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  • 1. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT 1
  • 2. • Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright,  June  8,  1867  –  April  9,  1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who  educator designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works.• Wright  believed  in  designing  structures  which  were  in  harmony  with  humanity  and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy  was  best  exemplified  by  his  design  for Fallingwater (1935),  which  has  been  called "the best all-time work of American architecture".[1]  architecture• Wright  was  a  leader  of  the Prairie School movement of architecture,  and  architecture developed  the  concept of the Usonian home,  his  unique  vision  for  urban  home planning in the United States.• His  work  includes  original  and  innovative  examples  of  many  different  building  types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. museums• Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the  buildings furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles, and was  a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. 2
  • 3. PERSONAL STYLE AND CONCEPTS• Wright conceived virtually  every detail of both the external design and the internal fixtures,  including  furniture, carpets,  windows,  doors,  tables  and  fixtures chairs, light fittings and decorative elements. • He  was  one  of  the  first  architects  to  design and supply custom-made,  custom-made purpose-built  furniture  and  fittings  that  functioned  as  integrated  parts  of  the  whole design.• He  got  his  influences  from  Nature,  particularly shapes/forms and colors/patterns of plant life.• He  made  innovative  use  of  new  building  materials  such  asprecast  concrete blocks,  glass  bricks  and  zinc cames (instead  of  the  traditional  lead)  for his leadlight windows, and he famously used Pyrex glass tubing as a major  element in the Johnson Wax Headquarters. • Wright was also one of the first architects to design and install custom-made  electric light fittings, including some of the very first electric floor lamps, and  his  very  early  use  of  the  then-novel  spherical  glass  lampshade  (a  design  previously not possible due to the physical restrictions of gas lighting). 3
  • 4. MAJOR WORKS• Fallingwater (Edgar  J.  Kaufmann  Sr.  Residence),   Pennsylvania,  1935– 1937• Frank  Lloyd  Wright  Home  and  Studio, Oak Park, Illinois, 1889–1909• Johnson’s  wax  headquarters,  Wisconsin• Unity  Temple, Oak  Park,  Illinois,  1904• Taliesin  I, Spring  Green,  Wisconsin,  1911• Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, Japan, 1923  Wright-designed window• Usonian homes,  various  locations,  Usonian homes 1930s–1950s in Robie House, Chicago• Solomon  R.  Guggenheim  Museum,  (1906) New York City, 1956–1959• Dana-Thomas  House, Springfield,  Illinois, 1902 4
  • 5. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New YorkCity 5
  • 6. Unity Temple – Exteriorview 6
  • 7. Johnson WaxHeadquarters 7
  • 8. Interior of Johnson Wax Headquarters Showing theMushroom Columns(influence from nature) 8
  • 9. FALLING WATER• Fallingwater or Kauf mann Residence is  a  house  designed  by  architect Frank  Lloyd  Wright in  1935,  in  Pennsylvania .• The  home  was  built  partly over a waterfall .• Fallingwater  stands  as  one of Wrights greatest  masterpieces  both  for  its  dynamism and for its integration with the striking natural surroundings.• Wrights passion for Japanese architecture was strongly reflected in the design  of Fallingwater,  particularly in the importance of interpenetrating exterior and interior spaces and the strong emphasis placed on harmony between man and nature. 9
  • 10. Emphasis on the Falling water with thehorizontal & vertical Fallslines 10
  • 11. • The  house  is  well-known  for  its  • From  the  cantilevered  living  connection to the site; it is built on top  room,  a  stairway  leads  directly  of  an  active  waterfall  which  flows  down to the stream below, and  beneath the house. in  a  connecting  space  which • The  fireplace hearth in  the  living  connects  the  main  house  with  room integrates boulders found on the  the  guest  and  servant  level,  a  site  and  upon  which  the  house  was  natural spring drips  water  built —  ledge  rock  which  protrudes  inside, which is then channeled  up  to  a  foot  through  the  living  room  back out.  floor was left in place to demonstrably  • Bedrooms are small, some with  link the outside with the inside.  low  ceilings  to  encourage • Integration  with  the  setting  extends  people  outward  toward  the  even  to  small  details.  For  example,  open  social  areas,  decks,  and  where glass meets stone walls there is  outdoors. no  metal  frame;  rather,  the  glass  and  • The  design  incorporates  broad  its horizontal dividers were run into a  expanses  of  windows  and  caulked  recess  in  the  stonework  so  balconies  which  reach  out  into  that  the  stone  walls  appear  their surroundings. uninterrupted by glazing.  11
  • 12. • The  house  is  well-known  for  its  connection  to  the  site;  it  is  built  on  top  of  an  active  waterfall  which  flows beneath the house.• The  fireplace hearth in  the  living  room  integrates  boulders  found  on  the  site  and  upon  which  the  house  was  built —  ledge  rock  which  protrudes  up  to  a  foot  through  the  living room floor was left in place to  demonstrably  link  the  outside  with  the inside. • Integration  with  the  setting  extends  even  to  small  details.  For  example,  where glass meets stone walls there is  no metal  frame;  rather,  the glass and  its horizontal dividers were run into a  caulked  recess  in  the  stonework  so  that  the  stone  walls  appear  uninterrupted by glazing.  12
  • 13. Interior of Falling Water - Shows Wright’semphasis on nature with colors used in space 13
  • 14. Interior ofFalling Water –seating area 14
  • 15. Interior of Morris GiftShop 15
  • 16. Interior of The MardenHouse 16
  • 17. Interior views of theMarden House 17
  • 18. FURNITUREBarrel Chair   Midway Garden Chair   Taliesin "Origami Chair" 18
  • 19. Wright  designed  this  oak  armchair  for  the  Raymond  Evans  House  in  Chicago,  Illinois.  Wright  would  commonly  use  wooden screens in his design. Oak Armchair This  screen  was  designed  by  Wright  in  1953  for  the  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Thomas  Keyes  House  in Wright’s Rochester, MinnesotaScreen 19
  • 20. Desk byWright forEmil bachhouse Desk & Chair from Johnson Administratio n Building 20
  • 21. Taleisin DaybedConference TableTaliesin hexagonallow dining table &stools  21
  • 22. Allen Table with High back chairs Rectangular Taliesin TableSquare Taliesin Table 22
  • 23. Taliesin Table Lamp LightinTaliesin Table gLamp or the JengaLamp Taliesi 23