Masters of Health Informatics Library Intro, 2010

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An intro to library services and collections, researching effectively using PICO, utilizing databases and a brief discussion of grey literature and Refworks.

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  • We’ll be covering more than just what is in the library, and what services we offer, we’ll also talk about how to do your research in the most effective manner and how to take advantage of the tools that we have paid for that help you do your work while at U of T. I’ll also talk about some free resources that you will be able to use in practice (as long as you have access to the internet!)
  • Plus there will be time for you to get practice using the various databases as well as Refworks. There will be a 10 minute break in the middle
  • Databases Refworks Get help Research guides
  • Is the availability of bedside, real-time access to medical information perceived useful for patient care and academic activities by medical residents?
  • Is the availability of bedside, real-time access to medical information perceived useful for patient care and academic activities by medical residents? P medical residents I real-time access to medical info. C no bedside or real-time access to info. O perceived usefulness
  • Make sure that people understand difference between research and search questions. Go back to slide 11 to compare. FOCUS your question so that you are not looking all over for random words and trying to make sense of it all. Is the availability of bedside, real-time access to medical information through smart phone devices perceived useful for patient care and academic activities by medical residents?
  • Familiarize yourself with topic, find synonyms
  • -which databases for similar subjects
  • Medline, Embase
  • Live demo of Pubmed Take Break here?
  • Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline, Pubmed
  • Break after
  • Also goes for other web pages or articles you find online
  • Show demo
  • Can add styles for specific journals
  • Masters of Health Informatics Library Intro, 2010

    1. 1. Improving Your Research Library Introduction for MHI, Sept 2010 Allison Bell Gerstein Library
    2. 2. What We’ll Cover <ul><li>Library Services and Homepage </li></ul><ul><li>Research Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Research Question </li></ul><ul><li>Searching Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Web Sources (incl. Grey lit) </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Refworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write N Cite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refshare </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. http://www.library.utoronto.ca/gerstein/
    4. 4. Find Books and Journals Find all Books and Journals (print and online) Find eJournals (online only)
    5. 5. Key Research Tools
    6. 6. http://guides.library.utoronto.ca/mhi2001
    7. 7. Research Steps in a Nutshell <ul><li>Understand assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Determine information need </li></ul><ul><li>Create/identify search question </li></ul><ul><li>Find relevant sources </li></ul><ul><li>Search sources </li></ul><ul><li>Compile results of research </li></ul>
    8. 8. Assignment Information Need Sources Readings/Lectures Preparation or studying <ul><li>background info </li></ul><ul><li>related articles </li></ul><ul><li>broad overviews </li></ul><ul><li>textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>related articles </li></ul><ul><li>wikipedia (!) </li></ul>Statistical Analysis, RFPs, Case Studies <ul><li>other examples </li></ul><ul><li>background info </li></ul><ul><li>reports </li></ul><ul><li>systematic reviews </li></ul><ul><li>databases </li></ul><ul><li>Google/G. Scholar </li></ul><ul><li>Cochrane </li></ul>Essays <ul><li>clear understanding of topic </li></ul><ul><li>articles/evidence </li></ul><ul><li>textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>databases </li></ul><ul><li>trusted web </li></ul>
    9. 9. Formulate a Research Question <ul><li>Good questions will: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a clear focus for your research </li></ul><ul><li>Give you some idea of where to look for information </li></ul><ul><li>Give you search concepts and terms </li></ul>
    10. 10. Essay Assignment (sample) <ul><li>Is the availability of bedside, real-time access to medical information through smart phone devices perceived useful for patient care and academic activities by medical residents? </li></ul><ul><li>from: Evidence-based medicine among internal medicine residents in a community hospital program using smart phones” Sergio A León, et al. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2007, 7:5doi:10.1186/1472-6947-7-5 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6947/7/5/ </li></ul>
    11. 11. PICO – What? <ul><li>P atient or P opulation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who? Describe characteristics. e.g. gender, age, ethnicity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>I ntervention </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Action perpetrated on or by the population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>C omparison </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NO intervention or ANOTHER intervention </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>O utcome </li></ul>
    12. 12. PICO Framework P medical residents I real-time access to medical info. through smart phones C no bedside or real-time access to info. O perceived usefulness
    13. 13. Searching based on PICO <ul><li>TIPS: </li></ul><ul><li>Capture most important elements in your search </li></ul><ul><li>Leave out comparison &/or outcome, if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms (create worksheet) </li></ul>
    14. 14. P I C O medical resident(s) OR Smart phone OR n/a Perception(s) OR residency OR Cell phone OR Enhanced patient care OR resident physician(s) Mobile phone Academic success
    15. 15. Search Question <ul><li>Focused question, based on your PICO: </li></ul><ul><li>Do smart phones enhance patient care and/or academic activities when utilized by medical residents? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Finding Background Info. <ul><li>Best Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>Textbooks & eBooks </li></ul><ul><li>in the Library catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Google Books </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>
    17. 17. Start Your Research <ul><li>Quick search of Cochrane and Pubmed for systematic reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure your topic has not already been done, and get ideas for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>search strategies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>relevant subject headings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Find Systematic Reviews <ul><li>Pubmed: </li></ul>Click Clinical Queries
    19. 19. Find Systematic Reviews <ul><li>Cochrane: </li></ul>TIP: Try one word/phrase first, then add more if necessary
    20. 20. Choose Appropriate Databases <ul><li>Choose based on content </li></ul><ul><li>and interface </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of U of T paid </li></ul><ul><li>resources while you are here! </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarize yourself with </li></ul><ul><li>free resources </li></ul>
    21. 21. UT Resources - Health <ul><li>Medline </li></ul><ul><li>Embase </li></ul><ul><li>Healthstar </li></ul><ul><li>Cochrane (Systematic reviews) </li></ul>
    22. 22. UT Resources – MultiDis. <ul><li>Scholars Portal </li></ul><ul><li>Web of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Scopus </li></ul>
    23. 23. UT Resources– Business/News <ul><li>ABI/Inform Global </li></ul><ul><li>Business Source Premier </li></ul><ul><li>CBCA Complete </li></ul><ul><li>CPI.Q </li></ul>
    24. 24. Free Resources <ul><li>Pubmed </li></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>
    25. 25. Database/ Web Search Tips <ul><li>When searching the web, or a database like Scopus, use these tips to find more relevant results: </li></ul>
    26. 26. Search Tips AND/ OR AND different concepts OR synonyms doctors AND communication AND (cell phone OR mobile phone OR smart phone) “ ” Group words together as a phrase (doctors OR hospitals) AND &quot;decision support systems&quot; * Different endings to a word doctor* will find doctor, doctors, doctorate
    27. 27. Searching Ovid DBs <ul><li>Best Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One concept at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map terms to subject headings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus and Explode </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Keywords when no good MeSH terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine terms with booleans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit/Filter results </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Searching Pubmed <ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know the ‘details’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple search and MeSH database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search history / Advanced search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Queries & Filter Table </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals database (abbreviations) </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Finding Full Text Articles <ul><li>Look for: </li></ul>
    30. 30. Ready, Set, Research! <ul><li>Find a partner </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a database/subject card </li></ul><ul><li>Use 2 databases on the card to find articles on your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Research! 15 mins </li></ul>
    31. 31. Grey Literature <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How to find it </li></ul>
    32. 32. What is Grey Literature? <ul><li>Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry… </li></ul><ul><li>in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing… </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body. </li></ul><ul><li>GreyNet </li></ul>
    33. 33. Grey Lit – What? <ul><li>Government documents and reports </li></ul><ul><li>Also, </li></ul><ul><li>Theses and Dissertations </li></ul><ul><li>Annual reports </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings/abstracts/papers </li></ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul>
    34. 34. Grey Lit - Where? <ul><li>Government/Ministry websites </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper and Magazine articles </li></ul><ul><li>Government documents in print </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robarts Library, 4th Floor Reference area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google and Google Scholar </li></ul><ul><li>MHI2001 Research Guide </li></ul>Some types of material findable online:
    35. 35. Chasing Grey Lit <ul><li>Examine ref lists of the relevant articles and reports that you find </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for relevant ‘grey lit’ they cite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay attention to author affiliations to agencies– it’s evidence that you should check for other reports by those agencies. </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. Critical Appraisal of Grey Lit. <ul><li>Online: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date/Last modified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wacko factor/ Malicious intent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bias: Financial/ political interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal or group interests/beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Books/Reports: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date published </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bias (author and/or publisher) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer Reviewed or not </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul>
    38. 39. Refworks from Ovid 1. 4. 3. 2.
    39. 40. Refworks from Pubmed Download as text file and import into Refworks 3. 2. 1. 4.
    40. 41. Import File
    41. 42. <ul><li>Choose Data Source: NLM Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>Database: MEDLINE/PubMed </li></ul>
    42. 43. Activity <ul><li>Go into one of Medline, Scopus </li></ul><ul><li>Do a quick search </li></ul><ul><li>Import one article citation into Refworks </li></ul>
    43. 44. Add a Citation Style <ul><li>Click on Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Choose ‘Access Output Style Manager’ </li></ul><ul><li>Choose Output style </li></ul><ul><li>Add to Favourites </li></ul>
    44. 45. Advanced Refworks <ul><li>Write N Cite </li></ul><ul><li>RefGrabIt </li></ul><ul><li>Ref Share </li></ul>
    45. 46. Need Help? <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Library: http://gerstein.library.utoronto.ca/research/ask-gerstein </li></ul>

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