Exam 3 review presentation 3 -americas
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Exam 3 review presentation 3 -americas Exam 3 review presentation 3 -americas Presentation Transcript

  • PRE-COLUMBIAN: Indigenous American culture before Europeans landed in the New World
  •  --BY 2000 BC, VILLAGES OF ABOUT 200 PEOPLE IN THE VALLEYS AND AROUND THE LAKES NEAR MODERN GUATEMALA CITY --POTTERY (NO WHEEL)
  • TLATILCO (“where things are hidden;” village outside modern Mexico City)
  • COLIMA
  • NAYARIT
  • OLMECS “ Land of Rubber” 
  • JADE OLMECS
  •  LA VENTA OLMECS
  •  TEOTIHUACAN: By 200 AD becomes the first large metropolitan center in the Americas
  • PYRAMID OF THE SUN  TEOTIHUACAN
    • TEMPLE OF
    • QUETZALCOATL
    • (FEATHERED SERPENT)
    • CIUDADELA
    • (60,000
    • PEOPLE)
  • TLALOCAN (Paradise of Tlaloc)
  • MAYA: UAXACTUN (GUATEMALA) RED STUCCO 
    • GIANT JAGUAR
    • AND SERPENT
    • MASKS
  • MAYA: COPAN (HONDURAS) MAIN PLAZA   BALL COURT  PYRAMIDS
  • MAYA: TIKAL (GUATEMALA) STELAE   STELAE
  • MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO)
  • MAYA: PALENQUE (MEXICO)
    • ROOF COMB
    • (TEMPLE OF
    • THE SUN)
  • MAYA  CHICHEN ITZA Chichen Itza: --On Yucatan Peninsula; the city covers 6 sq. miles --Itza were a later, northern group of Maya --There had previously been a sacred well here; the name means “ well at the mouth of the Itza.”
    • TZOLKIN:
    • 260 DAY CALENDAR
    • (RITUAL CALENDAR)
    • 52 GROUPS OF 5 DAYS
    • HAAB:
    • 365 DAY CALENDAR
    • (SOLAR CALENDAR)
    • 1 YEAR = “TUN”
    • 18 MONTHS OF 20 DAYS,
    • + 5 “NAMELESS” DAYS
    MAYA: CODEX
  • BONAMPAK (“Painted walls”) GILES HEALY MAYA: ARCHEOLOGY
  • TENOCH (CHIEF) TENOCHTITLAN (TENOCH’S CITY)  AZTECS
  •  PRECOLUMBIAN SOUTH AMERICA: PERU PARACAS
  • PARACAS CULTURE (c. 300s BC)
  • MOCHE CULTURE “ STIRRUP  SPOUT VESSEL”
  • NAZCA CULTURE: c.200-600 AD NAZCA: Southwest Peru,  slightly inland from ocean
  • NAZCA CULTURE NAZCA LINES: A series of figures (mostly animals) and abstract markings drawn into the desert floor, some almost 2000 years old. Of immense size—some of the figures are well over 300 yards across and some of the abstract designs are over a mile and a half long. “ GEOGLYPHS”
  • NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES WALKING/DANCING: --sacred pathways, perhaps representing deities or mythological beings? --paths for, or choreographies of, sacred dances or cult rituals? Perhaps involving shamanism or the use of hallucinogenic plants?
  • NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES WATER: --intended to invoke water/rain, perhaps in conjunction with rituals? --some of the lines seem to follow the path of underground streams— were the lines meant to mark underground water sources?
  • NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
  • NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES Libra The Condor ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY
  • NAZCA CULTURE: NAZCA LINES ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY Hummingbird: aligned to summer solstice; sun rises directly through it
  • THE INCA  MACHU PICCHU
  • GOLD: SWEAT OF THE SUN SILVER: TEARS OF THE MOON
  •  TRAPEZOID
    • RECTANGULAR
    • BUILDING PLANS
    • Blocks with
    • irregular
    • shapes, but
    • which fit
    • together
    • perfectly
  •  No mortar
  • Unadorned; plain, flat-faced blocks
  • HIRAM BINGHAM MACHU PICCHU: JULY 24, 1911