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Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
Japan music
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Japan music

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Transcript

  • 1. Music and Theater From Japan By: Mr. Benoit
  • 2. History of Japanese Music  Japanese music began to be performed with festivals and ceremonies  Originally performed on drums and flutes  Music was imported from Korea and China
  • 3. Gagaku  Meaning “Court Music”, Gagaku was a general name for music performed in a court, or formal, setting  It is one of the oldest orchestral styles of music still performed today, lasting for over 1300 years
  • 4. Instruments - Sho  The Sho is made of reeds, and is played upright with the performer blowing through the reeds
  • 5. Instruments - Hichiriki  Another wind instrument from the flute family, the Hichiriki resembles a recorder, but is also made of reeds
  • 6. Instruments - Biwa  Resembling a lute, or small guitar, the Biwa is a pear-shaped instrument made with silk strings and played with a large pick called a Bachi
  • 7. Instruments - Koto  A long instrument with many strings, the Koto uses movable bridges to create different pitches
  • 8. Instruments - Taiko  A large drum used in Gagaku  Multiple drums use the name Taiko, but are characterized mostly by their large size
  • 9. Gagaku Orchestra
  • 10. Gagaku Orchestra
  • 11. Gagaku Today  Much like our orchestral music, the works of great musicians from the past 1300 years are often performed  Although Gagaku has changed throughout history, many efforts have been made to keep the music as close to tradition as possible  Almost 50 years ago, Gagaku musicians decided to include modern influences, and Gagaku has continued to change
  • 12. Dance and Theater  Music is closely tied to the popular classical theater styles in Japan  The three types of theater in Japan are Noh, Kabuki, and Bunraku  Each features different musical accompaniment, but the music remains important through each performance  We will examine the two most popular and distinct: Kabuki and Bunraku
  • 13. Kabuki  Kabuki is a Japanese stage play involving music accompaniment and very intricate, dance-like movements  Actors wear elaborate costumes and make-up in order to create a greater experience for the audience  Stages usually include large sets with movable floors and trick doors
  • 14. Kabuki Music  Kabuki music is often played on a guitar-like instrument called the Shamisen  The Shamisen is similar to the Biwa, but with a smaller body
  • 15. Kabuki Music  Pictured here is a Kabuki ensemble: the shamisen players sit on the top right side, with the chorus on the left and percussionists in the bottom row
  • 16. Bunraku  Bunraku is Japanese puppet theater  Each puppet is half the size of a real person, and is operated by three people  All puppets are voiced by one person, who also provides the narration for the story
  • 17. Bunraku Music  Bunraku is also accompanied by the Shamisen, used in Kabuki  The pace of the music directly reflects the action seen on stage  Pictured here is a shamisen player with the narrator keeping pace with the music
  • 18. Bunraku Puppets  Three masked puppeteers work to bring this puppet to life
  • 19. References  Kabuki and Bunraku. (2013). Retrieved from: http://www.japan-guide.com/  Institute for Medieval Japanese Studies. (2013). Gagaku Japanese Classical Music. Retrieved from: http://www.medievaljapanesestudies.org/current- activities-programs/gagaku-classical-japanese- music.html  Web Japan. (n.d.). About Japanese Music. Retrieved from: http://web- japan.org/museum/music/about_mu.html
  • 20. Images  Jyoshiki. (2006). Kabuki Theater. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jyoshiki/2275354382/  TANAKA Juuyoh. (2010). Japanase Free Reed Musical Instrument (Sho). Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka_juuyoh/439991889  Carolien Coenen. (2010). Kitanodai Gagaku Kai concert in Leuven. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolienc/5214200322/  Peter Roan. (2008). Heike Biwa. Retreived from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjr1961/2302728119/
  • 21. Images cont.  Timothy Takemoto. (2009). Koto (Japanese Harp). Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nihonbunka/3352647159/  Marshall Astor. (2006). Koto – Front View. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lifeontheedge/246580811/  Karan J. (2005). Taiko. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/karanj/31869475/  Mapemono. (2003). Taiko. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/10218436@N00/51136061
  • 22. Images cont.  Bladsurb. (2009). gagaku à pleyel. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bladsurb/3942666278/  Juha Uitto. (2012). Tenri Gagaku. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/12810816@N08/72898442  Chris Lewis. (2008). Kosaka Kabuki. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/chrissam42/2644359816/  Susan Renee. (2002). Bunraku (Puppets). Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/susanrenee/426972395/
  • 23. Images cont.  Wexner Center. (2007). Kerry James Marshall Japan Visit. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wexnercenter/1285355971  Dalbera. (2008). Fumie Hihara, au shamisen (danse du Kabuki / musée Guimet). Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/3052313015/  Carolien Coenen. (2010). Kitanodai Gagaku Kai concert in Leuven. Retrieved from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolienc/5214203812/

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