Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium (ZendCon 2010)


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Appcelerator Titanium is an open source platform for developing native desktop and mobile applications using the web technologies you're familiar with. Web developers can use their skills to develop for both the Web and desktop/mobile apps. Ben Ramsey will demonstrate a simple application in Titanium Desktop, showing examples using JavaScript and PHP to power dynamic desktop applications.

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Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium (ZendCon 2010)

  1. 1. Ben Ramsey • Zend/PHP Conference & Expo • 2 Nov 2010 Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium
  2. 2. What Is Titanium?
  3. 3. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey Four main parts… ‣HTML/CSS/JavaScript ‣APIs ‣Language-OS bridge ‣Run-time shell 5
  4. 4. $9M in funding from Sierra Ventures and eBay!
  5. 5. Using Titanium Developer
  6. 6. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey Installation on Linux ‣There is a known issue with the GTK libraries for Titanium Developer on Linux ‣Until there is a fix, do this after installing Titanium Developer: ‣cd ~/.titanium/runtime/linux/1.0.0 ‣rm libgobject* libgthread* libglib* libgio* 19
  7. 7. “Hello, World!”
  8. 8. <html> <head> <title>Hello, World!</title> </head> <body> <h1>Hello, World!</h1> </body> </html>
  9. 9. var mainMenu = Titanium.UI.createMenu(); mainMenu.appendItem(Titanium.UI.createMenuItem("File")); var menu = Titanium.UI.createMenu(); menu.appendItem(Titanium.UI.createMenuItem("Quit", function() { if (confirm("Are you sure you want to quit?")) { Titanium.App.exit(); } })); mainMenu.getItemAt(0).setSubmenu(menu); = mainMenu;
  10. 10. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey Titanium has APIs! ‣API ‣Analytics ‣App ‣Codec ‣Database ‣Desktop ‣Filesystem ‣JSON ‣Media ‣Network ‣Notification ‣Platform ‣Process ‣UI ‣UpdateManager ‣Worker 27
  11. 11. PHP in Titanium
  12. 12. <script type="text/php"> // PHP code goes here </script>
  13. 13. <script type="text/javascript"> var heading = document.getElementById("title"); heading.innerHTML = "Hello, World!"; </script>
  14. 14. <script type="text/php"> $heading = $document->getElementById("title"); $heading->innerHTML = "Hello, World!"; </script>
  15. 15. <html> <head> <title>PHP Info</title> <script type="text/php"> date_default_timezone_set('America/Chicago'); ini_set('default_charset', 'utf8'); ini_set('display_errors', 'Off'); function getPhpInfo() { ob_start(); phpinfo(); return ob_get_clean(); } </script> </head> <body style="background-color: white; padding: 10px;"> <script type="text/php"> $document->write('<pre>' . getPhpInfo() . '</pre>'); </script> </body> </html>
  16. 16. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey PHP caveats ‣echo does not work as expected ‣Titanium state transitions (links) do not send requests ‣Pre-processed scripts (.php) are processed at compile/build time ‣Cannot inject classes defined in .php into runtime code with include/ require 36
  17. 17. The client-server relationship does not exist.
  18. 18. Planet PHP Demo
  19. 19. Wrapping up…
  20. 20. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey Questions? ‣I blog at ‣I tweet at @ramsey. ‣Please rate this presentation at ‣Get the source code for my examples at GitHub. ‣Find out more about Titanium at ‣My company is Moontoast. Check us out at Follow us on Twitter and like us on Facebook. 40
  21. 21. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium Copyright © 2010 Ben Ramsey. Some rights reserved. Presented on November 2, 2010 at Zend/PHP Conference and Expo, Hyatt Regency Hotel, Santa Clara, CA. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. For uses not covered under this license, please contact the author.
  22. 22. Desktop Apps with PHP and Titanium • Ben Ramsey Photo Credits ‣ Titan-crystal bar from Wikimedia Commons ‣ Titanium-cylinder from Wikimedia Commons ‣ Apollo 17 full Earth photograph from NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio ‣ titanium cylinder, GRADE 2 quality from Wikimedia Commons ‣ Surface of a compressed cylinder of titanium from High-Res Images of Chemical Elements ‣ Guggenheim Museum Bilbao from Wikimedia Commons 42