RELATIVE SENTENCES FUNCTION AS THERE ARE TWO ADJECTIVES TYPES NON- DEFINING DEFINING
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES Define the noun that is before Give extra information about someone or something They usually go after the noun they describe They are necessary to understand/ define the noun
Let’s see an example: MAIN SENTENCEThe man didn’t WHO CAME YESTERDAY give me his name WHICH MAN ? RELATIVE CLAUSE It identifies or defines “the man”: The one who came and not the one who phoned SO…
… from two simple sentences: 1. The man didn’t give me his name. 2. The man came yesterday. Common element we make a complex sentence:The man who came yesterday didn’t give me his nameBy replacing one of the elements by a RELATIVE PRONOUN
RELATIVE PRONOUNS: Defining clauses: SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSIVE WHO WHOPERSON THAT WHOSE THAT ∅ WHICH WHICH THING THAT WHOSE THAT ∅ PLACE WHERE
EXAMPLES:1. The girl is very friendly. 2. The girl works in the shop. subject The girl Who works in the shop is very friendly that verb It can’t be omitted 1. The girl is very friendly. 2. I was talking to that girl. The girl Who I was talking to is very friendly that It can be omitted
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES Give extra information about someone or something They are NOT necessary to understand the noun They go between commas The relative pronoun CAN NEVER be omitted.
Let’s see an example: MAIN CLAUSE Barbara , who is my best friendhas gone on holidays , ? RELATIVE CLAUSEWe don’t need It gives extra information butmore definition. It is not necessary to understandWe know Barbara the main information.
… from two simple sentences: 1. Barbara has gone on holidays. 2. Barbara is my best friend. Common element we make a complex sentence:Barbara,who is my best friend, has gone on holidaysBy replacing one of the elements by a RELATIVE PRONOUN
RELATIVE PRONOUNS: Non-defining clauses: SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSIVE WHO WHOPERSON WHOSE WHICH WHICH THING WHOSE PLACE WHERE
EXAMPLES:1. My parents are retired. 2. My parents come to Spain every year. subject My parents, who are retired, come to Spain every year. verb It is not omitted1. My parents are retired. 2. You saw them in the photo. My parents, who you saw in the photo, are retired. It IS NOT omitted