter?” Mark asked Peter WHY he was wearing his new shoes.
  • S We will study them in groups depending on Ptheir behaviour when we apply the necessary Echanges. A They don’t follow the changes in the verb form. KSome of them will be followed by INFINITIVE, Ewhile others will be followed by GERUND. R ‘S I N T INFINITIVE GERUND E N T I O N S
  • (I) TELL +someone + TO INF / NOT TO INF ORDERS “Don’t make too much noise, children” he said.COMANDS He told the children not to make too much noise ASK+ someone+ TO INF / NOT TO INFPETITIONS “You might post some letters for me” said my boss. My boss asked me to post some letters for him WARN+ someone+ TO INF / NOT TO INFWARNINGS “Don’t go alone” Her father warned her Her father warned her not to go alone ADVISE + someone +TO INF / NOT TO INFADVICES “You must see this exhibition” said all my friends. All my friends advised me to see that exhibition REMIND + SOMEONE + TO INF / NOT TO INFREMINDS “Don’t forget to buy the wine” said Mrs Pitt.
  • ( II) OFFER + TO INF / NOT TO INF “I can look after the child while you are working” he OFFERS said. He offered to look after the child while she was working PROMISE + TO INF / NOT TO INFPROMISES “ I will give you a raise ” my boss promised. My boss promised to give me a raise REFUSE + TO INF / NOT TO INFREFUSALS “I won’t lend you any more money” his sister said. His sister refused to lend him any more money. THREATEN + TO INF / NOT TO INF “I will call the police if you don’t stop making noise” said myTHREATENS neighbour My neighbour threatened to call the police if we didn’t stop making noise.
  • APOLOGISE FOR + GERUNDAPOLOGIES “I’m sorry I’m late” he said. He apologised for being late THANK FOR + GERUND THANKS “You have worked till late, thank you” said my boss. My boss thanked for having work till late SUGGEST + INGSUGGESTION “Let’s go for a walk, it’s a wonderful afternoon” she S said She suggested going for a walk because it was a wonderful afternoon. DENY + ING DENIAL “I didn’t steal the money” said the employee. The employee denied stealing the money ADMITT + GERUNDADMISSIONS “All right, I took the money” the secretary said. The secretary admitted taking the money
  • STATEMENTS QUESTIONS ( I ) QUESTIONS ( II )REQUEST AND ORDERS