Introduction to chinese
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Introduction to chinese Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Welcome to China 中国欢迎你The Chinese Language and Culture 中国,和中文
  • 2. About Chinese, and China China-World’s most populated country (1,338,299,500 people) Chinese-Not a single language. (Many dialects) All Chinese dialects are spoken differently, but use the same characters. We will be learning Mandarin Chinese, which is the most spoken dialect, and the most spoken first language in the world. (836 million speakers) Chinese isn’t difficult, IT’S JUST DIFFERENT!
  • 3. About Chinese Characters Chinese is written with a system of symbols or characters, instead of an alphabet like English There are around 50,000 characters total, used to write Chinese, however many of these are ancient, and no longer used, and many are created by companies for a specific purpose, and are also rarely used. Around 2,000 characters are needed for basic proficiency. A well educated adult is expected to know 5,000-10,000 characters. There are two basic types of Chinese characters used today, traditional and simplified. They are each used in different areas. In the Chinese program, you will be taught simplified characters. There are advantages to both. Simplified characters are much easier to write, though traditional characters are more pictographic.
  • 4. Simplified Vs. Traditional Characters
  • 5. Chinese Character Development  Every Chinese Character, can trace it’s history back to a pictograph from ancient China Shan (mountain) Knowing the original pictograph can be a great strategy for remembering Chinesecharacters
  • 6. Other types of Chinese characters. Radicals-Radicals are part of a character, and are used to symbolize an entire category of words. Often radicals are combined with a component that shows pronunciation. =Speech Radical Ex. 说话语 =Water radical Ex. 汁冰游泳 Ex. 妈, ma = mother. This character contains the component 女, which means female, and the component 马, which is pronounced ma. Abstract Characters - Some characters are abstractly represented, or symbolized.Ex. 一二三 =1,2,3,or 上 and 下=, above and belowCombinations- Sometimes certain simple characters combine, and also combine their meanings.Ex. 明=Sun+moon (Bright) , or 森=tree + tree + tree (forest)休, rest- 人, (man) + 术, tree
  • 7. Tones Tones are used in Chinese, and many other languages, but not in English. When using tones, we pronounce the word the same, but change the way we inflect it. There are four tones in Chinese High tone 妈-ma (mother) Rising Tone 麻-ma (rough) Low Tone 马-ma (horse) Falling Tone 骂-ma (scold)
  • 8. Pinyin Pinyin is the Chinese romanization system, or how we write Chinese with English letters. In the beginning of the Chinese program we will be using a lot of pinyin, along with characters, before more characters are introduced. There are a very limited number of Pinyin syllables Pinyin is also used for typing Chinese on the computer. When writing pinyin, tone marks are also often used. There are a very limited number of syllables in Chinese, (around 400). If you multiply this by 4, for the tones, you get a little over 1200 syllables, which is a very small number considering this is an entire language. This means many syllables have multiple meanings. It is preferred to use characters, because each character only has one meaning.
  • 9. Sentence Structure The Chinese sentence structure is very different from that of English. 我今天早上十点,去图书馆看书跟我妈妈。I today morning ten o’clock, go library look books, with my mom. The sentence structure is also very simple compared to English in many cases. Chinese has very few extra words.我要去上点。This literally means, I want go store. If we wanted to say this in English, It would read I want to go to the store. There are a lot of small extra words in that sentence that aren’t used in Chinese.
  • 10. Thank You For Watching! 感谢你的收看!We hope you will take Chinese with us next year at Bethlehem Central Middle School. 你们明年应该上中文课!