Grammar book 2007

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Grammar book 2007

  1. 1. Table of Contents Ser- Doctor Ped  Tú commands Que vs. Cual  Affirmative Estar- Helping  Negative Gustar  Irregulars Transitions  DOP placement Imperfect  Preterite Triggers Acabar de + inf Hacer Expressions Verbos Gustar Reflexives
  2. 2. Que vs. CualQue Cual•Used when asking for definitions •Usually used before “es” and other Ser forms when not seeking a definition•Used mostly before nouns•Singular and plural form and the same
  3. 3. -Soy -EresSer -Es -Son -SomosD ESCRIPTIONS -Sois Que es? ORIGIN De donde eres? Soy de ______. CHARACTERISTICS Como es? TIME Que hora es? OCCUPATION Que hace? RELATIONSHIPS Quien es? POSSESIONS De quien es? EVENTS Cuando/donde es? DATES Que dia es hoy?
  4. 4. Estar- HELPING Health  Como estas?  Bien, mal, regular, enfermo, enferma Emotions  Como estas?  Enojado, triste, cansado, emocionado Location  Donde estas?  En: la casa, la oficina, la escuela Present Condition  Como esta?  Abierto, cerrado, verde, maduro ING  Que estas haciendo?  Jugando, estudiano, cantando, leyendo
  5. 5. Gustar Me gusta- it pleases me Te gusta- it pleases you Le gusta- it pleases him/her/you Nos gusta- it pleases us Os gusta- it pleases y’all Les gusta- it pleases them/you
  6. 6. Transition Words Tambien- also Primero- first Segundo- second Finally- finalmente Lastly- por último
  7. 7. ImperfectIr Ser Ver•Iba •Era •Veía•Ibas •Eras •Veías•Iba •Era •Veía•Íbamos •Éramos •Veíamos•Ibais •Erais •Veíais•Iban •Eran •Veían
  8. 8. Triggers Todos los días- everyday A menudo- often A veces- sometimes Siempre- always Cada día- daily Los lunes- Mondays Generalmente- generally Mientras- as De vez en cuando- occacionally Muchas veces- often Frecuentemente- Frequentley
  9. 9. Acabar+ De+ infinitive Acabo de Acabas de Acaba de Acabamos de Acaban de- Ex. Acabo de comer unas hamburguesas y me duele es estómago.
  10. 10. Hacer Expressions Hace + time + que + conjugated verb  How much time you have been doing something.  Ex. Hace trienta y cinco minutos que Paula espera el autobús. Hay + que + infinitive  What needs to be done or what must be  Ex. Hay que estudiar para sacar buenos notas. Se prohibe + infinitive Se permite + infinitive  Ex. Se prohibe fumar. Ir + a + infinitive  What someone is going to do  Conjugate Ir and leave what they are going to do in infinitive form
  11. 11. Verbos Como Gustan -Fascinar  To be fascinating to -Faltar  To be missing -Encantar  To “love” something -Importar  To be important to -Interesar  To be interesting to -Doler  To hurt
  12. 12. Reflexivos Reflexive verbs indicate that the subject of the sentence has performed an action on itself. When looking them up in the dictionary, they will always end in “arse”, “irse”, or “erse.” Reflexive Pronoun Conjugation Me Me peino. Te Te peinas. Se Se peina. Nos Nos peinamos. Os Os peináis Se Se peinen.
  13. 13. Tú Commands Affirmative Negative Affirmative: Do ____. Di No digas  Drop the “s” Haz No hagas  Habla- Speak! Ve No vayas Negative: Do not ____.  Change to first person (como) Pon No pongas  Add an “e” if an –ar verb and Sal No salgas add an “a” if it is an –ir/er verb. Sé No seas  Don’t eat it = No lo comas. Ten No tengas  It= lo Ven No vengas Irregular:
  14. 14. Me Las Te Los LoDOP Placement Os La Nos There are 3 ways to attach DOPs at the end.  Infinitives  Voy a comerlo or I am going to eat it.  Affirmative Commands  Cómelo of Eat it.  You accent the third to last syllable so that the pronunciation stays the same. This is why the o has an accent mark.  Present Progressive  Estoy comiéndolo or I will eat it.  Me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las
  15. 15. Pretérito Past tense. “Snapshot in time.” Beginning and/or ending. Completed action.AR ER/IR-é -í-aste -iste-ó -ió-amos -imos-aron -ieron

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