Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services
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Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services

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As we move toward \"Web 3.0,\" the Web is slowly transforming into a platform upon which massively distributed applications run. Rich clients turn personal computers into thin clients, not storing or ...

As we move toward \"Web 3.0,\" the Web is slowly transforming into a platform upon which massively distributed applications run. Rich clients turn personal computers into thin clients, not storing or processing any data locally but, rather, connecting to a web service where the data resides. These services may target intranets, extranets, or the global Web community, but to work they need a common language. One such language is the Atom Publishing Protocol.

Since its inception as a draft recommendation in 2003, the Atom Syndication Format (RFC 4287) has been used as an alternative to Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds on blogs throughout the blogosphere. Most have understood Atom as just another feed format, but the publication of the Atom Publishing Protocol (RFC 5023) opens the door for far more uses of the Atom format as both a means for distribution of data, as well as publication.

Ben Ramsey will introduce the Atom Syndication Format and Atom Publishing Protocol, explaining in depth how these can form the foundation of any web service for publication and distribution of data in any environment, from the enterprise right down to the small business level. Ramsey will also discuss RESTful design principles as they relate to the Atom Publishing Protocol.

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Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Presentation Transcript

  • Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Software Architect at Schematic Atlanta PHP Leader Co-author of Zend PHP 5 Certification Study Guide Chatter on #phpc Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • “The name Atom applies to a pair of related standards. The Atom Syndication Format is an XML language used for web feeds, while the Atom Publishing Protocol (short AtomPub or APP) is a simple HTTP-based protocol for creating and updating web resources.” — Wikipedia Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Atom is both a format and a protocol. Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • The Atom format An XML-based web content and metadata syndication format Defined by RFC 4287 Developed as an open alternative to the “frozen” RSS 2.0 format XML namespace: http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • The Atom Publishing Protocol An application-level protocol for publishing and editing web resources using HTTP and XML Defined by RFC 5023 Also called “AtomPub” or “APP” XML namespace: http://www.w3.org/2007/app Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • A common format Widespread adoption means increased interoperability between disparate systems Applications now have a common language and publishing protocol, leveraging HTTP as a vehicle Supported by a diverse and wide- reaching community through libraries for consuming and creating Atom services Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Understanding Atom Atom is a RESTful protocol Atom’s focus is on resources in the system To understand Atom, you must first understand REST and the Resource- Oriented Architecture Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • “REST strictly refers to a collection of network architecture principles which outline how resources are defined and addressed.” — Wikipedia Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • What is REST? Representational State Transfer Not an architecture or a standard for developing web services Not a particular format or pattern It is a set of design criteria Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Resource-Oriented Architecture Resources Their names (addresses) Their representations The links between them Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • “A resource can be anything that has identity. Familiar examples include an electronic document, an image, a service (e.g., ‘today’s weather report for Los Angeles’), and a collection of other resources. Not all resources are network ‘retrievable’; e.g., human beings, corporations, and bound books in a library can also be considered resources.” — RFC 2396 Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • ROA basics Each resource knows how to do three simple things: 1. Represent itself to the client 2. Transition from one state to the next 3. Destroy itself Additionally, the ROA provides a means to create a resource Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • ROA properties Resources are addressable Resources have no state Resources are connected Resources share the same interface Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • This is REST in a nutshell. Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Atom is resource-oriented Think of an Atom web service as a catalog of resources that you want to expose Each resource has a unique identifier The resources are well-connected Atom sits on top of HTTP Requests have no state Share the same interface Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Atom terminology Entry Feed Collection Category Document Service Document Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Entry Represents an individual piece of content (post, article, page, image, video, etc.) Entries can be related to other entries or feeds. This resource represents a specific resource (i.e. http://example.org/posts/ 1234). Content type: application/atom+xml;type=entry Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Feed Represents a collection of Atom entries Feeds can be related to other feeds or entries This resource represents a specific collection of resources (i.e. http:// example.org/posts) Atom Collections are Feeds Content type: application/atom+xml;type=feed Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Category Categories provide metadata to describe an Atom entry. Atom itself doesn’t define usage of categories. Category Documents describe the categories that are allowed in Collections. Content type: application/atomcat+xml Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Service A service discovery document that describes the locations and capabilities of Collections Usually the entry point of the Atom web service Content type: application/atomsvc+xml Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Atom provides Retrieval of resources Creation of new resources Modification to existing resources Removal (deletion) of resources from public view Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Creating resources Client “discovers” the resource through which the Atom service accepts POST requests to create resources (defined by app:collection) Client sends resource in POST request: POST /archives HTTP/1.1 Client receives a 201 Created response in the event of a success Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Modifying resources Client requests a representation of the resource: GET /archives/1234 HTTP/1.1 Client modifies the resource and tells the service to update it: PUT /archives/1234 HTTP/1.1 Service responds with a 200 OK status to indicate success Client uses “edit” relation for this logic Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Removing resources Client sends a DELETE request to the sevice: DELETE /archives/1234 HTTP/1.1 Service responds with a 204 No Content status code to indicate success Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Authentication Atom does not provide or recommend an auth mechanism Early favorite of the Atom community was WSSE Consider the use of OAuth Send authentication info through HTTP headers on each request requiring authenticated access Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Encryption Atom does not provide for encryption Use SSL for all sensitive communication Atom Entry and Feed Documents can contain XML Digital Signatures Can be encrypted using XML Encryption Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Extending Atom Atom is XML; as such, it may be extended using other vocabularies (namespaces) Use other namespaces to convey other information e.g. OpenSearch e.g. Dublin Core Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Parsing Atom DOM, XMLReader, XMLWriter, SimpleXML Zend_Feed, PEAR::XML_Feed_Parser, phpatomlib Apache Abdera Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • Out-of-box Atom clients Fude - http://www.witha.jp/eXeries/software/ Atomic (Firefox plugin) - https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/3188 APP Test Client - http://bitworking.org/projects/apptestclient/ Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008
  • For more information... http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287 http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5023 http://atomenabled.org/ My blog: http://benramsey.com/ Distribution and Publication With Atom Web Services Ben Ramsey ■ DC PHP Conference ■ 3 June 2008