To determine homogenous urban poverty clusters within the City of Bari based on the most recent available data released by ISTAT (Italian National Statistics Institute) in the last General Population and Inhabitation Census (2001).
To identify - on the basis of determined indices - different groupings of census sections, which are sufficiently homogenous in themselves and heterogeneous with each other in terms of urban poverty.
Economic and social transformations over the last decades bring the
necessity of adopting actions aimed at contrasting the urban poverty.
Townsend: “poor families lack the resources for a quality of living conditions which are standard in the society in which they live” (relative privation).
12 areas of daily life in which poverty may be manifested (alimentation, clothing, housing costs, costs within the household, living conditions, working conditions, health, education, the environment, family activities, recreational activities, social relations).
The use of several indicators allows a more complete representation of the living conditions of the population sections.
Sections, characterised by buildings of recent construction, that show the lowest values of all the indices.
The obtained clusters
Percentage composition of clusters to which the sections of each neighbourhood are attributed
The poorest zones are peripheral (except for San Nicola and Libertà);
The zones surrounding the centre (Carrassi, ..) show less degradation;
The centre of Bari (Murat) does not indicate criticality in terms of poverty, except for the lack of parking spaces.
Attribution of census sections to the 3 clusters
Darker shades are concentrated in the historical neighbourhoods (“central periphery”), in some of the areas of residential expansion and among the satellite neighbourhoods of the “ Zone 167” (council houses)
Centre of Bari
More definite classifications Classification is now limited to the sections for which the maximum degree of membership>0.5: by increasing this threshold, classification is ever more definite and the number of sections to be grouped decrease. The most clearly defined classification regards the sections with a maximum degree of membership not inferior to 0.55.