Review for final exam winter 2011

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Review for final exam winter 2011

  1. 1. FIDM ART HISTORY 1 (SURVERY OF WESTERN ART 1)—SAMPLE REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR FINAL EXAM Note: these are in a random order. Again, the questions on the test will be in a multiple choice format, so if you can handle these are free answer questions, you should have no problem on the test. For help with possible essay questions, you should look through the ppt review presentations for the various topics we have studied in class.
  2. 2. The chi rho was an important and prominent symbol for early adherents to what religion?
  3. 3. The chi rho was an important and prominent symbol for early adherents to what religion? CHRISTIANITY
  4. 4. What is the name of this building, and where is it located?
  5. 5. What is the name of this building, and where is it located? PARTHENON; ATHENS IMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON THIS BUILDING, ITS OPTICAL REFINEMENTS, ETC.—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  6. 6. The “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original name of what famous Roman building?
  7. 7. The “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original name of what famous Roman building? THE COLOSSEUM (based on the family name of Vespasian, Flavius)
  8. 8. What is this building? Where is it located? Who is most responsible for its construction?
  9. 9. What is this building? Where is it located? Who is most responsible for its construction? COLOSSEUM; ROME; VESPASIAN IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION WHICH INVOLVES VESPASIAN AND THIS BUILDING. PLEASE SEE THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS TO HELP YOU ANSWER IT.
  10. 10. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in this Italian city.
  11. 11. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in this Italian city. RAVENNA
  12. 12. This capital is in what Greek architectural order?
  13. 13. This capital is in what Greek architectural order? CORINTHIAN (note the Acanthus leaves in the capital) Can you tell the difference between the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders? You may want to look them up—there are easily discernible differences (no base on the Doric, volutes in the Ionic, etc., etc.)
  14. 14. What was the subject of the Parthenon frieze?
  15. 15. What was the subject of the Parthenon frieze? THE PANATHENAIC PROCESSION
  16. 16. What is the name of this building? Where is it located? Under which emperor was it built?
  17. 17. What is the name of this building? Where is it located? Under which emperor was it built? PANTHEON; ROME; HADRIAN
  18. 18. What was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of the World?”
  19. 19. What was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of the World?” GREAT PYRAMIDS AT GIZEH, EGYPT IMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION INVOLVING THE TOPIC OF THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  20. 20. Some of the best surviving early Christian icons are found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in what country?
  21. 21. Some of the best surviving early Christian icons are found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in what country? EGYPT (SINAI)
  22. 22. What is iconoclasm? Which of the Ten Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm?
  23. 23. What is iconoclasm? Which of the Ten Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm? THE DESTRUCTION OF SACRED IMAGES; 2 ND COMMANDMENT REMEMBER: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ABOUT ICONOCLASM, ICONOCLASTIC CONTROVERSY— PLEASE CONSULT THE ONLINE PPT REVIEW FOR SOME IDEAS ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT AN ANSWER.
  24. 24. This church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, was the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
  25. 25. This church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, was the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary. SANTA MARIA MAGGIORE
  26. 26. A typical attribute for which popular Christian female saint is an ointment jar?
  27. 27. A typical attribute for which popular Christian female saint is an ointment jar? MARY MAGDALENE
  28. 28. This popular Christian saint is often shown with keys as an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whom his keys symbolize the basis for papal power.
  29. 29. This popular Christian saint is often shown with keys as an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whom his keys symbolize the basis for papal power. ST. PETER
  30. 30. Encaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigment is mixed with what?
  31. 31. Encaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigment is mixed with what? WAX
  32. 32. Important Early Christian art is found in these underground burial sites, which were particularly prominent around Rome.
  33. 33. Important Early Christian art is found in these underground burial sites, which were particularly prominent around Rome. CATACOMBS IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON EARLY CHRISTIAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE — PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT YOUR ANSWER.
  34. 34. The main body of a basilica is called what? What is an apse?
  35. 35. The main body of a basilica is called what? What is an apse? NAVE; ROUNDED SECTION WHERE AN ALTAR IS PLACED
  36. 36. Iconoclasm was particularly prominent under which Christian emperor?
  37. 37. Iconoclasm was particularly prominent under which Christian emperor? LEO III
  38. 38. “ Orantes” figures were common in the early art of which religion?
  39. 39. “ Orantes” figures were common in the early art of which religion? CHRISTIANITY
  40. 40. Roman painting best survives at this ancient city, which was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano Mt. Vesuvius.
  41. 41. Roman painting best survives at this ancient city, which was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano Mt. Vesuvius. POMPEII
  42. 42. The Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’s villa, in the town of Tivoli.
  43. 43. The Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’s villa, in the town of Tivoli. HADRIAN
  44. 44. Who was the sculptor of the famous Aphrodite of the island of Knidos?
  45. 45. Who was the sculptor of the famous Aphrodite of the island of Knidos? PRAXITILES
  46. 46. Phidias, who worked as a sculptor at the Parthenon, was exiled from Athens, but went to Olympia where he created which of the Seven Wonders of the World?
  47. 47. Phidias, who worked as a sculptor at the Parthenon, was exiled from Athens, but went to Olympia where he created which of the Seven Wonders of the World? STATUE OF ZEUS at the TEMPLE OF ZEUS IN OLYMPIA
  48. 48. This French term refers to paintings which are intended to be realistic enough to “fool the eye.”
  49. 49. This French term refers to paintings which are intended to be realistic enough to “fool the eye.” “ TROMPLE L’OEIL”
  50. 50. The Domus Aurea was the residence of which nefarious Roman emperor?
  51. 51. The Domus Aurea was the residence of which nefarious Roman emperor? NERO
  52. 52. Who is the famous vandal who destroyed the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus?
  53. 53. Who is the famous vandal who destroyed the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus? HEROSTRATUS
  54. 54. Augustus erected this altar to peace in the Campus Martius.
  55. 55. Augustus erected this altar to peace in the Campus Martius. ARA PACIS (AUGUSTAE)
  56. 56. Who was the personal sculptor of Alexander the Great?
  57. 57. Who was the personal sculptor of Alexander the Great? LYSIPPOS
  58. 58. This is a statue of whom?
  59. 59. This is a statue of whom? AUGUSTUS (AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA) IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON AUGUSTAN PROPAGANDA (THIS STATUE, THE ARA PACIS, ETC.)—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEA ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  60. 60. Who were the architects of the Parthenon?
  61. 61. Who were the architects of the Parthenon? IKTINOS AND KALLIKRATES
  62. 62. Pericles was the most important political leader of the “ classical age” of what Greek city, and he was a major force in the what important architectural project there?
  63. 63. Pericles was the most important political leader of the “ classical age” of what Greek city, and he was a major force in the what important architectural project there? ATHENS; THE REBUILDING OF THE ACROPOLIS, INCLUDING THE PARTHENON
  64. 64. What is the name of this building? Where is it located?
  65. 65. What is the name of this building? Where is it located? HAGIA SOPHIA; ISTANBUL (CONSTANTINOPLE)
  66. 66. This Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy from Ravenna, and was an important patron of the arts there during his reign—among his construction was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo.
  67. 67. This Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy from Ravenna, and was an important patron of the arts there during his reign—among his construction was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo. THEODORIC

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