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Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers
 

Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers

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This powerpoint is a basic introduction to the definition, concepts, and examples of sensory processing and sensory processing disorders among infant and toddlers

This powerpoint is a basic introduction to the definition, concepts, and examples of sensory processing and sensory processing disorders among infant and toddlers

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    Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers Presentation Transcript

    • Sensory Processing in Infants and Toddlers Challenges and Support Ben J. Atchison, PhD, OTR, FAOTA Department of Occupational Therapy Western Michigan University
    • Take Aways….. Define the terms sensory processing, sensory processing disorder, and the sensory integration approach (OT-SI). Use “A. S.E.C.R.E.T” for allow analysis of sensory processing strengths and challenges Learn about a standardized assessment tool: The Infant Toddler Sensory Profile Learn about methods to include sensory processing enrichment in everyday, routine activities as well as specific challenges that need to be supported.
    • THE EIGHT SENSORY SYSTEMS • VISUAL • AUDITORY • OLFACTORY • GUSTATORY
    • THE EIGHT SENSORY SYSTEMS • TACTILE • VESTIBULAR • PROPRIOCEPTIVE • ENTERORECTIVE
    • Sensory Processing is… “…that process of detecting, registering, interpreting, responding to internal and external sensory information with an adaptive outcome….”
    • Sensory Processing …. Detection Registration Modulation Response
    • Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) Difficultydetecting, registering, interpreting, responding to internal and external sensory information with a maladaptive outcome…
    • Types of SPD SENSORY MODULATION DISORDER SENSORY DISCRIMINATION DISORDER SENSORY BASED MOTOR DISORDER SENSORY OVERRESPONSIVE SENSORY UNDERRESPONSIVE SENSORY CRAVING POSTURAL DISORDER DYSPRAXIA 8 SENSORY AREAS
    • OVER-RESPONSIVE: (SOR) LOW THRESHOLD: Responds too much/too quickly ON “HIGH ALERT” POOR FILTERING OF SENSORY SIGNALS
    • SIGNS OF SOR
    • SIGNS OF SOR
    • SIGNS OF SOR
    • SIGNS OF SOR
    • Frequent Somatic Complaints
    • UNDER RESPONSIVE (SUR) • HIGH THRESHOLD • LONGER DURATION NEEDED • GREATER INTENSITY NEEDED
    • SIGNS OF SUR Difficulty Following Directions Low Energy
    • “ Complaints of “tired eyes” frequently loses place in visual activity difficulty scanning
    • SIGNS OF SUR Doesn’t have awareness of spicy foods W Sitting/Slumped Posture
    • SIGNS OF SUR Passive Activity/Passive Participant
    • SIGNS OF UR JULY 4th Messy Eater……doesn’t mind Indifferent to heavy clothes, wool textures
    • SENSORY CRAVING • HIGH SENSORY THRESHOLD • INCREASED DRIVE=DISORGANIZATION • EXTREME OVERAROUSAL; “IN YOUR FACE”
    • SIGNS OF SENSORY (Seeking)CRAVING
    • Sensory Events Over Time Low Arousal OptimalLevelof Arousal HIGH AROUSAL Wilbarger, 1991 DISORGANIZED AND DYSFUNCTIONAL
    • Determining Sensory Challenges Support Strategies
    • Attention What is attentional state and how can it be altered?
    • Sensation What sensations are the child experiencing and how do they support or challenge the child?
    • Emotional Regulation What emotional state is the child in and what contributes to this state?
    • Culture/Context/Current Conditions The way things are typically done in child’s daily life that generates “atmosphere”
    • Relationships How do relationships help or hurt the child’s abilities?
    • Environment What elements of the physical environment challenge and/or support the child?
    • Task Is the task the “just right” match for the child’s capacity?
    • P2 P3 P4 Score Sum Section Sum
    • Supportive Strategies • FOR SOR • FOR SUR • FOR SS/SC SEE HANDOUTS
    • Occupational Therapy Using a Sensory Integration Approach (OT-SI) Bouncing Equipment Ropes or Theraband ®for pulling Therapy Balls Platform Swing Frog Swing Scooter board and ramp
    • • Ball Pit • Vibrating toys • Various Tactile • Visual Targets • Climbing Equipment
    • Fun activities that promote postural, ocular, and bilateral motor development
    • Developmental Hierarchy of Bilateral Activities Bilateral Symmetrical Bilateral Alternating
    • Crossing the Midline
    • Standard Equipment for ASI • Barrel • Vestibular “hammock” • Props to support daily occupations
    • CONTACT INFO ben.atchison@wmich.edu