-Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at CmabridgeUinervtisy, it deosn´t mttaer in wahtoredr the ltters in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the fristand lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. Therset can be a total mses and you can sitllraed it wouthit problem. Tihs is bcuseaethe huamn mind deos not raed erveylteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.- Psycholinguistic guessing game
• the idea of "whole" language has itsroot in a range of theories of learningcalled "holism".
Based on holism - it is believed that learning smallchunks of language can never tell useverything about how the entirehuman mind works.
Whole Language Approach• describes a literacy philosophy whichemphasizes that children should focuson meaning and strategy instruction. • focus on learning the completemeaning of a word. You dont stressthe phonetic part of a sentence andbreak it down.
• focus on making meaning in reading andexpressing meaning in writing• constructivist approaches to knowledgecreation, emphasizing students interpretationsof text and free expression of ideas in writing• emphasis on high-quality and culturally-diverse literature• integrating literacy into other areas of thecurriculum, especially math, science, andsocial studies
Understanding Whole Language- is directed towardteachers and teachereducators, and alsoschool administrators.
•Have the child follow along as you read aloud and then stopreading; child must pick up reading aloud where youdropped off.•You read aloud at a normal pace; the child skims along andfollows your reading by paying attention to the beginningsand endings of sentences and end punctuation.•Child reads easy or familiar material and practices goingfast.•Demonstrate an appropriate reading speed by gentlymoving the childs hands across the lines of Braille.•Practice fast page-turning exercises and activities whichcan help develop good reading habits and faster reading.
Books for beginner readers which support thisapproach of learning to read are known as authentictext early reader books. They contain shortsentences written in simple language with somerepeated phrases. . Your child uses the pictures tohelp guess difficult words and through repeatedreadings starts to recognize words by sight.
•They have a better understanding of what they are reading, and amore interesting and creative approach to reading.•There are no lists of sounds or rules to be learnt.•Children are able to observe real reading behaviors in non-threatening situations and to imitate such behaviors without fearor shame.•Children are exposed to outstanding children’s literature from thevery beginning of their reading experiences. They are not asked toread artificially simplified or contrived language. This makesreading more interesting for them.
Disadvantages Students who are taught using a pure whole language approach without a phonics component have a difficult time learning how to spell.Students misinterpreting words.
DisadvantagesNever learning how to sound out unknown words and not comprehending the basics of the English language.Children with limited ability to memorize a sequence of words.