Ben and Kaley EME 2040 Team 6Source:http://cganschow.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/constructivism.jpg
Key Figures in Constructivism Jean Piaget- considered one of the “fathers” of the constructionist movement. He developed the cognitive learning theory, which described four stages of development: sensorimotor, preoperational, co ncrete operational, and formal operational. Also, Piaget is credited with creating the concepts of adaptation, assimilation, and accommodation. Source: http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/piaget.gif
Jerome Bruner- credited with creating a construction framework based on cognition. Felt that students learn best through exploration and inquiry among themselves. Believes that there is no “right answer” in intelligent discussion among educators and students. Giambattista Vico- An Italian political philosopher, also shared Bruner’s views. He believed that trying to apply reason and logic to normal human life was impossible. In fact, according to Vico, human life was ruled by chance. In his eyes, students should discover themselves/learn through trial and error. Source: http://exploration.uoregon.edu/
Key Points of Constructivist Learning Theory Constructivist Learning Theory is based on the principle that learning is an active, ever-changing process. In this process, the learner is an “information constructor” who links new material learned with compiled prior knowledge. Goes against other learning theories that insist the learner operates as a “tabula rasa” or blank slate.
Students’ knowledge gained under constructivism is created by personal experiences and testing hypotheses. Teachers try to encourage students to explore a concept further on their own through this theory. Lastly, according to this learning theory, each individual interprets learning in a different manner.
Classroom Implications (Teaching View) Curriculum taught as a whole – “big concept” Teaches seek point of view/learning method Teacher-student interaction encouraged Hands-on teaching methods “Coaching” students Technology used to help teach Activities based on primary sources
Classroom Implications (Learning View) Student involvement Viewed as a thinker – “outside the box” Primarily group work Exhibitions & portfolios Interactive environment Computer usage encouraged
Constructivism in UseWe believe that constructivist concepts are important.Using them in the classroom is beneficial to both thestudents and the teacher. Integrating technology topromote students interaction and involvement haspositive effect on classrooms. It promotes a hands-onlearning experience for the entire class and is shown tobe very efficient. Constructivism itself is revolutionarybecause it allows students to discover for themselves alarge amount of information about any topic.
Information Credit http://www.learning-theories.com/constructivism.html