Experience-Centered Curriculum DesignO closely related to child-centered designs in that children’s concerns are the basis for organizing children’s school world.O But they differ in the children’s needs and interests cannot be anticipated.O Curriculum framework CANNOT be PLANNED for all children.
Teacher’s taskO To create a stimulating learning environment in which students can explore, come into direct contact with knowledge and observe others’ learning and actions.O To provide opportunities, not to mandate certain actions.
STUDENTS essentially design their own learning ; theyCONSTRUCT and REVISE their knowledge through direct participation and active observation.
For John Dewey…O Interest was purposeful.O Education should commence with the experience learners already possessed when they entered school.O Experience was essentially the starting point for all further learning.O Children exist in a personal world of experiences.
O Their interests are personal concerns, rather than bodies of knowledge.“The easy thing is to seize upon something in the nature of the child, or upon something in the developed consciousness of the adult, insist upon that as the key to the whole problem.” -Dewey, 1900
StartingInterests Point Experience-Centered Design Personal PersonalExperience Concerns
Dewey wanted EDUCATORS to: O ANALYZE children’s experiences and see how these experiences shaped children’s knowledge. O THINK of the child’s experience as fluid and dynamic. Thus, the curriculum would continually change to address students needs.
O Those who have faith in each student’s uniqueness and ability.O Those who believe that an open, free school environment will stimulate all students to excel.
TEACHER who has design an experience-centered curriculum has designed potential experiences for students to consider.STUDENTS are empowered to shape theirown learning within the context furnished by the teachers.
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