PRE-COLUMBIAN: Indigenous American culture before Europeans landed in the New World
 --BY 2000 BC, VILLAGES OF ABOUT 200 PEOPLE IN THE VALLEYS AND AROUND THE LAKES NEAR MODERN GUATEMALA CITY --POTTERY (NO ...
TLATILCO  (“where things are hidden;” village outside  modern Mexico  City)
COLIMA
NAYARIT
OLMECS “ Land of Rubber”  
JADE  OLMECS
 LA VENTA  OLMECS
 TEOTIHUACAN: By 200 AD becomes the first large metropolitan center in the Americas
PYRAMID OF THE SUN   TEOTIHUACAN
<ul><li>TEMPLE OF </li></ul><ul><li>QUETZALCOATL  </li></ul><ul><li>(FEATHERED SERPENT) </li></ul><ul><li>CIUDADELA  </li>...
TLALOCAN (Paradise of Tlaloc)
MAYA: UAXACTUN (GUATEMALA)  RED STUCCO   <ul><li>GIANT JAGUAR </li></ul><ul><li>AND SERPENT </li></ul><ul><li>MASKS </li>...
MAYA: COPAN (HONDURAS)  MAIN PLAZA      BALL COURT     PYRAMIDS
MAYA: TIKAL (GUATEMALA)  STELAE      STELAE
MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO)
MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO)  <ul><li>ROOF COMB </li></ul><ul><li>(TEMPLE OF  </li></ul><ul><li>THE SUN)  </li></ul>
MAYA     CHICHEN ITZA Chichen Itza: --On Yucatan Peninsula; the city covers  6 sq. miles --Itza were a later, northern gr...
<ul><li>TZOLKIN: </li></ul><ul><li>260 DAY CALENDAR </li></ul><ul><li>(RITUAL CALENDAR) </li></ul><ul><li>52 GROUPS OF 5 D...
BONAMPAK (“Painted walls”) GILES HEALY  MAYA: ARCHEOLOGY
TENOCH (CHIEF)  TENOCHTITLAN  (TENOCH’S CITY)    AZTECS
 PRECOLUMBIAN SOUTH AMERICA: PERU PARACAS
PARACAS CULTURE (c. 300s BC)
MOCHE CULTURE “ STIRRUP    SPOUT  VESSEL”
NAZCA CULTURE: c.200-600 AD NAZCA: Southwest Peru,   slightly inland from ocean
NAZCA CULTURE NAZCA LINES: A series of figures (mostly animals) and abstract markings drawn into the desert  floor, some a...
NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES  WALKING/DANCING: --sacred pathways,  perhaps representing deities or mythological beings? --pa...
NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES  WATER: --intended to invoke  water/rain, perhaps in  conjunction with rituals? --some of the l...
NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES  ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES  Libra The Condor ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES  ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY Hummingbird: aligned to summer solstice;  sun rises directly through it
THE INCA   MACHU PICCHU
GOLD: SWEAT OF THE SUN SILVER: TEARS OF THE  MOON
   TRAPEZOID
<ul><li>RECTANGULAR  </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDING PLANS  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Blocks with </li></ul><ul><li>irregular  </li></ul><ul><li>shapes, but  </li></ul><ul><li>which fit  </li></ul><ul...
   No mortar
Unadorned; plain, flat-faced blocks
HIRAM BINGHAM MACHU PICCHU: JULY 24, 1911
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  • Exam 3 review presentation 3 -americas

    1. 1. PRE-COLUMBIAN: Indigenous American culture before Europeans landed in the New World
    2. 2.  --BY 2000 BC, VILLAGES OF ABOUT 200 PEOPLE IN THE VALLEYS AND AROUND THE LAKES NEAR MODERN GUATEMALA CITY --POTTERY (NO WHEEL)
    3. 3. TLATILCO (“where things are hidden;” village outside modern Mexico City)
    4. 4. COLIMA
    5. 5. NAYARIT
    6. 6. OLMECS “ Land of Rubber” 
    7. 7. JADE OLMECS
    8. 8.  LA VENTA OLMECS
    9. 9.  TEOTIHUACAN: By 200 AD becomes the first large metropolitan center in the Americas
    10. 10. PYRAMID OF THE SUN  TEOTIHUACAN
    11. 11. <ul><li>TEMPLE OF </li></ul><ul><li>QUETZALCOATL </li></ul><ul><li>(FEATHERED SERPENT) </li></ul><ul><li>CIUDADELA </li></ul><ul><li>(60,000 </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE) </li></ul>
    12. 12. TLALOCAN (Paradise of Tlaloc)
    13. 13. MAYA: UAXACTUN (GUATEMALA) RED STUCCO  <ul><li>GIANT JAGUAR </li></ul><ul><li>AND SERPENT </li></ul><ul><li>MASKS </li></ul>
    14. 14. MAYA: COPAN (HONDURAS) MAIN PLAZA   BALL COURT  PYRAMIDS
    15. 15. MAYA: TIKAL (GUATEMALA) STELAE   STELAE
    16. 16. MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO)
    17. 17. MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO) <ul><li>ROOF COMB </li></ul><ul><li>(TEMPLE OF </li></ul><ul><li>THE SUN) </li></ul>
    18. 18. MAYA  CHICHEN ITZA Chichen Itza: --On Yucatan Peninsula; the city covers 6 sq. miles --Itza were a later, northern group of Maya --There had previously been a sacred well here; the name means “ well at the mouth of the Itza.”
    19. 19. <ul><li>TZOLKIN: </li></ul><ul><li>260 DAY CALENDAR </li></ul><ul><li>(RITUAL CALENDAR) </li></ul><ul><li>52 GROUPS OF 5 DAYS </li></ul><ul><li>HAAB: </li></ul><ul><li>365 DAY CALENDAR </li></ul><ul><li>(SOLAR CALENDAR) </li></ul><ul><li>1 YEAR = “TUN” </li></ul><ul><li>18 MONTHS OF 20 DAYS, </li></ul><ul><li>+ 5 “NAMELESS” DAYS </li></ul>MAYA: CODEX
    20. 20. BONAMPAK (“Painted walls”) GILES HEALY MAYA: ARCHEOLOGY
    21. 21. TENOCH (CHIEF) TENOCHTITLAN (TENOCH’S CITY)  AZTECS
    22. 22.  PRECOLUMBIAN SOUTH AMERICA: PERU PARACAS
    23. 23. PARACAS CULTURE (c. 300s BC)
    24. 24. MOCHE CULTURE “ STIRRUP  SPOUT VESSEL”
    25. 25. NAZCA CULTURE: c.200-600 AD NAZCA: Southwest Peru,  slightly inland from ocean
    26. 26. NAZCA CULTURE NAZCA LINES: A series of figures (mostly animals) and abstract markings drawn into the desert floor, some almost 2000 years old. Of immense size—some of the figures are well over 300 yards across and some of the abstract designs are over a mile and a half long. “ GEOGLYPHS”
    27. 27. NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES WALKING/DANCING: --sacred pathways, perhaps representing deities or mythological beings? --paths for, or choreographies of, sacred dances or cult rituals? Perhaps involving shamanism or the use of hallucinogenic plants?
    28. 28. NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES WATER: --intended to invoke water/rain, perhaps in conjunction with rituals? --some of the lines seem to follow the path of underground streams— were the lines meant to mark underground water sources?
    29. 29. NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
    30. 30. NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES Libra The Condor ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
    31. 31. NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY Hummingbird: aligned to summer solstice; sun rises directly through it
    32. 32. THE INCA  MACHU PICCHU
    33. 33. GOLD: SWEAT OF THE SUN SILVER: TEARS OF THE MOON
    34. 34.  TRAPEZOID
    35. 35. <ul><li>RECTANGULAR </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDING PLANS </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>Blocks with </li></ul><ul><li>irregular </li></ul><ul><li>shapes, but </li></ul><ul><li>which fit </li></ul><ul><li>together </li></ul><ul><li>perfectly </li></ul>
    37. 37.  No mortar
    38. 38. Unadorned; plain, flat-faced blocks
    39. 39. HIRAM BINGHAM MACHU PICCHU: JULY 24, 1911
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