Review Presentation 7

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FIDM Art History 1 class 7 review

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Review Presentation 7

  1. 1. Mosaic (from Pella, Macedonia) TESSERAE: The individual chips in a mosaic
  2. 2. Ephesus
  3. 3. Pergamon: Acropolis—ALTAR OF ZEUS Giants: Primeval, cthonic monsters “ Gigantomachy”
  4. 4. Pergamon: ASCLEPION Asclepius: Healing god
  5. 5. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>Still standing </li></ul>
  6. 6. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>King Nebuchadnezzar II </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed—date unknown </li></ul><ul><li>No trace has ever been found </li></ul>
  7. 7. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>Move to Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed in a fire—462 AD </li></ul>
  8. 8. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed by 1522 AD </li></ul><ul><li>after the Knights of St. </li></ul><ul><li>John use the stones to </li></ul><ul><li>build their fortress. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Destroyed—Christians, 401 AD SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD: TEMPLE of ARTEMIS at EPHESUS
  10. 10. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS </li></ul><ul><li>at EPHESUS </li></ul><ul><li>6. THE COLOSSUS of </li></ul><ul><li>RHODES </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed—sold as scrap by </li></ul><ul><li>Arab merchants 654 AD </li></ul>
  11. 11. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS </li></ul><ul><li>at EPHESUS </li></ul><ul><li>6. THE COLOSSUS of </li></ul><ul><li>RHODES </li></ul><ul><li>7. THE LIGHTHOUSE of </li></ul><ul><li>ALEXANDRIA </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed by Sultan in 1480 AD; stone used for fortifications </li></ul>
  12. 12. ETRUSCANS: Cental Italy, Tuscany (Etruria) 
  13. 13. Apollo of Veii sculpted by Vulca of Veii? Etruscan sculpture
  14. 14. Rome
  15. 15. VERISTIC (Topographical) Blunt, unidealized portraits, intended to convey Republican virtues through physiognomy (the study of the face): --seriousness --experience --loyalty --determination Rome: Republican-era sculpture
  16. 16. BATTLE OF ACTIUM (31 BC) Naval Battle, Ionian Sea Octavian vs. combined forces of Marc Antony and Cleopatra (Egyptian Ptolomeic Queen) Octavian: adopted son of Julius Caesar Caesarion: son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra; Marc Antony, aligned with Cleopatra, tried to promote Caesarion as the true heir of Caesar
  17. 17. 27 BC: AUGUSTUS (“Supreme Ruler”) Roman Empire
  18. 18. Octavian Augustus Octavian: Changes his name to Augustus
  19. 19. Greek idealism: generic (the perfectibility of human nature) Roman idealism: specific (highly propagandistic) Rome: Imperial sculpture Greece: Doryphoros Rome: Augustus
  20. 20. Rome: Imperial sculpture Augustus of Prima Porta
  21. 21. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Ideal: generic idea Ideal: specific individual
  22. 22. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Cupid: Son of Venus; father of Aeneas  Dolphin: Symbol of Venus; born from the sea  Julio-Claudian line: Claimed to be descended from Aeneas
  23. 23. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Parthian  Standard Roman soldier 
  24. 24. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Caelus: canopy of the sky  Moon: descending Sun: ascending  Apollo: sun   Diana: moon Mother Earth figure with  cornucopia (horn of plenty): Wealth and bounty of the new age that is dawning
  25. 25. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass) Return of standards signifies the dawn of a new era under of pride and patriotism under Augustus, which will lead to Roman prosperity.
  26. 26. Ara Pacis Augustae Ara: altar Pacis: peace Augustae: Augustan “ The Altar of Augustan Peace” Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  27. 27. Context: CAMPUS MARTIUS Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  28. 28. Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS  Aeneas Shrine   Sow
  29. 29. Peace and bounty carried over earth and sea, blown by wind and carried by waters to four corners of the earth + Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS

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