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  • 1. Mosaic (from Pella, Macedonia) TESSERAE: The individual chips in a mosaic
  • 2. Ephesus
  • 3. Pergamon: Acropolis—ALTAR OF ZEUS Giants: Primeval, cthonic monsters “ Gigantomachy”
  • 4. Pergamon: ASCLEPION Asclepius: Healing god
  • 5. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • Still standing
  • 6. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • 2. HANGING GARDENS
    • of BABYLON
    • King Nebuchadnezzar II
    • Destroyed—date unknown
    • No trace has ever been found
  • 7. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • 2. HANGING GARDENS
    • of BABYLON
    • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
    • at OLYMPIA
    • Move to Constantinople
    • Destroyed in a fire—462 AD
  • 8. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • 2. HANGING GARDENS
    • of BABYLON
    • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
    • at OLYMPIA
    • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
    • (of MAUSOLUS)
    • Destroyed by 1522 AD
    • after the Knights of St.
    • John use the stones to
    • build their fortress.
  • 9. Destroyed—Christians, 401 AD SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD: TEMPLE of ARTEMIS at EPHESUS
  • 10. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • 2. HANGING GARDENS
    • of BABYLON
    • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
    • at OLYMPIA
    • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
    • (of MAUSOLUS)
    • 5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS
    • at EPHESUS
    • 6. THE COLOSSUS of
    • RHODES
    • Destroyed—sold as scrap by
    • Arab merchants 654 AD
  • 11. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
    • GREAT PYRAMID(S?)
    • of EGYPT
    • 2. HANGING GARDENS
    • of BABYLON
    • 3. STATUE OF ZEUS
    • at OLYMPIA
    • 4. THE MAUSOLEUM
    • (of MAUSOLUS)
    • 5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS
    • at EPHESUS
    • 6. THE COLOSSUS of
    • RHODES
    • 7. THE LIGHTHOUSE of
    • ALEXANDRIA
    • Destroyed by Sultan in 1480 AD; stone used for fortifications
  • 12. ETRUSCANS: Cental Italy, Tuscany (Etruria) 
  • 13. Apollo of Veii sculpted by Vulca of Veii? Etruscan sculpture
  • 14. Rome
  • 15. VERISTIC (Topographical) Blunt, unidealized portraits, intended to convey Republican virtues through physiognomy (the study of the face): --seriousness --experience --loyalty --determination Rome: Republican-era sculpture
  • 16. BATTLE OF ACTIUM (31 BC) Naval Battle, Ionian Sea Octavian vs. combined forces of Marc Antony and Cleopatra (Egyptian Ptolomeic Queen) Octavian: adopted son of Julius Caesar Caesarion: son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra; Marc Antony, aligned with Cleopatra, tried to promote Caesarion as the true heir of Caesar
  • 17. 27 BC: AUGUSTUS (“Supreme Ruler”) Roman Empire
  • 18. Octavian Augustus Octavian: Changes his name to Augustus
  • 19. Greek idealism: generic (the perfectibility of human nature) Roman idealism: specific (highly propagandistic) Rome: Imperial sculpture Greece: Doryphoros Rome: Augustus
  • 20. Rome: Imperial sculpture Augustus of Prima Porta
  • 21. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Ideal: generic idea Ideal: specific individual
  • 22. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Cupid: Son of Venus; father of Aeneas  Dolphin: Symbol of Venus; born from the sea  Julio-Claudian line: Claimed to be descended from Aeneas
  • 23. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Parthian  Standard Roman soldier 
  • 24. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Caelus: canopy of the sky  Moon: descending Sun: ascending  Apollo: sun   Diana: moon Mother Earth figure with  cornucopia (horn of plenty): Wealth and bounty of the new age that is dawning
  • 25. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass) Return of standards signifies the dawn of a new era under of pride and patriotism under Augustus, which will lead to Roman prosperity.
  • 26. Ara Pacis Augustae Ara: altar Pacis: peace Augustae: Augustan “ The Altar of Augustan Peace” Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  • 27. Context: CAMPUS MARTIUS Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  • 28. Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS  Aeneas Shrine   Sow
  • 29. Peace and bounty carried over earth and sea, blown by wind and carried by waters to four corners of the earth + Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS