“Venture Capital in Europe - The
Highs and Lows and Why Now?”
Charlotte, NC - Aug 23 2013
angelfund.vc - confidential
‣ Internet Entrepreneur since 1998 -
launched first business at age of 17
‣ Lecturer at various ...
History of
Venture Capital
‘94 amazon
‘95 yahoo!’83 AOL
‘94 netscape
80‘s and 90’s delivered primarily great results for US VCs only
‘84 cisco
predom...
2012: also 4,4b in 1074 deals
The “old model” of venture (driven by investment bankers) is stagnating
Eight large studies have examined the
IRR of Angel & Early-stage Investments
Year
 Study
 Total Inv.
 Exited Inv.
 IRR
200...
And startups are responsible for 30% of all US jobs in the last 10 years
Calculations by Venture Economics indicate that
from the beginning of the VC industry in Europe
until 2007, the average Eu...
Crisis delayed fundraising and decreased LPs confidence for “2nd generation” funds
By contrast, the story for European vent...
To boost confidence: EIF is supporting the Venture Capital industry
EIF commitments:
about EUR 3 bn in VC
up to 50% commitm...
Venture business is independent from IPOs; 90% of exits are M&A transactions
the main exit route for VC-backed companies i...
Pace of adoption is accelerating, impact of recessions is minimal
Overcoming the “bad memories” is the key issue in Europe
‣ Huge job-creation factor
‣ IPO independent
‣ Industry is backed...
Snapshot:
Germany
‣ has a hand full independent venture funds € >100m+
‣ and only a few professional venture funds € <100m
‣ while the US ha...
*European Venture Capital: Myths and Facts: British Private Equity & Venture Capital Association 2011
Equal success rates ...
in a economical environment that is not exactly underperforming....
Exits in the same order of
magnitude, need only half the
amount of Venture Capital in
Europe vs. US
Capital efficiency in th...
Software/Internet companies dominate the European VC market
European Venture Capital Financings by Industry
In 2011, the s...
Amount raised, by region, 2011 (US$m)*
*Global venture capital insights and trends report 2011 by Ernst & Young
SiliconVal...
As one prominent fund of funds manager with
investments in more than 50 VC funds across Europe
put it to us: The UK is far...
Germany has a unique model where, in a different
twist to the hugely successful VC-funded start-up
ecosystem of Silicon Val...
Building global hubs (London/Berlin) organically
Silicon Valley took 40+ years to build
New York 15+ years
London 10+ year...
More then 2.000 new startups since 2008!
Berlin alone: 2.000 new startups in 5 years!
To compare: 1.000 companies receive
Series A funding in silicon valley a year!
But it’s still very small compared to Silic...
Players of global magnitude emerged
But, noteworthy, some global category leaders with international investors
Berlin’sNetworkEffectWillMakeItAGlobalStartup Center
: Matt Cohler is a General Partner at Benchmark and was the
lead inve...
Berlin’sNetworkEffectWillMakeItAGlobalStartup Center
Even corporates get involved
Snapshot:
The future
The fact that repeat or ‘serial’ entrepreneurs are less common in
Europe and that European VCs lag US VCs in terms of
expe...
Continental Europe is in danger of dropping
below a critical size, which could threaten the
entire industry.
2005 2006 200...
Next generation VC funds: more entrepreneurial (run by Entrepreneurs)
Next generation VC funds: global
FAST: “make a decision [...] within 24 hours would attract every good startup”
Next generation VC funds: stage-agnostic
and hands-on!
angelfund.vc - confidential
Benjamin Rohé
br @ angelfund.vc
+49 173 975 1021Thank you!
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ACG Warburg Chapter: “Venture Capital in Europe - The Highs and Lows and Why Now?”

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ACG Warburg Chapter: “Venture Capital in Europe - The Highs and Lows and Why Now?”

  1. 1. “Venture Capital in Europe - The Highs and Lows and Why Now?” Charlotte, NC - Aug 23 2013
  2. 2. angelfund.vc - confidential ‣ Internet Entrepreneur since 1998 - launched first business at age of 17 ‣ Lecturer at various European universities about entrepreneurship ‣ Former Advisor to Deutsche Telekom AG ‣ VC fund Partner and Business Angel
  3. 3. History of Venture Capital
  4. 4. ‘94 amazon ‘95 yahoo!’83 AOL ‘94 netscape 80‘s and 90’s delivered primarily great results for US VCs only ‘84 cisco predominant over-performing investments predominant under-performing investments
  5. 5. 2012: also 4,4b in 1074 deals The “old model” of venture (driven by investment bankers) is stagnating
  6. 6. Eight large studies have examined the IRR of Angel & Early-stage Investments Year Study Total Inv. Exited Inv. IRR 2009 UK Wiltbank: “Siding with the Angels“ 1.080 406 25% 2009 US Band of Angels Website 200 Unknown 18% 2009 US Sohl: “The Angel Investor Market in 2008“ Unknown Unknown 22% 2009 US DeGenarro & Dwyer: “Expected returns to Angel investors“ 603 434 33% 2008 US Sohl: “The Angel Investor Market in 2007“ Unknown Unknown 28% 2007 US Wiltbank: “Returns to Angel Investor in Groups“ 3.097 1.137 30% 2007 US Villalobos & Payne:“Startup Pre-Money Valuation“ 117 117 24% 2002 UK Mason & Harrison: “The rates of return from informal venture capital investments“ 372 128 37% The model works in the US (IRRs of 25+%) 8 studies examined the IRR of angel & early-stage Investments Eight large studies have examined the IRR of Angel & Early-stage Investments Year Study Total Inv. Exited Inv. IRR 2009 UK Wiltbank: “Siding with the Angels“ 1.080 406 25% 2009 US Band of Angels Website 200 Unknown 18% 2009 US Sohl: “The Angel Investor Market in 2008“ Unknown Unknown 22% 2009 US DeGenarro & Dwyer: “Expected returns to Angel investors“ 603 434 33% 2008 US Sohl: “The Angel Investor Market in 2007“ Unknown Unknown 28% 2007 US Wiltbank: “Returns to Angel Investor in Groups“ 3.097 1.137 30% 2007 US Villalobos & Payne:“Startup Pre-Money Valuation“ 117 117 24% 2002 UK Mason & Harrison: “The rates of return from informal venture capital investments“ 372 128 37%
  7. 7. And startups are responsible for 30% of all US jobs in the last 10 years
  8. 8. Calculations by Venture Economics indicate that from the beginning of the VC industry in Europe until 2007, the average European VC fund had an annual return of minus 4 percent versus 16 percent for the average U. S. VC fund Many Venture Funds ended 3-6 years ago! Lerner, op. cit., p. 123. Early VC vintages had terrible performance in Europe due to dot-com bubble
  9. 9. Crisis delayed fundraising and decreased LPs confidence for “2nd generation” funds By contrast, the story for European venture funds was one of struggle: European fund-raising further declined to US$3 billion (amount closed) for 41 funds, due to Europe’s sovereign debt crisis and its muted medium-term growth potential. In 2000, European Venture Funds raised US$60b+! source: European Private Equity & VC Association
  10. 10. To boost confidence: EIF is supporting the Venture Capital industry EIF commitments: about EUR 3 bn in VC up to 50% commitments can be committed by EIF (no management fee but carried interest) 50 % 50 % Limited Partners EIF EUROPEAN INVESTMENT FUND
  11. 11. Venture business is independent from IPOs; 90% of exits are M&A transactions the main exit route for VC-backed companies is acquisitions (M&A), representing more than 90% of all exits. Furthermore, VC firms are also selling companies to private equity firms as a third path to liquidity.
  12. 12. Pace of adoption is accelerating, impact of recessions is minimal
  13. 13. Overcoming the “bad memories” is the key issue in Europe ‣ Huge job-creation factor ‣ IPO independent ‣ Industry is backed by European Investment Fund ‣ Recession “proofed” ‣ IRRs of 25+% BUT: ‣ Bad experiences from 1st generations of VC funds ‣ Current model is stagnating
  14. 14. Snapshot: Germany
  15. 15. ‣ has a hand full independent venture funds € >100m+ ‣ and only a few professional venture funds € <100m ‣ while the US has, in each category, >200! VCs active Germany, an economy that is 25% of US GDP.... 25% of US GDP, <10 (Germany) vs. >200 (US) Venture Funds €>100m
  16. 16. *European Venture Capital: Myths and Facts: British Private Equity & Venture Capital Association 2011 Equal success rates of European and US IPO exits there is no difference in the success rates of European and US deals from the same vintage year with respect to IPO exits
  17. 17. in a economical environment that is not exactly underperforming....
  18. 18. Exits in the same order of magnitude, need only half the amount of Venture Capital in Europe vs. US Capital efficiency in the US is not increasing - talent is more expensive - hence lower returns, higher prices. Souece: Dow Jones VentureSource, 2008 exchange rates ... and in a time where Europe is today where the US was in 1997-2001 The average in US from 1997-2001 was $41m per company at $417m average exit=> just like in Europe right now!
  19. 19. Software/Internet companies dominate the European VC market European Venture Capital Financings by Industry In 2011, the software sector again accounted for the largest portion of the European venture capital market, representing >20% of all financings.
  20. 20. Amount raised, by region, 2011 (US$m)* *Global venture capital insights and trends report 2011 by Ernst & Young SiliconValley NewEngland SoCal NYMetro Beijing UK Shanghai Potomac France Canada Germany Israel Switzerland Bangalore Germany: head-to-head with Canada and Israel while NY companies raised 4,5x more
  21. 21. As one prominent fund of funds manager with investments in more than 50 VC funds across Europe put it to us: The UK is far ahead of the rest. Holland and Scandinavian countries are next. There is not so much VC activity in Germany and Switzerland. France has some, but its law requiring pension funds to invest a certain percent in VC firms is controversial and perhaps counter-productive. There is very little VC activity in Italy, Spain and Portugal. Ivey Busines Journal March/April 2011 UKs GDP is 1/3 lower then Germany but VC market is 2x of Germany
  22. 22. Germany has a unique model where, in a different twist to the hugely successful VC-funded start-up ecosystem of Silicon Valley, the industry is not as much reliant on a handful of blockbusters or even a closely networked startup environment, but rather one where a high number of regionally diversified quality opportunities correspond to increasing levels of entrepreneurial activity. - Andreas Ritter, ARICO Private Investments Advisory and former Head of Private Equity Duke University's endowment “ Germanys Mittelstand is also a great Venture Capital opportunity
  23. 23. Building global hubs (London/Berlin) organically Silicon Valley took 40+ years to build New York 15+ years London 10+ years As a international hub, Berlin is around for 5+years
  24. 24. More then 2.000 new startups since 2008! Berlin alone: 2.000 new startups in 5 years!
  25. 25. To compare: 1.000 companies receive Series A funding in silicon valley a year! But it’s still very small compared to Silicon Valley!
  26. 26. Players of global magnitude emerged But, noteworthy, some global category leaders with international investors
  27. 27. Berlin’sNetworkEffectWillMakeItAGlobalStartup Center : Matt Cohler is a General Partner at Benchmark and was the lead investor in Asana, Instagram and Quora among others. Creators. Any creative ecosystem needs a meaningful group of creators to germinate new work. A fashion ecosystem, for example, needs designers; a film ecosystem needs writers. In a technology startup ecosystem, these people are the founders and entrepreneurs. Builders. These are the skilled creative people who shape vision into reality. In a technology ecosystem they’re people like engineers and organizational leaders. The right kind of capital. Different types of ecosystems need different types (and amounts) of capital to fuel growth. In a tech startup ecosystem the right kind of capital is venture capital: simple equity funding that’s aligned with creators and builders, takes a long-term view, and sometimes works shoulder-to-shoulder with the creators and builders themselves. Rule of law. I mean a developed and reliable legal system, along with a culture and society that values that system. This one may seem obvious, but it’s still not a given in many parts of the world. The center stage. To attract the best, most talented, most capable and most committed people, a creative ecosystem needs to command the local center stage. Finance holds the center stage in London, while in Hollywood it’s entertainment and it’s fashion in Milan. Each of these creative ecosystems has its own unique culture, expertise, and way of expressing social and financial credit. Each has grown through a network effect that attracts people to join and to stay, making it incredibly difficult to siphon a place’s best and brightest away from an established ecosystem onto something new. That’s why Milan is not a capital for technology startups any more than Palo Alto and San Francisco are for fashion. JUNE 2013: Matt Cohler (GP @ Benchmark) highlights Berlin as a global startup center Tuesday, June 4th, 2013
  28. 28. Berlin’sNetworkEffectWillMakeItAGlobalStartup Center Even corporates get involved
  29. 29. Snapshot: The future
  30. 30. The fact that repeat or ‘serial’ entrepreneurs are less common in Europe and that European VCs lag US VCs in terms of experience explains the remaining difference in performance. *European Venture Capital: Myths and Facts: British Private Equity & Venture Capital Association 2011 NOW is the time with great potential for serial entrepreneurs
  31. 31. Continental Europe is in danger of dropping below a critical size, which could threaten the entire industry. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Rebound time: Venture will grow and early funds will take the lead *Global venture capital insights and trends report 2011 by Ernst & Young
  32. 32. Next generation VC funds: more entrepreneurial (run by Entrepreneurs)
  33. 33. Next generation VC funds: global
  34. 34. FAST: “make a decision [...] within 24 hours would attract every good startup”
  35. 35. Next generation VC funds: stage-agnostic
  36. 36. and hands-on!
  37. 37. angelfund.vc - confidential Benjamin Rohé br @ angelfund.vc +49 173 975 1021Thank you!

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