OT Journey - Abraham, Isaac, Jacob

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Study on Bible - Old Testament cont'd..Abraham, Isaac Jacob

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  • While Abraham was still living in Ur of the Chaldees (in modern Iraq), he was saved by an angel from being sacrificed to a pagan god. it sounds like Terah's devotion to Abraham's God was motivated mostly by hunger, and that he stopped en route. Abraham and the others apparently stayed with him for some time in Haran, but finally Abraham prayed for guidance. The Lord appeared to him and commanded him and his nephew Lot to continue on, adding that Abraham would become a great nation (Abr. 2:6,9). The record states that he left Haran at age 62 (Abr. 2:14).
    Isaac
    Abraham, at age 99 and having only one child Ishmael, who was then 13 years old, must have been content that he had secured the covenant he had sought with the Lord (Abr. 1:2). He probably wasn't expecting much else to happen. Then the Lord surprised him in his old age with an extremely eventful week.
    First, the Lord made a new covenant with Abraham. The Lord changed his name from Abram to Abraham, meaning "father of a multitude" because he would be the father of many nations. The Lord also changed his wife Sarai's name to be Sarah, meaning "Princess" and declared that she would have a son, and that through him many nations and kings would come. The token of this covenant would be circumcision (Gen. 17:1-16). Abraham feared that something might be taken from his beloved son Ishmael, but the Lord assured him that Ishmael would still become a great nation as promised. That has certainly been fulfilled, because to this day the Arab nations are located on and around the Arabian Peninsula, comprising many of the descendants of Ishmael. Then the Lord added what to me as a researcher in calendars is a unique and very strange statement. The Lord then prophesied that Isaac would be born "at this set time in the next year" (Gen. 17:21). www.johnpratt.com


    Ishmael
    More than twenty years after he had left Haran, he was still without child and wondering how the Lord's promise would be fulfilled that he would father many nations, because he was then in his eighties. The Lord appeared to him again, assured him his descendants would be numberless as the stars, and covenanted to give him all the land from the Nile to the Euphrates (Gen. 15:4-18). That is a lot of real estate, centered on the Arabian Peninsula.
    Sarah remained barren. Finally, she gave her handmaid Hagar to Abraham, which led to the birth of his first son, Ishmael, when Abraham was 86 years old (Gen. 16:16). Abraham loved Ishmael and was delighted that finally the covenant could be fulfilled to have numberless descendants.
  • Imbibed the fruits of father’s faith
    God blesses Isaac. Gen 26 and confirms the promise to Abraham. “I’ll bless you and make your children flourish because of my servant Abraham”.
    Isaac also makes the same mistakes of his father. eg. telling Abimelech his wife is his sister…(Gen 26:7-10)
    He has his father’s generosity – instance of well disputes. God prospers him. (Gen 26:17-32)
    He prays for a son when his wife is barren (Gen 25:21)
    He also has a spirit of gratitude and builds an altar when God blesses him. (Gen 26:25)
    He has peaceful relations with neighbours (Gen 26:28-30)
  • Consequences..Being cheated multiple times over by Laban for over 14 years

    The birthright in the Bible honored the rights or privileges of the family’s firstborn son. After the father died, or in the father’s absence, the firstborn son assumed the father’s authority and responsibilities. However, the Bible also shows that the father could rescind the birthright and pass it on to a younger son. A good example of this is the case of Jacob and his twelve sons. Reuben was the eldest, but the birthright was given to Joseph’s sons. Even then, Jacob blessed the younger son, Ephraim, above the elder, Manasseh (Genesis 37:19-22;Genesis 49:1-4;Genesis 49:22-26). In addition to assuming the leadership role in the family, the recipient of the birthright inherited twice that received by the other sons. In cases where a husband might have more than one wife, the birthright always went to the firstborn son of the father and could not be awarded to the son of a favorite wife without proper justification (Deuteronomy 21:15-17) or if the firstborn son’s mother was a concubine or a slave (Genesis 21:9-13;Judges 11:1-2). The birthright of a king’s firstborn son included his succession to the throne (2 Chronicles 21:1-3). King Rehoboam of Judah violated this tradition by passing the birthright to Abijah, his favorite son. However, to avoid trouble with the older sons, the king paid them off (2 Chronicles 11:18-23). As New Testament Christians, we have an inherited “birthright” status through Jesus Christ as the firstborn Son of God (Romans 8:29;Colossians 1:15;Revelation 1:5). As God’s only begotten Son, Jesus received the kingdom from His Father and is Lord of all (Acts 2:36;Philippians 2:9-11;Revelation 19:16). Christ promises to share with us His kingdom and inheritance (Romans 4:13;Galatians 3:29;Ephesians 1:18;Hebrews 1 http://www.gotquestions.org/birthright

  • Consequences..Being cheated multiple times over by Laban for over 14 years

    The birthright in the Bible honored the rights or privileges of the family’s firstborn son. After the father died, or in the father’s absence, the firstborn son assumed the father’s authority and responsibilities. However, the Bible also shows that the father could rescind the birthright and pass it on to a younger son. A good example of this is the case of Jacob and his twelve sons. Reuben was the eldest, but the birthright was given to Joseph’s sons. Even then, Jacob blessed the younger son, Ephraim, above the elder, Manasseh (Genesis 37:19-22;Genesis 49:1-4;Genesis 49:22-26). In addition to assuming the leadership role in the family, the recipient of the birthright inherited twice that received by the other sons. In cases where a husband might have more than one wife, the birthright always went to the firstborn son of the father and could not be awarded to the son of a favorite wife without proper justification (Deuteronomy 21:15-17) or if the firstborn son’s mother was a concubine or a slave (Genesis 21:9-13;Judges 11:1-2). The birthright of a king’s firstborn son included his succession to the throne (2 Chronicles 21:1-3). King Rehoboam of Judah violated this tradition by passing the birthright to Abijah, his favorite son. However, to avoid trouble with the older sons, the king paid them off (2 Chronicles 11:18-23). As New Testament Christians, we have an inherited “birthright” status through Jesus Christ as the firstborn Son of God (Romans 8:29;Colossians 1:15;Revelation 1:5). As God’s only begotten Son, Jesus received the kingdom from His Father and is Lord of all (Acts 2:36;Philippians 2:9-11;Revelation 19:16). Christ promises to share with us His kingdom and inheritance (Romans 4:13;Galatians 3:29;Ephesians 1:18;Hebrews 1 http://www.gotquestions.org/birthright

  • Combination of both..you need to know when to cling and when to let go. ..eg in case of blessing, Jacob should have let go…
  • OT Journey - Abraham, Isaac, Jacob

    1. 1. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 6: Abraham – Soaring Faith GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    2. 2. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Clinging Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
    3. 3. The Patriarchs of Israel • Abraham - Soaring Faith • Isaac - Winging Faith • Jacob - Clinging Faith • Joseph – Unwavering Faith
    4. 4. Abraham – Soaring Faith Objectives To: • Appreciate the consistently growing faith of Abraham • Differentiate between Abraham and Lot’s approach to the same journey • Believe God fulfils His promises
    5. 5. Abraham – Soaring Faith Presentation Overview • Background of Abraham • Abraham’s Journey • Abraham’s Faith Chart – Soaring Faith • Lot’s Faith Chart – Staggering Faith • Abraham vs. Lot – A Common Start, An Opposite Finish • God Fulfils His Promises • Discussion Note: Reference Material is available in the notes section of this presentation
    6. 6. Background of Abraham • Called from Ur of the Chaldees (probably in his sixties). • Went to Haran with his father. Blessed by God. • Answered God’s call on his father’s death at age 75. • Continues to experience God’s providence. • Gives birth to Ishmael in his mid 80s • Finally gives birth to Isaac around the age of 100. • Asked by God to sacrifice his son, Isaac as a test of faith. Gen 12-23
    7. 7. Abraham’s Journey
    8. 8. Video Clip – Waiting… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxPzj_nBolI
    9. 9. Abraham’s Faith chart 1. God calls Abraham 2. Abraham takes his time to respond 3. Abraham moves but in a different direction - towards Haran 4. God confirms his call to Abraham 5. God confirms Abrahams call 6. Abraham and Pharoah 7. Abraham and Lot 8. God confirms Abraham’s descendants Abraham believes 9. Sarah asks Abraham to have son via Hagar 10. God confirms Abraham’s descendants 11. 3 angels confirm Abraham’s descendents 12. Sodom and Gomorrah 13. Abraham and Abimelech 14. Isaac is born 15. Abraham sacrifices Isaac 16. Abraham gets a bride for Isaac While our faith may be erratic, God’s faithfulness is always constant/consistent -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Abrahams Faith God's FaithFulness God's Faithfulness vs. Abraham's faith (not to scale)
    10. 10. Lot – Staggering Faith 1. Lot goes with Abraham 2. Lot claims Sodom and Gomorrah 3. Lot saves angel of God from inmates 4. Lot’s daughters commit incest – Moabites and Ammonites are born 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 Lot's Faith God's FaithFulness God's Faithfulness vs. Lot's Faith (not to scale)
    11. 11. Discussion • What do we learn about God? • What do we learn about faith?
    12. 12. Abraham and Lot – ACommon Start, an Opposite Finish! Abraham Lot Environment Both started out on the same journey Lot could have been a part of Abraham’s great heritage but chose a different path Motive Abraham looked for a city with foundations whose builder and maker was God Lot chose the lush, prosperous plains of Sodom and Gomorrah also rich in sin Leadership Abraham exposes to the family to his faith and maintains the heritage of God. Lot exposes his family to sin and drunkenness destroying them in the process. Growth Abraham quickly corrects his errors and grows Lot repeats his errors and falls Legacy Abraham’s descendents maintain his faith. Lot’s descendents (Moabites and Ammonites) quickly turn away from God.
    13. 13. God Fulfils His Promises • God took 36 years to fulfil his promise. During which time, he: • Led Abraham to the promised land • Built Abraham’s faith • Enlarged Abraham’s territories • Strengthened his equation with neighbours • Prepared Abraham to father the nation of God • Are we ready to wait for the fulfilment of God’s promises? While we are waiting God is working
    14. 14. Activity • As for two volunteers. Blindfold one and ask the other to lead the first on a walk • When walk is done ask feelings of both • Both volunteers share experience • Others talk about how they felt when they surrendered phones • Talk about surrender to God…. • Summarize with importance of surrendering to Lordship of Christ
    15. 15. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 7: Isaac – Winging Faith GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    16. 16. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. From Fall to Flood 4. Noah – Surviving Faith 5. The World in Confusion – Babel 6. Job – Faith under Fire 7. Abraham – Soaring Faith 8. Isaac – Winging Faith 9. Jacob – Clinging Faith 10. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 11. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 12. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 13. Moses – Humbled Faith 14. Israel – Leanness of Soul 15. God’s Commandments
    17. 17. The PatriaRchs of Israel • Abraham - Soaring Faith • Isaac - Winging Faith • Jacob - Clinging Faith • Joseph – Unwavering Faith
    18. 18. Isaac – Winging Faith Objectives To: • Realize the value of what God has entrusted to us and be good stewards • Receive/ propagate the legacy he has given us
    19. 19. Isaac – Winging Faith Presentation Overview Isaac was “winging it” on the faith of his father..we do not see any additional spectacular demonstrations in his faith. • Born by (his father’s) faith • Blessed by (his father’s) faith • Bonded by (his servant’s) faith • Blunders overruled by (God’s) grace • Discussion – Stewards of God’s Grace
    20. 20. Born by (his Father’s) Faith Gained life by faith After decades, the faith child was born. Regained life through fire God gave him life, God has the right to take away. Isaac trusted his father completely and obeyed even through threat of death.
    21. 21. Born by (his Father’s) faith When we receive, to what level are we prepared to obey and give? We are only stewards and not owners of God’s blessings.
    22. 22. Blessed by (his Father’s) faith Inherited his father’s blessings “Abraham was now an old man. God had blessed Abraham in every way” Gen 24 v 1 MSG. Isaac was the sole inheritor of those blessings. “But Abraham gave everything he possessed to Isaac…he gave gifts to the sons he had by concubines…but then sent them away…putting a good distance between them and his son Isaac” Gen 25.
    23. 23. Blessed by (his father’s) Faith Imbibed the fruits of father’s faith  God blesses Isaac “I’ll bless you and make your children flourish because of my servant Abraham”. (Gen 26)  Isaac also makes the same mistakes of his father. (Gen 26:7-10)  He has his father’s generosity eg. well disputes. God prospers him. (Gen 26:17-32)  He prays for a son when his wife is barren (Gen 25:21)  He also has a spirit of gratitude and builds an altar when God blesses him. (Gen 26:25)  He has peaceful relations with neighbours (Gen 26:28-30)
    24. 24. Blessed by (his father’s) Faith The rewards of godliness (and sin) extend beyond an individual to his family to generations.
    25. 25. Video Clip https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLSXLW3cYvE
    26. 26. Overruled by God’s Grace Double blindness • Isaac is physically blind – cannot see his sons • He is spiritually blind in the context of blessing. Though God tells Rebekah that Jacob will rule Esau (Gen 25:23), he plans to give the prime blessing to Esau based on physical appetite.
    27. 27. Overruled by God’s Grace Double reversal of his children’s blessings: • The blessing meant for Jacob was being planned for Esau. • The blessing he thinks he is giving Esau is given to Jacob Rebekah helps Jacob outsmart Esau’s validation strategy God’s choice for the blessing was Jacob, so the reversal was actually God’s plan Did Isaac have the right to decide who the blessing went to? We are only stewards of God’s gifts.
    28. 28. Bonded by (his servant’s) Faith Won his bride Abraham’s servant prays for God’s leading to find a bride for Isaac, a task entrusted by Abraham. Isaac wins a beautiful bride of God’s choice. He is comforted in his mother’s death. Acquired Children by Faith Like his mother, his wife is barren. He prays and gets children by faith. God takes away and God gives …
    29. 29. Stewards of God’s word “This, then, is how you ought to regard us: as servants of Christ and as those entrusted with the mysteries God has revealed. 2 Now it is required that those who have been given a trust must prove faithful.” 1 Cor 4:1,2
    30. 30. Activity • Put papers / post- it’s with people’s names on wall • As team to write under names giftings they see (in others) • Sit in circle – ask each person how they use these giftings • Pray for each others giftings that they will use their gifts for the purpose created.
    31. 31. Stewards of God’s gifts - Discussion • In what instances was Isaac a good steward? • In what instances was Isaac a poor steward? • What were the reasons for poor stewardship? • Fear (with Abimelech) • Flesh (with blessing) • Others? • What challenges do we face with respect to stewardship and how do we overcome them?
    32. 32. Old Testament (OT) Journey Lesson 8: Jacob – Clinging Faith GOD’S TOUCHPOINTS Old Testament Summary The Patriarchal Ages The Judges The Reign of Royalty The Prophetic Era
    33. 33. OT Walkthru- The Patriarchal Ages 1. OT Summary 2. Adam – A Fallen Faith 3. Noah – Surviving Faith 4. The World in Confusion – Babel 5. Job – Faith under Fire 6. Abraham – Soaring Faith 7. Isaac – Winging Faith 8. Jacob – Clinging Faith 9. Joseph – Unwavering Faith 10. God’s Direct Interventions in Genesis 11. God’s Special Interventions in Genesis 12. Moses – Humbled Faith 13. Israel – Leanness of Soul 14. God’s Commandments
    34. 34. The Patriarchs of Israel • Abraham - Soaring faith • Isaac - Winging faith • Jacob - Clinging faith • Joseph – Unwavering faith
    35. 35. Jacob – Clinging Faith Objectives To • Understand Jacob’s strong fundamentals • Be clear on our purpose and direction
    36. 36. Presentation Overview • Jacob’s story - snapshot • Jacob’s fundamentals • What to fight for • When to make peace • Who to cling to • Where he belonged • How to maintain his legacy • Why he was working • Discussion • Reflection Note: Reference Material is available in the notes section of this presentation
    37. 37. Jacob’s Story Fighter Spirit • Fights in the womb • Fights for birthright • Fights for blessing (of father) Flees • Works for Rachel • Works for Rachel again • Works for possessions Returns and reconciles • Fights with God • Fights for blessing (of God) • Fathers the tribes of Israel Settles in Egypt
    38. 38. Jacob’s Fundamentals Jacob knew: • What to fight for • When to make peace • Who to cling to • Where he belonged • How to maintain his legacy • Why he was working
    39. 39. Knew what to Fight for • Fights for birthright (25:31,32) • Fights for blessing (of Father) (27) • Fights for blessing (of God) (32:26)
    40. 40. Knew what to Fight for Jacob crosses the line and twists his father’s arm in the aspect of his blessing. What are the consequences of Jacob cheating Esau of blessing? What are the consequences of Esau despising his birthright?
    41. 41. Knew when to Make Peace • With Esau (Gen 33) • With Laban (31:55)
    42. 42. Knew Who to Cling To • Read Gen 32:22-32 • Jacob clung to God • Sought his name • Sought his blessing • Why did God fight with Jacob and injure him? • Why does He fight with us?
    43. 43. Video Clip:Guidance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xwLvq44Gsk
    44. 44. Knew where he Belonged He flees from Canaan but returns to the land of his legacy 3 Then the LORD said to Jacob, “Go back to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you.’ (Gen 31) He leaves for Egypt but insists that his bones are buried in the promised land 29 Then he gave them these instructions: “I am about to be gathered to my people.Bury me with my fathers (Gen 49)
    45. 45. Knew how to Maintain the Legacy • Joseph maintains his faith in Egypt • Aligned to God even in his old age (48:13) Note: Jacob falls into the pit of favoritism. What are the consequences?
    46. 46. Knew why he was Working • For the woman he loved • In line with his mother’s desire to marry within the community (Gen 28:6,7) His purpose drove him and made his long years appear short (Gen 29:20)
    47. 47. Discussion Contrast the following example of trust with Jacob’s: http://bibletransforms.com/2013/05/the-essence-of-trust/. 1. What do you believe is the ideal trust model – clinging to God or “letting go and letting God”? 2. What are the pro’s and cons of each model? How do we strike a balance? 3. In Ruth 4:11 Rachel and Leah are setup as role models. “... May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah” What would Jacob’s family life have been like? What can we learn?
    48. 48. Reflection • What do we fight for? • When do we make peace? • Who do we cling to? • Where do we belong? • How do we maintain legacy? • Why do we work?
    49. 49. Activity • Divide into two groups • Ask one group to perform a mime in today’s scenario of a person who accepts Christ but gets lured by other attractions of the world. • Ask the second group to mime a life with Christ rejecting other attractions of world and surrendering to Christ (Note for leader: As aids provide blank placards and pens for groups to write words and use as flashcards) Reiterate importance of giving in to Lordship of Christ

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