Review for final exam

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Review for final exam

  1. 1. FIDM ART HISTORY 1 (SURVERY OF WESTERNFIDM ART HISTORY 1 (SURVERY OF WESTERN ART 1)—SAMPLE REVIEW QUESTIONS FORART 1)—SAMPLE REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR FINAL EXAMFINAL EXAM Note: these are in a random order. Again, theNote: these are in a random order. Again, the questions on the test will be in a multiple choicequestions on the test will be in a multiple choice format, so if you can handle these are free answerformat, so if you can handle these are free answer questions, you should have no problem on thequestions, you should have no problem on the test. For help with possible essay questions, youtest. For help with possible essay questions, you should look through the ppt review presentationsshould look through the ppt review presentations for the various topics we have studied in class.for the various topics we have studied in class.
  2. 2. The chi rho was an important and prominent symbolThe chi rho was an important and prominent symbol for early adherents to what religion?for early adherents to what religion?
  3. 3. The chi rho was an important and prominent symbolThe chi rho was an important and prominent symbol for early adherents to what religion?for early adherents to what religion? CHRISTIANITYCHRISTIANITY
  4. 4. What is the name of this building, and where is itWhat is the name of this building, and where is it located?located?
  5. 5. What is the name of this building, and where is itWhat is the name of this building, and where is it located?located? PARTHENON; ATHENSPARTHENON; ATHENS IMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAYIMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON THIS BUILDING, ITS OPTICALQUESTION ON THIS BUILDING, ITS OPTICAL REFINEMENTS, ETC.—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPTREFINEMENTS, ETC.—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  6. 6. The “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original nameThe “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original name of what famous Roman building?of what famous Roman building?
  7. 7. The “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original nameThe “Flavian Ampitheater” was the original name of what famous Roman building?of what famous Roman building? THE COLOSSEUM (based on the family name ofTHE COLOSSEUM (based on the family name of Vespasian, Flavius)Vespasian, Flavius)
  8. 8. What is this building? Where is it located? WhoWhat is this building? Where is it located? Who is most responsible for its construction?is most responsible for its construction?
  9. 9. What is this building? Where is it located? WhoWhat is this building? Where is it located? Who is most responsible for its construction?is most responsible for its construction? COLOSSEUM; ROME; VESPASIANCOLOSSEUM; ROME; VESPASIAN IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION WHICHIMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION WHICH INVOLVES VESPASIAN AND THIS BUILDING. PLEASEINVOLVES VESPASIAN AND THIS BUILDING. PLEASE SEE THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS TO HELP YOUSEE THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS TO HELP YOU ANSWER IT.ANSWER IT.
  10. 10. Who sculpted the Doryphoros?Who sculpted the Doryphoros?
  11. 11. Who sculpted the Doryphoros?Who sculpted the Doryphoros? POLYKLEITOSPOLYKLEITOS
  12. 12. Flying buttresses, pointed arches, ribbed vaults,Flying buttresses, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and stained glass are all characteristics of whatand stained glass are all characteristics of what style of architecture?style of architecture?
  13. 13. Flying buttresses, pointed arches, ribbed vaults,Flying buttresses, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and stained glass are all characteristics of whatand stained glass are all characteristics of what style of architecture?style of architecture? GOTHICGOTHIC IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ONIMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE—I ADVISE YOU TOGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE—I ADVISE YOU TO CONSULT THE ONLINE PPT REVIEW FOR SOMECONSULT THE ONLINE PPT REVIEW FOR SOME IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER THAT QUESTION.IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER THAT QUESTION.
  14. 14. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in thisThe Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in this Italian city.Italian city.
  15. 15. The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in thisThe Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is located in this Italian city.Italian city. RAVENNARAVENNA
  16. 16. This capital is in what Greek architectural order?This capital is in what Greek architectural order?
  17. 17. This capital is in what Greek architectural order?This capital is in what Greek architectural order? CORINTHIAN (note the Acanthus leaves in the capital)CORINTHIAN (note the Acanthus leaves in the capital) Can you tell the difference between the Doric, Ionic,Can you tell the difference between the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders? You may want to look themand Corinthian orders? You may want to look them up—there are easily discernible differences (no baseup—there are easily discernible differences (no base on the Doric, volutes in the Ionic, etc., etc.)on the Doric, volutes in the Ionic, etc., etc.)
  18. 18. This Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy fromThis Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy from Ravenna, and was an important patron of theRavenna, and was an important patron of the arts there during his reign—among his constructionarts there during his reign—among his construction was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo.was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo.
  19. 19. This Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy fromThis Arian Christian/Goth king ruled Italy from Ravenna, and was an important patron of theRavenna, and was an important patron of the arts there during his reign—among his constructionarts there during his reign—among his construction was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo.was the Church of San Apollinare Nuovo. THEODORICTHEODORIC
  20. 20. What is the name of this building? Where is it located?What is the name of this building? Where is it located? Under which emperor was it built?Under which emperor was it built?
  21. 21. What is the name of this building? Where is it located?What is the name of this building? Where is it located? Under which emperor was it built?Under which emperor was it built? PANTHEON; ROME; HADRIANPANTHEON; ROME; HADRIAN
  22. 22. What was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of theWhat was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of the World?”World?”
  23. 23. What was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of theWhat was the oldest of the “Seven Wonders of the World?”World?” GREAT PYRAMIDS AT GIZEH, EGYPTGREAT PYRAMIDS AT GIZEH, EGYPT IMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAYIMPORTANT: REMEMBER, POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION INVOLVING THE TOPIC OF THEQUESTION INVOLVING THE TOPIC OF THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD—PLEASESEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ONCONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  24. 24. Some of the best surviving early Christian iconsSome of the best surviving early Christian icons are found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in whatare found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in what country?country?
  25. 25. Some of the best surviving early Christian iconsSome of the best surviving early Christian icons are found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in whatare found at St. Catherine’s Monastery in what country?country? EGYPT (SINAI)EGYPT (SINAI)
  26. 26. What is iconoclasm? Which of the TenWhat is iconoclasm? Which of the Ten Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm?Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm?
  27. 27. What is iconoclasm? Which of the TenWhat is iconoclasm? Which of the Ten Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm?Commandments gave an impetus to iconoclasm? THE DESTRUCTION OF SACRED IMAGES; 2THE DESTRUCTION OF SACRED IMAGES; 2NDND COMMANDMENTCOMMANDMENT REMEMBER: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ABOUTREMEMBER: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ABOUT ICONOCLASM, ICONOCLASTIC CONTROVERSY—ICONOCLASM, ICONOCLASTIC CONTROVERSY— PLEASE CONSULT THE ONLINE PPT REVIEW FORPLEASE CONSULT THE ONLINE PPT REVIEW FOR SOME IDEAS ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT AN ANSWER.SOME IDEAS ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT AN ANSWER.
  28. 28. This church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, wasThis church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, was the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary.the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
  29. 29. This church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, wasThis church, built in Rome in the early 400s AD, was the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary.the first dedicated to the Virgin Mary. SANTA MARIA MAGGIORESANTA MARIA MAGGIORE
  30. 30. A typical attribute for which popular Christian femaleA typical attribute for which popular Christian female saint is an ointment jar?saint is an ointment jar?
  31. 31. A typical attribute for which popular Christian femaleA typical attribute for which popular Christian female saint is an ointment jar?saint is an ointment jar? MARY MAGDALENEMARY MAGDALENE
  32. 32. What is the name of this building? Where is it located?What is the name of this building? Where is it located?
  33. 33. What is the name of this building? Where is it located?What is the name of this building? Where is it located? HAGIA SOPHIA; ISTANBUL (CONSTANTINOPLE)HAGIA SOPHIA; ISTANBUL (CONSTANTINOPLE)
  34. 34. This popular Christian saint is often shown with keysThis popular Christian saint is often shown with keys as an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whomas an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whom his keys symbolize the basis for papal power.his keys symbolize the basis for papal power.
  35. 35. This popular Christian saint is often shown with keysThis popular Christian saint is often shown with keys as an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whomas an attribute—especially among Catholics, for whom his keys symbolize the basis for papal power.his keys symbolize the basis for papal power. ST. PETERST. PETER
  36. 36. Encaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigmentEncaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigment is mixed with what?is mixed with what?
  37. 37. Encaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigmentEncaustic is a painters’ medium in which the pigment is mixed with what?is mixed with what? WAXWAX
  38. 38. Important Early Christian art is found in theseImportant Early Christian art is found in these underground burial sites, which were particularlyunderground burial sites, which were particularly prominent around Rome.prominent around Rome.
  39. 39. Important Early Christian art is found in theseImportant Early Christian art is found in these underground burial sites, which were particularlyunderground burial sites, which were particularly prominent around Rome.prominent around Rome. CATACOMBSCATACOMBS IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ONIMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON EARLY CHRISTIAN ART AND ARCHITECTUREEARLY CHRISTIAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE—— PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEASPLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEAS ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT YOUR ANSWER.ON HOW TO CONSTRUCT YOUR ANSWER.
  40. 40. The main body of a basilica is called what? What isThe main body of a basilica is called what? What is an apse?an apse?
  41. 41. The main body of a basilica is called what? What isThe main body of a basilica is called what? What is an apse?an apse? NAVE; ROUNDED SECTION WHERE AN ALTARNAVE; ROUNDED SECTION WHERE AN ALTAR IS PLACEDIS PLACED
  42. 42. Iconoclasm was particularly prominent underIconoclasm was particularly prominent under which Christian emperor?which Christian emperor?
  43. 43. Iconoclasm was particularly prominent underIconoclasm was particularly prominent under which Christian emperor?which Christian emperor? LEO IIILEO III
  44. 44. ““Orantes” figures were common in the early art ofOrantes” figures were common in the early art of which religion?which religion?
  45. 45. ““Orantes” figures were common in the early art ofOrantes” figures were common in the early art of which religion?which religion? CHRISTIANITYCHRISTIANITY
  46. 46. Abbot Suger, of St. Denis, was a major influenceAbbot Suger, of St. Denis, was a major influence on the development of what style of architecture.on the development of what style of architecture.
  47. 47. Abbot Suger, of St. Denis, was a major influenceAbbot Suger, of St. Denis, was a major influence on the development of what style of architecture.on the development of what style of architecture. GOTHICGOTHIC
  48. 48. Roman painting best survives at this ancient city,Roman painting best survives at this ancient city, which was destroyed by the eruption of the volcanowhich was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano Mt. Vesuvius.Mt. Vesuvius.
  49. 49. Roman painting best survives at this ancient city,Roman painting best survives at this ancient city, which was destroyed by the eruption of the volcanowhich was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano Mt. Vesuvius.Mt. Vesuvius. POMPEIIPOMPEII
  50. 50. The Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’sThe Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’s villa, in the town of Tivoli.villa, in the town of Tivoli.
  51. 51. The Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’sThe Canopus was a feature of this Roman emperor’s villa, in the town of Tivoli.villa, in the town of Tivoli. HADRIANHADRIAN
  52. 52. What is the name of this sculpture?What is the name of this sculpture?
  53. 53. What is the name of this sculpture?What is the name of this sculpture? DORYPHOROSDORYPHOROS IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAYIMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION INVOLVING THISQUESTION INVOLVING THIS SCULTPURE, SYMMETRIA, ETC.SCULTPURE, SYMMETRIA, ETC. PLEASE SEE THE PPT REVIEWSPLEASE SEE THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEA ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.FOR IDEA ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.
  54. 54. Who was the personal sculptor of Alexander theWho was the personal sculptor of Alexander the Great?Great?
  55. 55. Who was the personal sculptor of Alexander theWho was the personal sculptor of Alexander the Great?Great? LYSIPPOSLYSIPPOS
  56. 56. This is a statue of whom?This is a statue of whom?
  57. 57. This is a statue of whom?This is a statue of whom? AUGUSTUS (AUGUSTUS OFAUGUSTUS (AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA)PRIMA PORTA) IMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAYIMPORTANT: POSSIBLE ESSAY QUESTION ON AUGUSTANQUESTION ON AUGUSTAN PROPAGANDA (THIS STATUE,PROPAGANDA (THIS STATUE, THE ARA PACIS, ETC.)—PLEASETHE ARA PACIS, ETC.)—PLEASE CONSULT THE PPT REVIEWSCONSULT THE PPT REVIEWS FOR IDEA ON HOW TO ANSWERFOR IDEA ON HOW TO ANSWER IT.IT.
  58. 58. Who were the architects of the Parthenon?Who were the architects of the Parthenon?
  59. 59. Who were the architects of the Parthenon?Who were the architects of the Parthenon? IKTINOS AND KALLIKRATESIKTINOS AND KALLIKRATES
  60. 60. Pericles was the most important political leader of thePericles was the most important political leader of the ““classical age” of what Greek city, and he was a majorclassical age” of what Greek city, and he was a major force in the what important architectural project there?force in the what important architectural project there?
  61. 61. Pericles was the most important political leader of thePericles was the most important political leader of the ““classical age” of what Greek city, and he was a majorclassical age” of what Greek city, and he was a major force in the what important architectural project there?force in the what important architectural project there? ATHENS; THE REBUILDING OF THE ACROPOLIS,ATHENS; THE REBUILDING OF THE ACROPOLIS, INCLUDING THE PARTHENONINCLUDING THE PARTHENON

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