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France: Chartres CathedralFrance: Chartres Cathedral
““High Gothic”High Gothic”
GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
 The Abbot SugerThe Abbot Suger
The Abbey Church ofThe Abbey Church of
ST. DENISST. DENIS
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: The Abbot...
ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER
Born in 1081; enters Abbey of St.Born in 1081; enters Abbey of St.
Denis at age 9 and spends most o...
Inspired by early Christian mysticsInspired by early Christian mystics
such as the Pseudo-Dionysius, whosuch as the Pseudo...
ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER
Inspired by early Christian mystics such as theInspired by early Christian mystics such as the
Pseu...
His solutions to the problems of openingHis solutions to the problems of opening
the walls and flooding a massive churchth...
COMPOUNDCOMPOUND 
PIERSPIERS
POINTED ARCHESPOINTED ARCHES 
 RIBBEDRIBBED
VAULTSVAULTS
Gothic Vaulting:Gothic Vaulting...
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: FLYING BUTTRESSESGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: FLYING BUTTRESSES
GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
Suger on the new style in architecture:Suger on the new style in architecture:
““It makes me delight in the beauty of theI...
STAINED GLASSSTAINED GLASS
GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
 Rose windowRose window
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASSGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASS
““Stained-glass windows areStained-glass windows are
the Holy Scriptures . . . andthe Holy Scriptures . . . and
since thei...
GARGOYLE:GARGOYLE:
typically used as watertypically used as water
spouts; the word is derivedspouts; the word is derived
f...
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Reveiw 7 gothic

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  • IN WEST, THOUGH DIFF EVOLUTION IN ARCH, BASED ON BASILICA PLAN, ULTIMATE RESULT BY END OF PERIOD WE ARE STUDYING IS GOTHIC—SO WE WILL SPEND JUST A FEW MOMENTS ON IT, BECAUSE IT IS ONE OF THE MOST MISUNDERSTOOD STYLES IN ARCH—PEOPLE HAVE THIS IDEA THAT GOTHIC IS SOMEHOW MORBID—BUT NOT, CELEBRATORY, OF JOYS OF LIGHT AND LIFE, AND THE INVENTION OF A MAN, A MAN OF GREAT VISION, ABBOT SUGER.
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • THIS IS ABOUT SUGER, IN A STAINED GLASS WINDOW, AT FEET OF VIRGIN, AND THIS IS HIS CHURCH, ST. DENIS—BUT STORY NOT ON THE OUTSIDE, ON THE INSIDE
  • OPEN UP THE WALLS FOR WINDOWS, FOR THAT HEAVENLY LIGHT, THE LIGHT OF GOD, BUT NOT JUST ANY LIGHT, THE GLASS ITSELF BROUGHT GOD’S WORD DIRECTLY TO YOU THROUGH USE OF STAINED GLASS—HERE CHRIST’S PASSIO
  • TREE OF JESSE
  • Transcript of "Reveiw 7 gothic"

    1. 1. France: Chartres CathedralFrance: Chartres Cathedral ““High Gothic”High Gothic” GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    2. 2.  The Abbot SugerThe Abbot Suger The Abbey Church ofThe Abbey Church of ST. DENISST. DENIS GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: The Abbot SugerGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: The Abbot Suger
    3. 3. ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER Born in 1081; enters Abbey of St.Born in 1081; enters Abbey of St. Denis at age 9 and spends most ofDenis at age 9 and spends most of the rest of his life there. He wasthe rest of his life there. He was appointed abbot in 1122, and heldappointed abbot in 1122, and held that position until his death in 1155.that position until his death in 1155. The Abbey of St. Denis was foundedThe Abbey of St. Denis was founded by the crown in the 7th century inby the crown in the 7th century in honor of St. Denis, the patron sainthonor of St. Denis, the patron saint of France. Considered the royalof France. Considered the royal abbey; kings were educated andabbey; kings were educated and buried there, and it was anburied there, and it was an important political and royal symbol.important political and royal symbol. The original church was completedThe original church was completed in 775 and had become dilapidated.in 775 and had become dilapidated. Suger begins renovations in 1140.Suger begins renovations in 1140. GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    4. 4. Inspired by early Christian mysticsInspired by early Christian mystics such as the Pseudo-Dionysius, whosuch as the Pseudo-Dionysius, who believed in the Divine power ofbelieved in the Divine power of light. Believed that immense wallslight. Believed that immense walls of colored light could create aof colored light could create a Divine atmosphere that wouldDivine atmosphere that would inspire and sanctify hisinspire and sanctify his congregation.congregation. ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    5. 5. ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER Inspired by early Christian mystics such as theInspired by early Christian mystics such as the Pseudo-Dionysius, who believed in the DivinePseudo-Dionysius, who believed in the Divine power of light. Believed that immense walls ofpower of light. Believed that immense walls of colored light could create a Divine atmospherecolored light could create a Divine atmosphere that would inspire and sanctify histhat would inspire and sanctify his congregation.congregation. Believed in a three stages of light:Believed in a three stages of light: LuxLux—external light, from a physical source (the—external light, from a physical source (the sun, nature), which shines outside thesun, nature), which shines outside the cathedral. Profane.cathedral. Profane. LumenLumen—a metaphysical transformation of—a metaphysical transformation of external light, occurring upon entry intoexternal light, occurring upon entry into the cathedral. Consecrated and holy.the cathedral. Consecrated and holy. IlluminationIllumination—a further transformation which—a further transformation which occurred as light passed throughoccurred as light passed through the eye of the viewer. A spiritualthe eye of the viewer. A spiritual light which elevates the mind andlight which elevates the mind and renews the spirit.renews the spirit. GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    6. 6. His solutions to the problems of openingHis solutions to the problems of opening the walls and flooding a massive churchthe walls and flooding a massive church with light gave birth to the gothic style ofwith light gave birth to the gothic style of architecture.architecture. ““The multicolored loveliness of the (light)The multicolored loveliness of the (light) . . . has called me away…transporting me. . . has called me away…transporting me from material to immaterial things… thefrom material to immaterial things… the dull mind rises to truth through that whichdull mind rises to truth through that which is material and in seeing this light isis material and in seeing this light is resurrected from its former submersion."resurrected from its former submersion." --Abbot Suger--Abbot Suger ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    7. 7. COMPOUNDCOMPOUND  PIERSPIERS POINTED ARCHESPOINTED ARCHES   RIBBEDRIBBED VAULTSVAULTS Gothic Vaulting:Gothic Vaulting: Pointed arches channel the weight ofPointed arches channel the weight of more directly downward (onto their piers)more directly downward (onto their piers) than traditional rounded arches; as athan traditional rounded arches; as a result, less buttressing is needed allowingresult, less buttressing is needed allowing the walls to be opened to larger windowsthe walls to be opened to larger windows under the arches.under the arches. GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    8. 8. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: FLYING BUTTRESSESGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: FLYING BUTTRESSES
    9. 9. GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    10. 10. Suger on the new style in architecture:Suger on the new style in architecture: ““It makes me delight in the beauty of theIt makes me delight in the beauty of the House of God” and calls me “away fromHouse of God” and calls me “away from external cares.” It makes me feel I am “inexternal cares.” It makes me feel I am “in some strange region of the universe whichsome strange region of the universe which neither exists entirely in the slime of theneither exists entirely in the slime of the earth nor entirely in the purity of Heaven . . .earth nor entirely in the purity of Heaven . . . (it transports me) from this inferior to that(it transports me) from this inferior to that higher world.”higher world.” ABBOT SUGERABBOT SUGER GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    11. 11. STAINED GLASSSTAINED GLASS GOTHIC ARCHITECTUREGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
    12. 12.  Rose windowRose window GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASSGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASS
    13. 13. ““Stained-glass windows areStained-glass windows are the Holy Scriptures . . . andthe Holy Scriptures . . . and since their brilliance lets thesince their brilliance lets the splendor of the true lightsplendor of the true light pass into the church, theypass into the church, they enlighten those inside.”enlighten those inside.” --Hugh of St. Victor--Hugh of St. Victor GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASSGOTHIC ARCHITECTURE: STAINED GLASS
    14. 14. GARGOYLE:GARGOYLE: typically used as watertypically used as water spouts; the word is derivedspouts; the word is derived fromfrom "gargouille”"gargouille” (throat)(throat) or “gurgulio” (a doubleor “gurgulio” (a double meaning, “throat” and themeaning, “throat” and the “gurgling” sound water“gurgling” sound water makes as it passes throughmakes as it passes through an aperture).an aperture).
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