History of EducationTechnologyMaría Belén Varone
Education Technology: Definition The term Education Technology refers to theuse of technology in educational settings suchas elementary or secondary school, collegesand universities or independent study athome. Education Technology supplement instructionby providing instructional variety, by helpingto make abstract concepts concrete, and bystimulating interest among students.
Education Technology: Definition (cont) Education Technology includes softwarehardware as well as internet aplications, forexample wikis and blogs, and activities. It canalso encompass broader themes, includingsystems, methods of organization, andtechniques. Some modern tools includeoverhead projectors, laptop computers, andcalculators. Newer tools such as"smartphones" and games
Education technology: Beginnings The first administrative organizations in schools to manageinstructional media were school museums. Its purpose was tocollect and loan portable museum exhibits, films, photographs,charts, stereographic slides, and other materials to teachers foruse in their classrooms. Then by the first decade of the twentieth century, silent filmswere being produced for instructional use. Radio was the next technology to gain attention. Soon schools,colleges, departments of education, and commercial stationswere providing radio programming to schools
Education technology: Beginnings World War II provided a boost for audiovisual education.Ways had to be found to train large numbers of militaryrecruits and new industrial workers swiftly and effectively. During the 50s and 60s some television channels were setaside for educational purposes. During the 80s with the appearence of microcomputersmany educators and public officials became enthusiasticabout computers. Digitized communication and networkingin education started in the mid 80s and became popular bythe mid-90s, in particular through the World-Wide Web(WWW)
Education technology: Beginnings Today, the prevailing paradigm in the regular school system isComputer-mediated communication (CMC), where the primaryform of interaction is between students and instructors. Inaddition, modern ICT provides education with tools for sustaininglearning communities and associated knowledge managementtasks. It also provides tools for student and curriculummanagement. In addition to classroom enhancement, learning technologiesalso play a major role in full-time distance teaching. Students are now growing up in a digital age where they haveconstant exposure to a variety of media
Education Technology: In the classroom Many technologies exist in schools to enhance instruction andto support student learning. Here we have four examples:1. To help students build their capacity for research:Encyclopedias on CD-ROMs provide information, digital images,video, and audio, and also provide links to websites wherestudents access tools such as live web cameras and globalpositioning satellites. Dictionaries and thesauruses are builtinto word processors. Through the Internet students can gainaccess to a wide variety of primary and secondary sources,including government documents, photographs, and diaries.2. To make students’ inquiries more realistics: Technology canengage students in real-world activities by using graphingcalculators, spreadsheets, and graphing software andelectronic communication tools (e.g. Internet conferencing, e-mail, electronic discussion groups)
Education Technology: In the classroom To enable students to present information in appealing forms:With advanced technologies, students can present their originaldata or newly interpreted data by integrating digital video, audio,and text into word-processed documents, multimediapresentations, videos, or web-based documents. To offer students access to learning resources within and beyondthe school: A variety of technologies (e.g. interactive television,Internet videoconferencing) provide students the opportunity toparticipate in a class that is located in a different school, in adifferent town, and even in a different state or country.Instructional technologies can also serve the instructional needsof students who may be unable to attend classes in the schoolbuilding.
A brief history of technology in educationhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJ0nlh5FU5A
Sources Baldwin, R (n.d) School Technology in Educationhttp://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in-education Educational technology in Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology A brief history of technology in educationhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJ0nlh5FU5A