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Philippians Book Background

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  • 1. Philippians Book Background Study
  • 2. Paul’s 2 nd Missionary Journey Source: http://www.searchgodsword.org/se/pbm/browse.cgi?st=34 Letter went from Rome to Philippi
  • 3. Geographical Background
    • It is a city inside Macedonia
    • It lay on the Egnatian Road
      • Philippi was an important outpost in this road
    • It is a marshy plain in ancient and even modern times
    Source: http://www.bibleplaces.com/philippi.htm
  • 4. Geographical Background Gangitis River – There are no synagogues in Philippi, this is the place where Paul teaches the gospel Source: http://www.bibleplaces.com/philippi.htm
  • 5. Historical Background
    • It was originaly called Krenides
    • In 356 BC it was occupied by King Philip of Macedonia. He renamed it Philippi.
    • King Philip was the father of Alexander the Great
    • It was occupied so that it can be used to take control of the neighboring gold mines and also to establish a strategic garrison
  • 6.
    • Gold made King Philip wealthy
    • It was then taken by Rome in 167 B.C.
    • When Octavian became emperor and received the title “Augustus” he made it into a Roman colony.
    Historical Background Sources: Halley’s Bible Handbook (2000 edition) pp. 812 Believer’s Web: http://www.believersweb.org/view.cfm?ID=814 Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippi
  • 7. Political Background
    • It was autonomous during both the Greek and Roman Empires.
    • Livios.org even says that in the Greek era for example, people were registered as Philippians and not Macedonians.* (so the reference to the “Book of Life” is both spiritual and has socio-political significance as well)
    • They were immune from paying tribute.
    • They had the same rights and were considerd as Roman citizens as if they were living in Italy.
    Sources: Halley’s Bible Handbook (2000 edition) pp. 812 *Livius.org: http://www.livius.org/phi-php/philippi/philippi.html
  • 8. Cultural Background
    • Philippians worship Roman gods
    • It was a modern city with stadiums, theaters and other forms of Roman architecture
    Sources: http://www.wdbydana.com/philippi.htm
  • 9. Insights
    • Philippi is a place with a rich history and strategic importance.
    • Even though it was a rich city and full of Roman influences, it had a very outstanding Philippian church.
    • It just goes to show that with God nothing is impossible and we can live as upstanding Christian men and women even in the midst of such environment.

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