Week 3 art 110 11


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Week 3 art 110 11

  1. 1. ANCIENT ART HISTORY SURVEY, WEEK 3 Remember, Week 2 was a holiday, so there was no “Week 2” handoutNOTE: The attached sheets are intended to provide you with the names, associations, andattributes for some commonly depicted Egyptian deities. While I hope that it will help you instudying, I certainly do not expect you to know all of them. I have included more than I wouldexpect you to know, and more than we will see in this class, because I wanted something thatcould also be a guide if you look at Egyptian Art outside of class.Names and terms: Neolithic, Catal Huyuk, megalithic, monolith, trilith, post and lintel, dolmen,cairn, menhir, alignment, cromlech, henge, heelstone, sarsen stones, Egypt (Upper and Lower),Nile, canon of proportions, hierarchic scale, dynasties, Old/Middle/New Kingdoms, Narmer,pharaoh, iconography, registers, Horus, Ren, cartouche, shwt, akh, ka, ankh, ab (ib), Anubis,Ammit, Ma’at, Osiris, khet, canopic jars, natron, Opening of the Mouth, shwabty figures, mastabaPossible essay questions:--Explain the iconography and meaning of the Palette of King Narmer. What are some of thecharacteristics which make it typical of later Egyptian art? Name some commonly depictedEgyptian deities; what were some of their distinctive attributes?--Discuss the importance of mummification in ancient Egypt; what were some of the aspects of aperson’s being which needed to be preserved to obtain eternal life? Explain something about themummification process.Images from the book:Stonhenge, c.2000 BC, page 14Palette of King Narmer, c.3000 BC, page, 41Statue of Khafre (KA statue), c.2500 BC, page 48Judgment of Hu-Nefer (page from "The Book of the Dead"), c.1300 BC, page 62
  2. 2. A GENERAL GUIDE TO SOME COMMON EGYPTIAN DEITIES (Note: this is intended as a rough guide; depictions of divinities could change over time and also according to geographic location)Name Associated with Typical attributesAMUN; the sun; creation; fertility double-plumed crown; sometimes shown with theAMUN-RE head of a ram (especially in Thebes)ANUBIS death and the underworld jackyl-headed man, or simply as a jackylBASTET or cats; Re (considered his shown as a cat or cat-headed womanBAST daughter); the moon; the city of BubastisHATHOR mother or wife of both shown as a cow or a woman with bovine attributes Horus and the king; women, motherhood, and female sexuality; joy, music, and happinessHORUS monarchy falcon-headed man, or simply shown as a falcon; often shown wearing a royal headdressISIS Osiris (his wife); long, sheath dress; sometimes crowned with horns resurrection and protection and the solar disk; sometimes shown with winged of the dead; magic armsKHNUM the Nile River; the ram-headed man creation of lifeNEKHBET Upper Egypt (WADJET, shown as a vulture the cobra, was associated with Lower Egypt)NUT the sky body extended over the ground as the canopy of the skyOSIRIS death, the underworld, and crook, flail, and feathered crown; sometimes rebirth mummiform; often dark-skinnedPTAH craftsmanship and creation; scepter and tight-fitting skull cap; often the city of Memphis mummiform or dark-skinnedRE or RA; the sun; king of the the sun; often shown as a falcon-headed manRE- heavens; creation; father topped with a solar disk encircled by a cobraHORKATHY of the kingSEKHMET the military and warfare; shown as a lion-headed woman power and destructionSETH violence, chaos, confusion; head of an animal with a curved face and squared strength and cunning earsSOBEK procreative and vegetative shown as a crocodile or crocodile-headed man
  3. 3. fertility; water, rivers, and marshes TAWERET household deity; fertility; bulbous female anatomy and the head of a childbirth hippopotamusTHOTH writing, knowledge and shown as an ibis or an ibis-headed man; sometimes scholars; the moon shown as a baboon HORUS ANUBIS SEKHMET SETH