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Unit 05 prosperity & depression

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A presentation on the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression for fifth grade.

A presentation on the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression for fifth grade.

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  • 1. With
    Mr. Luzadder
    5th Grade
    Plain Elementary
    Simpsonville, South Carolina
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 2. 2
  • 3. 3
    New Deal
    assembly line
    Guglielmo Marconi
    Eleanor Roosevelt
    Roaring Twenties
    credit
    Henry Ford
    mass media
    unemployment
    jazz
    suffrage
    Louis Armstrong
    eighteenth amendment
    stock market
    Hooverville
    Hoover blanket
    Hoover flag
    Charles Lindbergh
    Ameilia Earhart
    prohibition
    Herbert Hoover
    Harlem Renaissance
    Duke Ellington
    inflation
    shanty
    Social Security
    twenty-first amendment
    Great Depression
    drought
    migrant worker
    Dust Bowl
    mass production
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    nineteenth amendment
  • 4. 4
    Prosperity & Depression
    The Roaring Twenties
  • 5. Essential Questions
    5
    How did new technology affect the lives of Americans?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 6. The Roaring Twenties
    6
    The Roaring Twenties was a time of prosperity and optimism. Change was evident everywhere -- in industry, transportation, communication, fashion, entertainment, and art. During this time, American culture changed forever.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 7. Population
    105,710,620 (307,006,550 in 2009)
    Average Life Expectancy
    54 years (78.4 years in 2008)
    Average Annual Income
    $1,574 (2009 median: $49,777)
    Prices
    postage: $.02 per ounce
    candy bar: $.05
    movie ticket: $.10
    gallon of gasoline: $.21 - $.30
    gallon of milk: $ .58
    Model T Ford: $290
    Children’s Books
    Bambi
    The Story of Dr. Doolittle
    The Velveteen Rabbit
    Winnie-the-Pooh
    Sports Heroes
    Jack Dempsey
    Bobby Jones
    Lou Gehrig
    Facts and Figures
    Prosperity & Depression
    7
  • 8. 1920
    Adolf Hitler forms the Nazi Party
    1921
    Mao Tse Tung helps form the Chinese Communist Party
    1922
    Benito Mussolini becomes prime minister of Italy
    King Tutankhamen is discovered
    The USSR is formed
    1924
    The first winter Olympics are held in France.
    Josef Stalin becomes leader of the USSR
    1925
    Adolph Hitler’s book Mein Kampf is published
    Life magazine
    1926
    A man from Norway invents aerosol which allows liquids to be sprayed as a fine mist
    A.A. Milne writes the book Winnie-the-Pooh.
    What Happened
    Prosperity & Depression
    8
  • 9. 1920
    Pogo sticks
    1921
    Band-Aids
    1922
    Eskimo Pies
    The Readers Digest magazine
    insulin for diabetics
    1923
    Welch’s grape jelly
    Time magazine’
    1924
    Wheaties cereal
    spiral bound notebooks
    Kleenex
    crossword puzzles
    permanents for hair
    1926
    zippers
    1928
    Rice Krispies
    What’s New
    Prosperity & Depression
    9
  • 10. Prosperity & Depression
    10
    The Roaring Twenties Begin (.33)Boom Times (5.34)1920 -1929: How We Lived (7.52)
  • 11. Automobiles
    Henry Ford’s newmethod of production, the assembly line, was faster and cheaper than previous methods, forever changing factories in the United States.
    An assembly line is a method of mass production in which a product is put together as it moves past a line of workers.
    Mass production is the making of a large number of goods that are alike.
    11
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 12. Prosperity & Depression
    12
    Automobiles and Roads (2.16)Automobiles (3.00)
  • 13. Aviation
    13
    In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
    In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman pilot to fly alone over the Atlantic Ocean. In 1936 she attempted to fly around the world and her plane mysteriously disappeared.
    The Aviation History Online Museum: Charles Lindbergh
    The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart
    The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart (Transcontinental Flight)
    The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart (Transatlantic Flight)
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 14. Prosperity & Depression
    14
    Charles Lindbergh (2.43)Amelia Earhart (2.49)
  • 15. Radio and Television
    15
    GuglielmoMarconi was an Italian physicist and inventor who sent the first radio message across the Atlantic Ocean.
    Public forms of communication that reach large audiences are known as mass media.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 16. Prosperity & Depression
    16
    Radio and Television (.49)
  • 17. Prosperity & Depression
    17
    1920 – 1929: Science & Technology (7.37)
  • 18. Essential Questions
    18
    What was jazz and the Harlem Renaissance?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 19. Jazz
    19
    Jazzwas a musical form which began in New Orleans, Louisiana, and was influenced by African American musical traditions.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 20. Jazz
    20
    Louis Armstrong was a trumpeter and singer who was the first major jazz soloist.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 21. Jazz
    21
    Duke Ellington was a pianist, Jazz composer, and a big band leader. He composed hundreds of songs and won twelve Grammy awards.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 22. Prosperity & Depression
    22
    The Jazz Age (.59)Duke Ellington (16.27)
  • 23. The Harlem Renaissance
    23
    The Harlem Renaissance was an artistic movement centered in Harlem, an African American neighborhood in New York City.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 24. Prosperity & Depression
    24
    The Harlem Renaissance (6.40)
  • 25. Essential Questions
    25
    What were the 18th, 20th, and 21st Amendments
    to the U.S. Constitution?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 26. Prohibition
    26
    Prohibition, also known as The Noble Experiment, was the period in United States history from 1920 to 1933 in which the sale, manufacturing, and transportation of alcohol was illegal.
    In 1919, the eighteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was passed enacting prohibition.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 27. Prohibition
    27
    The illegal production and distribution of alcohol, which became known as bootlegging, became common during prohibition. Notorious gangsters, such as Al Capone, were heavily involved in bootlegging.
    Speakeasies were establishments that illegally sold alcoholic beverages during Prohibition. Speakeasy operators often bribed the police to leave them alone or to give them advance notice of raids.
    In 1933, the twenty-first amendment to the United States Constitution was passed which repealed, or ended, prohibition.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 28. Prosperity & Depression
    28
    Prohibition (2.09)
  • 29. Women’s Suffrage
    29
    In 1920, the nineteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was passed which gave women the right to vote.
    Suffrageis the right to vote.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 30. Essential Questions
    30
    What was the Great Migration?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 31. The Great Migration
    31
    In 1914, 90 percent of African Americans lived in the southern states that once belonged to the Confederacy where segregation was legal. By 1930, less than 80 percent of African Americans lived in the South.
    African Americans left the South not only to escape the prejudice and discrimination that existed there, but also because of the economic activities that existed in the North.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 32. The Great Migration
    32
    During World War I, factory workers recruited African Americans to move north by telling them about the higher wages and better living conditions that existed there. Once African Americans moved to the North, however, they often experienced segregation and lived in slums.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 33. 33
    Prosperity & Depression
    The Great Depression
  • 34. Population (1930)
    122,775,046(307,006,550 in 2009)
    Average Life Expectancy
    59.7 years (78.4 years in 2008)
    Average Annual Income
    $1,970 (2009 median: $49,777)
    National Debt
    $16,185,309,831
    Average House Price (1930)
    $7,145
    Prices
    postage: $.02 - $.03 per ounce
    candy bar: $.05
    movie ticket: $.25
    Movies
    Gone with the Wind
    King Kong
    Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
    The Wizard of Oz
    Facts and Figures
    Prosperity & Depression
    34
  • 35. 1930
    Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin is born
    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle dies
    Clint Eastwood is born
    1931
    Thomas Edison dies
    Mickey Mantle is born
    1932
    Judy Blue is born
    George Eastman dies (Kodak)
    1933
    President Calvin Coolidge dies
    1934
    Hank Aaron is born
    1935
    Elvis Presley is born
    1936
    Wilt Chamberlain is born
    1937
    Bill Cosby is born
    Amelia Earhart dies
    Colin Powell is born
    Births & Deaths
    Prosperity & Depression
    35
  • 36. 1930
    Gandhi leads his country in civil disobedience
    The first World Cup soccer game is played in Uruguay.
    1933
    Aldolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
    Germany and Japan leave the League of Nations.
    1934
    The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations.
    A civil war breaks out in China
    1935
    Persia changes its name to Iran
    Italy invades Etheopia
    1936
    The Olympics are held in Berlin, Germany
    A civil war breaks out in Spain
    1937
    The Hindenburg explodes killing 34
    1938
    Germany annexes Austria
    The ballpoint pen is invented
    What Happened
    Prosperity & Depression
    36
  • 37. 1930
    Nancy Drew mysteries
    1931
    Scotch Tape
    electric razors
    Scrabble
    Alka-Seltzer
    1933
    Mickey Mouse watches
    comic books
    1935
    parking meters
    paperback books
    Monopoly game
    crossword puzzles
    permanents for hair
    1936
    electric guitar
    Life magazine
    1937
    jet engines
    1939
    air-conditioned cars
    helicopter
    What’s New
    Prosperity & Depression
    37
  • 38. Essential Questions
    38
    What were Black Tuesday and the Great Depression?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 39. Black Tuesday
    39
    Many Americans borrowed money to buy stocks because they believed that they were certain they could get rich in the stock market.
    On October 24, 1929 the stock market crashed. This means that the value of most stocks fell dramatically. This day became known as Black Tuesday.
    When the stock market crashed, banks tried to get the loans they had made repaid. The stock purchased by these investors, however, was now worth little or nothing and so banks were able to get little of their money back.
    When word spread that banks were unable to collect the money they had loaned, depositors rushed to withdraw their savings.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 40. Prosperity & Depression
    40
    1929
    Stock market returns to pre-depression close (1955)
    World War II Ends (1945)
    The United States enters World War II (1941)
    1932
  • 41. Great Depression
    41
    A stock market is a place where stocks are bought and sold.
    Credit is borrowed money.
    The Great Depression was a period of severe economic hardship that began in the United States in 1929.
    Inflation is a rapid rise in prices.
    Unemploymentis number of workers without jobs.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 42. Prosperity & Depression
    42
    The Great Depression (.46)Black Tuesday (5.34)
  • 43. Prosperity & Depression
    43
    Black Tuesday (5.34)Life in the 1930s (5.26)President Hoover vs. World War I Vets (3.03)
  • 44. Great Depression
    44
    A shanty is a shack built by poor people during the Great Depression.
    A Hooverville is a shantytown.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 45. Prosperity & Depression
    45
    Welcome to Hooverville(6.22)
  • 46. 46
    Dweller in a Hooverville in Circleville, Ohio
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 47. 47
    Shanty in Herrin, Illinois
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 48. 48
    Shanty in Herrin, Illinois
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 49. 49
    Family living in a shanty in Herrin, Illinois
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 50. Great Depression
    50
    A Hoover blanket is a newspaper used by homeless people to keep warm.
    Hoover flags are empty pockets turned inside out.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 51. Great Depression
    51
    The New Deal was a series of programs that attempted to help the nation recover from the Great Depression.
    Social Security was New Deal program that provides monthly payments to people who are elderly, disabled, or unemployed.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 52. Prosperity & Depression
    52
    The New Deal (8.08)The Second New Deal (6.00)
  • 53. 53
    Prosperity & Depression
    The Dust Bowl
  • 54. Essential Questions
    54
    What was the Dust Bowl?
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 55. Dust Bowl
    55
    A drought is a long period without rain.
    The Dust Bowl was a name given to much of the Great Plains during the long drought of the 1930s.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 56. Prosperity & Depression
    56
    The Dust Bowl (6.40)Migration from the Dust Bowl (4.17)Surviving the Dust Bowl (online) (52:31)
  • 57. 57
    Dustbowl
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 58. Dust Bowl
    58
    A migrant worker is a person who moves from place to place harvesting crops.
    Prosperity & Depression
  • 59. Prosperity & Depression
    59
    The Hindenburg (2.58)