0
COMMON GRAMMAR ERRORS
OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN
A Mini Study presented to the Faculty
and Staff of La Consolacion College
Iriga ...
MOTIVATION

Image Analysis
WHY GRAMMAR?
• Grammar is the greatest joy of Language study.
• Knowing the rules of sentence and word formation
gives me ...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
• This study aims to assess the
grammatical errors made by
college freshmen in La Consolacion
Col...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 1
• What is the general profile of the students in terms
of:
• Age
• Sex
• Course
• School la...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 2
• What is the general profile of college English
Instructors in terms of:
• Age
• Sex
• Edu...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 3

•What are the student’s
difficulties in the
English grammar?
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 4

• What approaches/bridging
programs maybe adapted to
remediate the grammatical
errors?
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
• The descriptive-survey method was
used to determine the common errors
of the college freshmen of La...
RESPONDENTS
• The respondents were 64 college freshmen from :
A. Education Department
B. Information Technology Department...
RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
• The main research instrument in this study was
the questionnaire.
• It included the general profile ...
RATING SCALE
Weighted Mean

Rate Description

4.1-5.0

STONGLY AGREE

3.1-4.0

AGREE

2.1-3.1

UNDECIDED

1.1-2.0

DISAGRE...
SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS (STUDENT’S
DIFFICULTIES IN THE ENGLISH GRAMMAR)
ITEMS

WEIGHTED MEAN

QUALITATIVE
DESCRIPTION

1. SV ...
ITEMS

WEIGHTED MEAN

QUALITATIVE
DESCRIPTION

11. PLACEMENT OF
PUNCTUATION

2.03

U

12. PLACEMENT OF
MODIFIERS

1.80

D
SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
IMPROVEMENT
ITEM

WEIGHTED MEAN

QUALITATIVE
DESCRIPTION

1. USING OF GRAMMAR
ACTIVITES BY...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 1
• What is the general profile of the students in terms
of:
• Age
• Sex
• Course
• School la...
FINDINGS
Age
63% of the respondents are ages 16-18.
33% of the respondents are ages 19 and above.
None of the respondents ...
• Course
• 36. 53% of the respondents were taking Bachelor
of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management.
• 30.76% of the ...
• School Last Attended
• 19.23% of the respondents came from Nabua
National High School.
• 17.30% of the respondents came ...
• English Subjects Currently Taking
• 82.68% of the respondents are taking Study and
Thinking Skills.
• 44.23% of the resp...
CONCLUSIONS
• Mont of respondents belong to the typical age
bracket for a college first year student.
• Most of the respon...
• La Consolacion College is one of the schools in
iriga that is mostly patronized by the neighboring
towns of Iriga when i...
RECOMMENDATIONS
• Improve the recruitment program of the school
when it comes to tertiary education.
• Enhance more the fa...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 2
• What is the general profile of college English
Instructors in terms of:
• Age
• Sex
• Edu...
FINDINGS
• 50% of the college instructors in English belong to
41-45 years old age bracket.
• 25% of the college instructo...
• 100% of the college instructors in English are
Masteral degree holders. 99% are English Major
and 1% major in Curriculum...
CONCLUSIONS
• The college instructors in English belong to the
typical age bracket for a college teacher.
• The English ar...
RECOMMENDATIONS
• The school should encourage male teachers to
teach English in the college department.
• The school shoul...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 3

What are the student’s
difficulties in the
English grammar?
FINDINGS
• The study’s findings showed that the respondents
agreed on having difficulties on the following
grammar points:...
• The respondent were also uncertain whether
they had difficulties on the following:
A. predicate recognition
B. placement...
CONCLUSION
• The respondents really are having difficulties in
some areas of grammar particularly in subjectverb agreement...
• Students with diverse
backgrounds are weak in
the same skills in English
Grammar.
RECOMMENDATIONS
• The errors committed by the respondents must
not be considered as signs of incompetence but as
a manifes...
• The teacher should have a constant supervision
and follow-up of the students’ grammatical
performance.
• The students sh...
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 4

• What approaches/bridging
programs maybe adapted to
remediate the grammatical
errors?
FINDINGS
• The respondents strongly agree on the integration
of spelling drills English classes at least once a
week.
• Th...
• The respondents agree on the creation of English
Club in the college department in order to
augment their tutorial needs...
CONCLUSION
• The respondents are really persistent and
enthusiastic to improve their grammatical skills.
• The respondents...
WITH THIS, THE STUDY RECOMMENDS THE
FOLLOWING
• integration of spelling drills English classes at
least once a week.
• rei...
CONCLUSION
• The research finds the result of
the study a priority of the
administration, faculty, students
and parents. P...
Thesis Presentation
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  1. 1. COMMON GRAMMAR ERRORS OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN A Mini Study presented to the Faculty and Staff of La Consolacion College Iriga City BENEDIC V. BALUYOT OCTOBER 2012
  2. 2. MOTIVATION Image Analysis
  3. 3. WHY GRAMMAR? • Grammar is the greatest joy of Language study. • Knowing the rules of sentence and word formation gives me both delight and strength in order for me to communicate my thoughts well using the said language. • The power to communicate lies on how one can effectively use the language in which he or she is using. • Grammar proficiency is a key ingredient in effective communication.
  4. 4. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM • This study aims to assess the grammatical errors made by college freshmen in La Consolacion College – Iriga S/Y 2012 – 2013. • Specifically this study aims to answer the following questions.
  5. 5. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 1 • What is the general profile of the students in terms of: • Age • Sex • Course • School last attended • Interest • Current English subjects they are taking
  6. 6. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 2 • What is the general profile of college English Instructors in terms of: • Age • Sex • Educational attainment • Subjects currently being taught
  7. 7. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 3 •What are the student’s difficulties in the English grammar?
  8. 8. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 4 • What approaches/bridging programs maybe adapted to remediate the grammatical errors?
  9. 9. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY • The descriptive-survey method was used to determine the common errors of the college freshmen of La Consolacion College for school year 2012-2013. The data were obtained from the students who were classified as freshmen.
  10. 10. RESPONDENTS • The respondents were 64 college freshmen from : A. Education Department B. Information Technology Department C. Hotel and Restaurant Management Department D. Tourism Department
  11. 11. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT • The main research instrument in this study was the questionnaire. • It included the general profile of both the students and instructors of English in the college department as well as the different difficulties of the students in the English grammar. • The last part of the questionnaire stated the possible suggestions or recommendations for improvement.
  12. 12. RATING SCALE Weighted Mean Rate Description 4.1-5.0 STONGLY AGREE 3.1-4.0 AGREE 2.1-3.1 UNDECIDED 1.1-2.0 DISAGREE 0.1-1.0 STRONGLY DISAGREE
  13. 13. SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS (STUDENT’S DIFFICULTIES IN THE ENGLISH GRAMMAR) ITEMS WEIGHTED MEAN QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION 1. SV AGREEMENT 3.38 A 2. PRONOUN ANTECEDENT AGREEMENT 3.23 A 3. WORD USAGE 3.19 A 4. PASSIVE AND ACTIVE VOICE 3.07 A 5. SUBJECT RECOGNITION 3.04 A 6. KINDS OF CLAUSES 3.03 A 7. SENTENCE PATTERNS 2.98 U 8. TENSES OF THE VERB 2.65 U 9. PREDICATE RECOGNITION 2.46 U 10. ARTICLES A, AN AND THE 2.36 U
  14. 14. ITEMS WEIGHTED MEAN QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION 11. PLACEMENT OF PUNCTUATION 2.03 U 12. PLACEMENT OF MODIFIERS 1.80 D
  15. 15. SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT ITEM WEIGHTED MEAN QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION 1. USING OF GRAMMAR ACTIVITES BY THE TEACHER 4.25 SA 2. PROVISION OF GRAMMAR WORKBOOK 4.15 SA 3. INTEGRATION OF SPELLING DRILLS 4.9 SA 4. CREATION OF ENGLISH CLUB 4 A 5. REINFORCEMENT OF THE USE OF ENGLISH AS MEDIUM OF COMMUNICATION 3.96 A
  16. 16. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 1 • What is the general profile of the students in terms of: • Age • Sex • Course • School last attended • Interest • Current English subjects they are taking
  17. 17. FINDINGS Age 63% of the respondents are ages 16-18. 33% of the respondents are ages 19 and above. None of the respondents belong to the 15 under bracket. • Sex • 84.61% of the respondents were females. • 15. 38% of the respondents were males. • • • • • •
  18. 18. • Course • 36. 53% of the respondents were taking Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management. • 30.76% of the respondents were taking Bachelor in Science in Tourism Management. • 19.23% of the respondents were taking Bachelor of Elementary Education. • 9.61% of the respondents were taking Bachelor of Science in Computer Science. • 3.84% of the respondents were taking Bachelor of Secondary Education.
  19. 19. • School Last Attended • 19.23% of the respondents came from Nabua National High School. • 17.30% of the respondents came from LCC-I • 11.53% of the respondents came from USANT • Interests • 36.53% of the respondents like to sing. • 36.53% of the respondents like to dance. • 40,38% of the respondents like to cook.
  20. 20. • English Subjects Currently Taking • 82.68% of the respondents are taking Study and Thinking Skills. • 44.23% of the respondents are taking English Plus. • 7.69% of the respondents are taking Developmental Reading. •
  21. 21. CONCLUSIONS • Mont of respondents belong to the typical age bracket for a college first year student. • Most of the respondents are females thus covering the number of males. • The course that is attractive in La Consolacion is Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management due to its career opportunities. • Due to lack of tertiary schools in Nabua, most of its high school graduates opted to go to Iriga and enroll in college institutions in Iriga.
  22. 22. • La Consolacion College is one of the schools in iriga that is mostly patronized by the neighboring towns of Iriga when it comes to treating education. • Most of the respondents like cooking and that is why they belong to Hotel and Restaurant Management course. • Almost all the respondents are following the English subjects based on the
  23. 23. RECOMMENDATIONS • Improve the recruitment program of the school when it comes to tertiary education. • Enhance more the facilities and programs of the school. • Open more courses to meet the demands of the incoming first year students. • Improve the recruitment program of the Education. IT and Tourism department to encourage more students to enroll.
  24. 24. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 2 • What is the general profile of college English Instructors in terms of: • Age • Sex • Educational Attainmentl • Subjects currently being taught
  25. 25. FINDINGS • 50% of the college instructors in English belong to 41-45 years old age bracket. • 25% of the college instructors in English belong to 46 and above age bracket. • 25% of the college instructors in English belong to 31-35 years old age bracket. • 99% of the teachers in English in the college department are females.
  26. 26. • 100% of the college instructors in English are Masteral degree holders. 99% are English Major and 1% major in Curriculum and Instructions. • The English subjects are currently being handled by one instructor only.
  27. 27. CONCLUSIONS • The college instructors in English belong to the typical age bracket for a college teacher. • The English area in the college department is dominated by female instructors. • The college instructors in English in the college department are qualified to teach the subject for they have their M.A degree. • The subjects assigned to the instructors are general education subjects, major subjects for the BSED students majoring in English and course content subjects for BEED students.
  28. 28. RECOMMENDATIONS • The school should encourage male teachers to teach English in the college department. • The school should encourage the English instructors to pursue further studies (doctoral degree).
  29. 29. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 3 What are the student’s difficulties in the English grammar?
  30. 30. FINDINGS • The study’s findings showed that the respondents agreed on having difficulties on the following grammar points: • A. Subject-Verb Agreement • B. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement • C. Subject Recognition • D. usage of passive and active voice • E. usage of verb moods • kinds of clauses and word usage
  31. 31. • The respondent were also uncertain whether they had difficulties on the following: A. predicate recognition B. placement of punctuation C. tenses of the verb D. sentence patterns E. the usage of articles a, an and the
  32. 32. CONCLUSION • The respondents really are having difficulties in some areas of grammar particularly in subjectverb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement, subject recognition, usage of active and passive voice, kinds of clauses and correct usage of a word. • The respondents were indefinite on the predicate recognition, placement of punctuation, usage of verb tenses, identifying sentences patterns and usage of articles a, an and the. There is a probability that they were just confused on the item.
  33. 33. • Students with diverse backgrounds are weak in the same skills in English Grammar.
  34. 34. RECOMMENDATIONS • The errors committed by the respondents must not be considered as signs of incompetence but as a manifestation of their transitional competence (Datar 1999). • A teacher should consider the needs of the students in order for him or her to address these through her daily instruction. • The use of comprehensible methods and materials can help the respondents improve their grammatical skills
  35. 35. • The teacher should have a constant supervision and follow-up of the students’ grammatical performance. • The students should also establish a positive attitude towards grammar so that learning will go smoothly.
  36. 36. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM NO. 4 • What approaches/bridging programs maybe adapted to remediate the grammatical errors?
  37. 37. FINDINGS • The respondents strongly agree on the integration of spelling drills English classes at least once a week. • The respondents agree on the reinforcement of the use of English as a medium of communication daily. • The respondents strongly agree on the provision of grammar book to improve their grammatical skills.
  38. 38. • The respondents agree on the creation of English Club in the college department in order to augment their tutorial needs. • The respondents strongly agree on the use of interactive grammar activities in order to boast their interest to learn grammar.
  39. 39. CONCLUSION • The respondents are really persistent and enthusiastic to improve their grammatical skills. • The respondents really want to have a work book for them to practice and apply grammatical rules. • The respondents want to experience different kinds of approaches when it comes to delivery of instructions in grammar. • For the respondents the creation of an English Club will help them overcome their grammatical errors and gain more confidence whenever they speak or write their thoughts.
  40. 40. WITH THIS, THE STUDY RECOMMENDS THE FOLLOWING • integration of spelling drills English classes at least once a week. • reinforcement of the use of English as a medium of communication daily. • provision of grammar book to improve their grammatical skills. • creation of English Club in the college department in order to augment their tutorial needs. • usage of interactive grammar activities in order to boast their interest to learn grammar.
  41. 41. CONCLUSION • The research finds the result of the study a priority of the administration, faculty, students and parents. Proficiency in grammar should be obtained by a student so that he or she can express his or her thoughts well.
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