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The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
The War In The Pacific
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The War In The Pacific

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  • 1. The War In the Pacific
  • 2. Objectives: <ul><li>By the end of this lesson you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key battles in the Pacific Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Gen. MacAurthur and Admiral Nimitz. </li></ul><ul><li>Define the term Island Hopping. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the importance of victory in the Pacific. </li></ul>
  • 3. War in the Pacific <ul><li>Japan held a great deal of territory early in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States had a tough time after Pearl Harbor because of the lack of ships . </li></ul><ul><li>F.D.R. knew something had to be done to weaken the Japanese. </li></ul>
  • 4. A Plan is Hatched. <ul><li>Two key figures devised a strategy to drive the Japanese out crucial locations throughout the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz called for U.S. forces to go on the offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>General MacArthur led the Army , and Admiral Nimitz led the Navy and Marine Corps. </li></ul>
  • 5. A New Strategy <ul><li>The idea of attacking the enemy and driving them out of certain locations as opposed to every island was called “ leap-frogging .” </li></ul><ul><li>The allies would use these key islands to supply forces and keep the war effort going. </li></ul>
  • 6. Army Training Sir!!!! <ul><li>General MacArthur used the leap-frogging strategy to march his way to the Japanese mainland. This strategy was later known as Island hopping . </li></ul><ul><li>His campaign took him through Guinea and the Philippines. </li></ul>
  • 7. Battle of the Coral Sea <ul><li>May 7-8, 1942 . </li></ul><ul><li>It was the first major battle in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>It was won by Japanese forces. However it was an important victory for U.S. forces as well. </li></ul>http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/coralsea/coralsea.htm
  • 8. Midway <ul><li>June 4-7, 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Massive Naval battle that occurred between Japanese Navy and U.S. Naval forces . </li></ul><ul><li>This was a key turning point in the war. </li></ul>
  • 9. Guadalcanal <ul><li>August 7, 1942 to February 21, 1943. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Soldiers and Marines inflicted heavy losses to the Japanese forces. </li></ul>
  • 10. Tarawa <ul><li>November 20-26, 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Marines invaded the island and stormed a Japanese airfield. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides lost many men and the battle was named “ Bloody Tarawa .” </li></ul>
  • 11. Guam <ul><li>Guam was an important island located in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>It became a base that the United States took from the Japanese. </li></ul>
  • 12. Iwo Jima <ul><li>Feb. 16 to March 26, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Marines stormed the island and then defeated the Japanese at Mt. Suribachi . </li></ul><ul><li>Very famous photograph was taken here. </li></ul>
  • 13. Okinawa <ul><li>April 1, 1945 to July 2, 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans, Japanese, and Okinawan civilians lost their lives here. </li></ul>
  • 14. Calling for Help <ul><li>General MacArthur had noticed that the Japanese forces were fighting to the death. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked President Harry S. Truman for help. </li></ul>
  • 15. Questions to think about <ul><li>How do you think the war in the Pacific would have turned out if the Japanese were able to defeat the Allies at Guadalcanal? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the importance of island hopping and leap frogging? </li></ul>

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