Pharmacology part 2

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  • Mydriasis means Dilation
  • Epinephrine is also called adrenaline therefore adrenergic receptor An Agonists is a drug that stimulates the effects of receptors A Beta Blocker such as propranolol is an antagonist Other terms to be aware of; sympathomimetic, sympatholytic (blocks)
  • Pharmacology part 2

    1. 1. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OFPHARMACOLOGY
    2. 2. Part 2 Topics Drugs used to affect the  Nervous System  Respiratory System  Cardiovascular System Electrolytes Drugs used to treat MI Drugs used in Allergic Reations Drugs used to affect the Endocrine System Miscelaneous Drugs
    3. 3. Drugs Used to Affect the Nervous System
    4. 4. Distribution of Sympathetic Post-Ganglionic Fibers
    5. 5. Adrenergic Receptors
    6. 6. Autonomic Nervous System Medications Drugs Affecting the Sympathetic System:  Adrenergic Receptors  Adrenergic Agonists  Adrenergic Antagonists  Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    7. 7. Epinephrine
    8. 8. Dopamine
    9. 9. Dobutamine
    10. 10. Autonomic Nervous System Medications Drugs Affecting the Parasympathetic System:  Cholinergics  Anticholinergics  Ganglionic Blocking Agents  Neuromuscular Blocking Agents  Ganglionic Stimulating Agents
    11. 11. SLUDGE Salivation Lacrimation Urination Defecation Gastric Mobility Emisis
    12. 12. Atropine
    13. 13. Drugs Used to Affect the Respiratory System
    14. 14. Antiasthmatic Medications
    15. 15. Albuterol
    16. 16. Drugs Used to Affect the Cardiovascular System
    17. 17. Classifications of Cardiovascular Drugs (1 of 2)  Antidysrhythmics:  Used to treat and prevent abnormal cardiac rhythms.  Antihypertensives:  Drugs used to treat hypertension.
    18. 18. Classifications of Cardiovascular Drugs (2 of 2)  Hemostatic Agents:  Drugs used to stop bleeding.  Antihyperlipidemic Agents:  Drugs used to treat high cholesterol.
    19. 19. Antidysrhythmics
    20. 20. Adenosine
    21. 21. Amiodarone
    22. 22. Bretylium
    23. 23. Lidocaine
    24. 24. Verapamil
    25. 25. Procainamide
    26. 26. Antihypertensives Diuretics Adrenergic inhibiting agents Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors Angiotensin II receptor antagonists Calcium channel blockers Direct vasodilators
    27. 27. Hemostatic Agents Antiplatelets:  Drugs that decrease the formation of platelet plugs. Anticoagulants:  Drugs that disrupt the clotting cascade. Thrombolytics:  Drugs that act directly on thrombi to break them down.
    28. 28. Antihyperlipidemics Drugs used to treat high blood cholesterol. Examples:  Lovastatin (mevacor).  Simvastatin (zocor).
    29. 29. Electrolytes
    30. 30. Magnesium Sulfate
    31. 31. Calcium Chloride
    32. 32. Drugs used to TreatMyocardial Infarction
    33. 33. MONA Morphine Oxygen Nitroglycerin Aspirin
    34. 34. Aspirin
    35. 35. Nitroglycerin
    36. 36. Morphine Sulfate
    37. 37. Naloxone
    38. 38. Furosemide
    39. 39. Drugs used in Allergic Reactions
    40. 40. Diphenhydramine
    41. 41. Methylprednisolone
    42. 42. Dexamethasone
    43. 43. Drugs Used to Affect the Endocrine System
    44. 44. Drugs Affecting the Pancreas Diabetes mellitus is the most important disease involving the pancreas. Insulin—a substance that decreases blood glucose level. Glucagon—a substance that increases blood glucose level.
    45. 45. Oral Hypoglycemics Orinase (chlorpropamide) Glucotrol (glipizide) Micronase (glyburide)
    46. 46. Hyperglycemic Agents D50W is a sugar solution given intravenously for acute hypoglycemia. Glucagon is indicated for emergency treatment when an IV is unobtainable.
    47. 47. D50W
    48. 48. Glucagon
    49. 49. Drugs Used to Affect the Diet
    50. 50. Many disease processes affect theproduction, distribution, and utilization of essential dietary nutrients.
    51. 51. Thiamine
    52. 52. Miscellaneous Drugs
    53. 53. Sodium Bicarbonate
    54. 54. Diazepam

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