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D4 FOLDER POWERPOINT
 

D4 FOLDER POWERPOINT

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    D4 FOLDER POWERPOINT D4 FOLDER POWERPOINT Presentation Transcript

    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila PRACTICUM SITE Barangay Labac, Naic, Cavite Assembly Place: Infront of Redo Bldg. Assembly Time: 0530 Hours Departure Time: 0600 Hours Dress Code: Practical Uniform • Long Sleeve Shirt and Long Pants; or • Cover All (Long sleeves) Safety Shoes/Rubber Shoes
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  Safety gloves (Cotton)  Registration Form  Medical Certificate  Practicum Permit  Extra Clothes  Snacks/Money  Plastic Bag Note: No Registration Form / Medical Certificate / Practicum Permit /Dress Code = NO PRACTICUM TRANSPORTATIOTRANSPORTATIO NN AND LUNCH ISAND LUNCH IS FREE!!!FREE!!!
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Medical Certificate February 14, 2012 This is to Certify that I have seen and examined: Patient’s Name: Marino Solas Agency: Far East Maritime Foundation Inc. Age: 20 Sex: Male Civil Status: Single Position: OS With the following Findings: Vital Signs: BP: 120/80 P.R. 80/min. R.R. 36/min. Dr. Tionloc Medical Center, Inc.Dr. Tionloc Medical Center, Inc. United Nations Avenue, Mabini St., Ermita, ManilaUnited Nations Avenue, Mabini St., Ermita, Manila Accredited: DOH • POEA • MARINA • PRCAccredited: DOH • POEA • MARINA • PRC FEMFI-R-TD-014 Revision No.: 01 Date: Approved by: CAS Page 4 of 186
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Otoscopy: Intact Tympatic membrane Heart: Essentially Normal Lungs: Essentially Normal ECG: Within nomal limit Others: N/A Recommendations: FIT FOR TRAINING Yours truly, DrTionloc Dr. Tionloc, MD Examining Physician PRC No. 12345 FEMFI-R-TD-014 Revision No.: 01 Date: Approved by: CAS Page 5 of 186
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila MEDICAL CERTIFICATE Date of Submission: Day 4 Time of Submission: 0700H Requirements: Photo Copy (1) DOH accredited Vital Signs: BP, PR & RR Recommendation: Fit Validity: Not more than 6 months Physician’s name, signature & PRC license # Not accepted: Fax Recommendation: Fit with any restrictions
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila At the end of the session, the trainees will be able to: State and describe the maintenance and inspections of the following:  Fire alarms  Fire detection equipment  Fixed fire extinguishing equipment  Fire main, hydrants, hoses and nozzles and pumps  Portable and mobile fire extinguishing equipment including appliances  Fire fighter’s outfit and other personal protective equipment FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 1 of 79 Day 4
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila MAINTENANCE AND TESTING 1. maintenance and repair instructions; 2. schedule of periodic maintenance; 3. list of replaceable parts 4. log for records of inspections and maintenance, listing identified non-conformities and their targeted completion dates MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 2 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila WEEKLY TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 1. all public address systems and general alarm systems are functioning properly 2. breathing apparatus cylinders do not present leakages MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 3 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila MONTHLY TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 1. all fireman's outfits, fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, hoses and nozzles are in place, properly arranged, and are in proper condition 2. all fixed fire-fighting system stop valves are in the proper open or closed position, and dry pipe sprinkler systems have appropriate pressures as indicated by gauges 3. sprinkler system pressure tanks have correct levels of water as indicated by glass gauges MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 4 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila MONTHLY TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 4. all sprinkler system pumps automatically operate on reduction of pressure in the systems 5. all fire pumps are operated 6. all fixed fire-extinguishing installation using extinguishing gas are free from leakage MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 5 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila QUARTERLY TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 1. all automatic alarms for the sprinkler systems are tested using the test valves for each section 2. the international shore connection is in proper condition 3. lockers providing storage for fire-fighting equipments contain proper inventory and equipment is in proper condition 4. all fire doors and fire dampers are tested for local operation 5. all CO2 bottle connections for cable operating system clips should be checked for tightness on fixed fire extinguishing installations MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 6 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ANNUAL TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 1. all fire extinguishers are checked for proper location charging pressure, and condition; fire detection 2. systems are tested for proper operation, as appropriate 3. all fire doors and dampers are tested for remote operation 4. all foam-water and water-spray fixed fire-fighting systems are tested for operation 5. all accessible components of fixed fire-fighting systems are visually inspected for proper condition MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 7 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ANNUAL TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 7. all hydrants are tested for operation 8. all antifreeze systems are tested for proper solutions 9. sprinkler system connections from the ship's fire main are tested for operation 10. all fire hoses are hydrostatically tested 6. all fire pumps, including sprinkler system pumps, are flow tested for proper pressures and flows MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 8 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ANNUAL TESTING AND INSPECTIONS 11. breathing apparatus air recharging systems checked for air quality 12. control valves of fixed fire-fighting systems should be inspected 13. air should be blown through the piping of extinguishing gas systems MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 9 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIVE-YEAR SERVICE 1. hydrostatic testing for all SCBA's cylinders 2. control valves of fixed fire-fighting systems should be internally inspected MSC/Circ.850 FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 10 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE ALARMS AND ACTUATING SWITCHES  A plan should be available which shows their positions  A schedule should be prepared that shows dates when surveys, inspections, maintenance and testing should be carried out  A record should be kept of defect found and of repairs carried out FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 11 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE ALARMS AND ACTUATING SWITCHES  The manufacturer’s instruction manuals should include at least - Inspection for damage or omissions in wiring and equipment - Cleaning of electrical contacts and switches - Testing of the system and providing that all equipment operates correctly FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 12 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE DETECTION EQUIPMENT  Additionally the maintenance schedule should include • testing the correct operations of each or probe, as appropriate, for - smoke (ion) detectors - flame detectors (infrared or ultraviolet rays from the flames) FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 13 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE DETECTION EQUIPMENT - rate of change of temperature detector - bursting temperature of sprinkler bulb in a sprinkler system • cleaning and checking of contacts and other components in the control box and ensuring that connection to the fire alarm system operates correctly FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 14 of 74
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ALARM SYSTEM CONTROL UNITS • do not store objects in or around alarm system control panel, recording instrument, and other devices • Many alarm system have locking doors with storage areas for extra relays. Light bulb, and test equipment • If these space is not designed into one unit, store these devices elsewhere • Otherwise, they may foul moving parts or cause electrical shortage that may result in system failure FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 15 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ALARM SYSTEM CONTROL UNITS • Inspect the unit to ensure that all parts are operating properly - all switches perform their intended functions - all indicators light or sound on demand - trigger individual detectors to see whether the alarm unit system sends the appropriate signal and the warning lamps light properly - report any failure during the test to the person responsible FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 16 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila ALARM SYSTEM CONTROL UNITS • check auxiliary devices o local evacuation alarms o air-handling system shut down control o fire dampers o restore all devices to proper operation after testing FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 17 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila SPRINKLER SYSTEM • Restoring the System o Replace any sprinkler that were heated by the fire (even if they did not open) with spares of the same size, orifice diameter, deflector type and temperature rating FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 18 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila SPRINKLER SYSTEM o If sea water is pumped into the system, thoroughly flush with freshwater to prevent electrolysis from destroying the system component o reset all valves to their designated position, switch the water supply back to freshwater refill and recharge the pressure tank. Refer to system specification markings for the designed volume and pressure FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 19 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Inspecting, testing and maintenance o required periodic inspection and maintenance o familiarization and to verify system readiness o review records of prior inspection o clean, undamaged and corrosion free o examine sprinklers in spaces subject to high temperature ratings o ensure sprinklers exposed to a corrosive atmosphere have especial protective coating SPRINKLER SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 20 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Inspecting, testing and maintenance o replace corroded sprinkle of proper temperature rating, size and type o partitions or stores do not obstruct the distribution of water discharge from sprinklers o maintain clearance under sprinklers of at least 457mm from deflector o inspect pipe hanger and piping and repair loose ones promptly o check for corrosion in the pipes, often microbe- induced can caused rupture or blockages SPRINKLER SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 21 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Inspecting, testing and maintenance o internal inspection and water treatment are necessary to prevent corrosion o freezing of pipes can stop the flow of water and cause failure of control and alarm o inspect heating source for pressure tank daily in cold weather (below 4ºC) SPRINKLER SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 22 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Inspecting, testing and maintenance o conduct test connection with - an inch (25mm pipe) equipped with a shut off valve - discharge orifice that is equal in size to the smallest sprinkler o the test connection is usually located at the section control valve SPRINKLER SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 23 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE (ODORLESS, COLORLESS AND INERT) SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS Two main types o Local Application – protects particular pieces of equipment and machinery or independent (free standing) systems are also used for small specific hazardous spaces such as paint lockers, lamp lockers o Total Flooding – protects the entire space. Most commonly used to protect engine rooms, other machinery spaces and cargo holds FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 24 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE (ODORLESS, COLORLESS AND INERT) SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS Basic components are: 1. piping 2. storage cylinders 3. discharge heads FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 25 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE (ODORLESS, COLORLESS AND INERT) SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS Basic components are 4. control mechanisms - high pressure storage cylinders are connected to the system through a manifold - system is capable of operating independently of electricity or other external power source - the agent itself powers the required discharge and pre-discharge alarm devices in some cases operates pressure switches that requires and ensure ventilation of the space FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 26 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE (ODORLESS, COLORLESS AND INERT) SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS Inspection and maintenance When poorly maintained or neglected CO2 system is notorious for failure or operator failure.  observe operating controls and mechanisms for obstruction or other condition that may interfere with their operation  ensure that nozzles and pipings are not clogged with debris, paint, or lubricants FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 27 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE (ODORLESS, COLORLESS AND INERT) SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS Inspection and maintenance  have a qualified technician or engineer perform an annual inspection to ensure continued operation as designed  heat sensing devices within the space– in addition to the manual capability  total flooding systems used in large spaces on board vessels require manual activation  determining the liquid level by ISOTOPE METHOD or WEIGHING FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 28 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIXED FOAM SYSTEM  used mainly in fighting Class B Fires  foam extinguishes mainly by smothering with some cooling action  generated chemically or mechanically FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 29 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIXED FOAM SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 30 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIXED FOAM SYSTEM  check that the foam making chemical is viable  check that deck monitors operate properly  check that for engine room, the foam outlets and spreaders are clear and the pipes are free from corrosion products Maintenance and Inspection Foam compound samples are being sent to manufacturer to test viability every year FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 31 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE PUMPS  Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general service pump maybe accepted as fire pumps, provided that they are not normally used for pumping oil and that if they are subject to occasional duty for the transfer or pumping of oil fuel, suitable change- over arrangements are fitted. Pumps accepted as fire pumps FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 32 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE PUMPS  in passenger ships of 4,000 gross tonnage and upwards – at least three  in passenger ships of less than 4,000 gross tonnage – at least two  in cargo ships of 1,000 gross tonnage and upwards - at least two Ships shall be provided with independently driven fire pumps as follows:  in cargo ships of less than 1,000 gross tonnage - at least two power–driven pumps one of which shall be independently driven FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 33 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  Each fire pump must be capable of delivering at least two powerful streams of water having at least 12 meters of reach using standard fire hoses and nozzles from the farthest or highest hydrant outlets from the pump. This outlet must be at the opposite ends of the vessel Performance and testing requirement FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 34 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  Cargo vessel – must deliver water simultaneous from two highest outlet at pressure of 3 bar. Performance and testing requirement  Tanker vessel – may require from 5 bar to 15 bar  This requirement is the same for the fire main piping FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 35 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  Must be equipped with relief valve on its discharge side Safety Requirement  set slightly above the pressure necessary to provide the required fire streams  but below the pressure at which the fire main system is designed to withstand  a pressure gauge is also located on the discharge side of the pump FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 36 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  do not close valve while the pump is operating Safety Requirement  do not use a pump that is connected to an oil line as a fire pump • the pump could possibly pump flammable liquid instead water through the fire main • the pump could contaminate the system with oil FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 37 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  place replaceable wear ring or clearance ring in the pump casing to maintain the desired spacing between the hub of the impeller and the casing Maintenance without replacing the Pump  if the hub of the impeller is also worn down, install a smaller wear ring to compensate for the smaller size and maintain the proper clearance FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 38 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  bilge pumps Alternative to main fire pump with water at sufficient pressure  ballast pumps  general service pumps  sanitary pumps  tanks cleaning pumps  cooling pumps  fixed and portable dewatering pumps with eductors FIRE PUMPS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 39 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE MAIN SYSTEM • the piping directs water from the pumps to hydrant outlets at the stations • must be large enough in diameter to distribute the maximum required discharge from two fire pumps operating simultaneously, except that in the case of cargo ships the diameter need only be sufficient for the discharge of 140 m³/hr FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 40 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Single Main (Direct System) Two basic fire main pipe layouts exists  one main pipe running forward and aft usually at main deck level  vertical and horizontal branch lines extend the piping system through the vessel FIRE MAIN SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 41 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • Horizontal Loop System Two basic fire main pipe layouts exists  consist of two parallel main pipes that are connected together at their farthest points forward and aft to form a complete loop  branch piping extends the system to the fire stations  ruptured section of the main pipe can be isolated  isolation valve are sometimes located on the main pipeline forward of each hydrant location to control the flow if a break occurs FIRE MAIN SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 42 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Maintenances of fire main system  equip the system with isolation valves and drain valves so that water in the piping may be drained during cold weather with good trim by the astern  visual inspection for corrosion and rust spots periodically  leaks inspection by running two fire pumps  protect all sections of the fire main system on weather decks against freezing temperature (below 4°C) FIRE MAIN SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 43 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Maintenances of fire main system  must have sufficient spares on board  should be flushed with fresh water to destroy any marine growth  must have an alternative in place during repairs FIRE MAIN SYSTEM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 44 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HYDRANTS  With two pumps simultaneously delivering water through the nozzles with the quantity of water as required, through any adjacent hydrants, the following minimum pressure shall be maintained at all hydrants: for passenger ship: • 4000 gross tonnage and upwards • less than 4000 gross tonnage  0.40 N / mm²  0.30 N / mm² FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 45 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila for cargo ships: • 6000 gross tonnage and upwards • less than 6000 gross tonnage  0.27 N / mm²  0.25 N / mm² FIRE HYDRANTS FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 46 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HOSES AND NOZZLES In interior locations in passenger ships carrying more than 36 passenger, fire hoses shall be connected to the hydrants at all times. Fire hoses shall have a length of at least 10 meters, but not more than: • 15 m in machinery spaces • 20 m in other spaces and open decks • 25 m for open decks or ships with a maximum breadth in excess of 30m FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 47 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HOSES AND NOZZLES • ships shall be provided with fire hoses, the number and diameter of which shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration • fire nozzles sizes shall be 12mm, 16mm and 19mm or as near thereto as possible. For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12mm need not be used. For machinery spaces and exterior locations a nozzle size greater than 19mm need not be used • Nozzle shall be of an approved dual – purpose type (i.e. spray/jet type) incorporating a shut off FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 48 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HOSES AND NOZZLES Maintenances • remove dirt, grease, abrasives, foreign substances • wash with fresh water and mild detergent using soft brush • abrasive cleaners should not be used, as they cut into the outer covering and weaken the hose • do not drag across steel decks, metal decks, it can damage the material permanently • wet hose should not be racked FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 49 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HOSES AND NOZZLES Maintenances • trapped moisture can cause mild dew and rot • cold, heat and seawater tend to weaken the hose • visual periodic inspection for dry rot and other damages • it should be replaced on the rack with the bight folds at different location along its length – prevent deep bends • avoid cuts and abrasions during use • keep adequate spares on board FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 50 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila FIRE HOSE BOXES Normally made of fiberglass fabric or metals Maintenance: • periodic visual inspection • wash with fresh water and soap • normal cracks occur at hinges and locking catch • racks should be checked from freezing, and or paint FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 51 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER All portable fire extinguishers can be carried to the fire area for fast attack Test and inspection • First line of defense against small fires  Requires owners, masters or person in charge to have portable fire extinguishers and semi portable extinguishers tested and inspected “at least once every twelve months”  SOLAS Regulation; weight requirement not less than 9 kg and not more than 13.5 kg FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 52 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 53 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila PORTABLE WATER EXTINGUISHER Water extinguisher : most common size is 9.5 liters • Wetting agent – to reduce the surface tension of the fire, and helps penetrates into the seat of the fire • Cartridge has to be weighed every 3 months against gross weight • 10% loss in weight have to replace • annual hydraulic pressure test as required • With anti freeze – to keep from freezing, when temperature falls below 4°C FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 54 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Visual inspection • rust spots inside/out • seal and pin • fittings • hose and nozzle PORTABLE WATER EXTINGUISHER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 55 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila • depress lever and spring • rubber o-rings • pickup tube • pressure tube PORTABLE WATER EXTINGUISHER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 56 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Visual inspection • inspection for cylinder damage • label and its content  letter/s and international symbol/s  picture symbol (specific instruction to use) • cartridge piercer  rubber o-rings  specific maintenance  how to operate PORTABLE WATER EXTINGUISHER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 57 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Card and its content • date of last inspection • date of next inspection • date of next annual hydraulic test • signature of inspector • date of refill PORTABLE WATER EXTINGUISHER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 58 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Foam compounds • Synthetic concentrate, hydrocarbon surfactant type 3% or 6% by volume and the rest is fresh water FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER • Film forming foam flouro-protein- FFFP – flouride additive a. prevent mixing with hydrocarbon was originally developed for based injection b. good resistance to burnback c. flows easily than protein foam FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 59 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Protein foam FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER a. Long storage lose properties due to oxidation b. Has good resistance to burn back/reignition c. Ability of the foam is to stop bubbling up through it to be reignited above its surface FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 60 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Maintenance: FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER a. With anti freeze – to keep from freezing b. Wetting agent – to reduce the surface tension of the fire, and helps penetrates into the seat of the fire c. Cartridge has to be weigh every 3 months against gross weight d. 10% loss in weight have to replace e. annual hydraulic pressure test as required FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 61 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Visual inspection FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER a. hose and nozzle b. rust spots inside/out c. seal and pin d. fittings e. depress lever and spring f. rubber o-rings g. pickup tube h. pressure tube i. cartridge piercer j. inspection for cylinder damage FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 62 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Label and its content FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER  letter/s and international symbol/s  picture symbol (specific instruction to use)  specific maintenance  how to operate FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 63 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Card and its content FOAM PORTABLE EXTINGUISHER  date of refill  date of last inspection  date of next inspection  date of next annual hydraulic test  signature of inspector FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 64 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Card and its content  date of refill  date of last inspection  date of next inspection  date of next annual hydraulic test  signature of inspector DRY CHEMICAL, PORTABLE FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 67 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila TYPES OF DRY POWDERS  dry powder with sodium chloride based (salt), C02 as propellant  dry powder with sodium carbonate based is intended for sodium fire  the powder maybe scooped from buckets. It forms a crust on the surface of the burning sodium to smother the fire DRY POWDER FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 68 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Stored Pressure portable extinguishers – The propellant gas is mixed in the cylinder. (air) STORED PRESSURE PORTABLE EXTINGUISHERS  Controlled with a squeeze-grip trigger on top of the container  A pressure gauge indicates the condition of the charge  It may be used intermittently, to extend its operational time  monthly shaking and rolling to prevent compaction due to ship’ s vibration FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 69 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila CARBON DIOXIDE CO2  “dry ice” particles may form inside the cylinder when left under extreme hot temperatures  static electricity is produced when released through hose and nozzle  weighing and isotope method  10% lose in weight must be recharge  Liquefied “dry ice” under pressure  should be stowed at temperatures below 54ºC to keep internal pressure at safe level  at about 57ºC the safety valves built are activated at approximately 184 bars to release excess pressure FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 70 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Visual inspection CARBON DIOXIDE (C02)  gauge  hose and nozzle  rust spots outside  seal and pin  fittings  inspection for cylinder damage FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 71 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  label and its content o letter/s and international symbol/s o picture symbol (specific instruction to use) o specific maintenance o signature of inspector o how to operate CARBON DIOXIDE (C02) FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 72 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila  Card and its content o date of refill o date of last inspection o date of next inspection o date of next annual hydraulic test o signature of inspector CARBON DIOXIDE (C02) FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 73 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Chemical reaction foam A and B Compound o The inner tube is filled with aluminum sulfate with water thoroughly diluted o The outer chamber is filled with sodium bicarbonate with water thoroughly diluted o When allowed to mixed together, product is C02 as propellant CHEMICAL REACTION FOAM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 74 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Chemical reaction foam A and B Compound o These solutions are kept separately by a seal on the inner tube o Pressing the plunger will eventually break out the seal o Turning the extinguisher upside down and a little shaking will mix the two compounds o This extinguisher should not be tested before bringing it to the scene of fire CHEMICAL REACTION FOAM FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 75 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Maintenance o annual hydraulic pressure test as required o nozzle o rust spots outside/inside o cover and plunger Visual inspection o O-ring o inspection for cylinder damage CHEMICAL REACTION FOAM Card, label and its content FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 76 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila Servicing and Inspection of firefighter’s outfit and other personal protective equipments o a plan should be available which shows their positions o a schedule should be prepared that shows dates when surveys, inspections, maintenance and testing should be carried out o a record should be kept of defects found and of repairs carried out FIRE FIGHTERS OUTFIT FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 77 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila In addition, the inspection and maintenance schedule should include checking o that all outfits are in their correct stowage positions o that the personal equipment is undamaged and complete o that the battery of the electric safety lamp is fully charged o that the breathing apparatus is ready for use FIRE FIGHTERS OUTFIT FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 78 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila In addition, the inspection and maintenance schedule should include checking o that the compressed air bottles, including all spaces are kept fully charged o that after any use, the breathing apparatus is dismantled and ensure that all parts are clean and all valves are operating properly o that the fireproof lifeline is undamaged FIRE FIGHTERS OUTFIT FEMFI-R-TD-015 Revision No.: 01 Date: 12-05-06 Approved by: CAS Page 79 of 79
    • Far East Maritime Foundation, Inc. Redo II Bldg., Remedios cor, Sn Marcelino Sts. Malate Manila