Subjunctive Perfect Formed by using present subjunctive of helping verb with the past participle. Example: I (have)….
Tanto y Tan Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using nouns. tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using adj. or adv. tan + adjective (adverb) + como
Impersonal “Se” Put verbs in the 3rd person and have it follow “se”. Se + 3rd person verb
Saber vsConocer Saber is used when you know a fact, to know something thoroughly, or to know how to do something. Conocer is used when something learning a person, place, or thing.
Los Mandatos Used to directly give someone an order. Can be formal, informal, nosotros, affirmative or negative.
DOP and IOP Placed before verb to answer who and what. Placed before the verb to answer whom and for whom.
Nosotros Commands Command used when the speaker is involved. Just add “no” before the verb. (no) Lets + (verb)
Mono Verbs Affirmative nosotros commands>> drop the finial “s” before adding pronouns. To make it negative just add a “no” before. (no)(verb)mos + nos = (verb)monos
Subjunctive The subjunctive is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: Things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity. Yo form of present indicative>>drop “o”>>add appropriate ending.
Trigger Phrases Esperarque… Insistiren que… Mandarque… Preferirque… Prohibirque… Quererque… Es aconsejableque… Es necesarioque… Pedirque… Recomendarque… Rogarque… Sugerirque…
Impersonal Expressions Expressions that introduce an aspect of uncertainty.
Expressions of Emotion Es maloque …it's ( too) bad that Es mejorque … it's better that Es peorque … it's worse that Es preferibleque … it's preferable that Es raroque … it's strange that Es tristeque … it's sad that Es útilque … it's useful that Estarcontentoque … to be happy that Estartristeque … to be sad that Extrañarseque … to be amazed that Gustarseque … to like Másvale que … it's better that Sentirque … to regret, be sorry that Sorprenderseque … to be surprised that Temerque … to fear that Tenermiedoque … to be afraid that
Conjunctions of Time Así que… as soonas Cuando… when Despuesde que… after En cuanto… as soonas Hasta que… until Luego que… as soonas Tan pronto como… as soon as
Demonstrative Adjectives An adjective that points out something.
Demonstrative Pronouns Used to stand for nouns instead of modify them.