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Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome
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Exam 2 review presentation 3 -hellenistic and rome

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  • 1. PRAXITELES SKOPAS LYSIPPOS
  • 2. “ Hellenistic:” In the style of the Greeks (spread of Greek culture to non-Greek lands) Bust of Alexander the Great (after an original by Lysippos)
  • 3. Mosaic (from Pella, Macedonia) TESSERAE: The individual chips in a mosaic
  • 4. Ephesus
  • 5. Pergamon: Acropolis—ALTAR OF ZEUS Giants: Primeval, cthonic monsters “ Gigantomachy”
  • 6. Pergamon: ASCLEPION Asclepius: Healing god
  • 7. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>Still standing </li></ul>
  • 8. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>King Nebuchadnezzar II </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed—date unknown </li></ul><ul><li>No trace has ever been found </li></ul>
  • 9. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>Move to Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed in a fire—462 AD </li></ul>
  • 10. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed by 1522 AD </li></ul><ul><li>after the Knights of St. </li></ul><ul><li>John use the stones to </li></ul><ul><li>build their fortress. </li></ul>
  • 11. Destroyed—Christians, 401 AD SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD: TEMPLE of ARTEMIS at EPHESUS
  • 12. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS </li></ul><ul><li>at EPHESUS </li></ul><ul><li>6. THE COLOSSUS of </li></ul><ul><li>RHODES </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed—sold as scrap by </li></ul><ul><li>Arab merchants 654 AD </li></ul>
  • 13. SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>GREAT PYRAMID(S?) </li></ul><ul><li>of EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>2. HANGING GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>of BABYLON </li></ul><ul><li>3. STATUE OF ZEUS </li></ul><ul><li>at OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>4. THE MAUSOLEUM </li></ul><ul><li>(of MAUSOLUS) </li></ul><ul><li>5. TEMPLE of ARTEMIS </li></ul><ul><li>at EPHESUS </li></ul><ul><li>6. THE COLOSSUS of </li></ul><ul><li>RHODES </li></ul><ul><li>7. THE LIGHTHOUSE of </li></ul><ul><li>ALEXANDRIA </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed by Sultan in 1480 AD; stone used for fortifications </li></ul>
  • 14. ETRUSCANS: Cental Italy, Tuscany (Etruria) 
  • 15. VERISTIC (Topographical) Blunt, unidealized portraits, intended to convey Republican virtues through physiognomy (the study of the face): --seriousness --experience --loyalty --determination Rome: Republican-era sculpture
  • 16. BATTLE OF ACTIUM (31 BC) Naval Battle, Ionian Sea Octavian vs. combined forces of Marc Antony and Cleopatra (Egyptian Ptolomeic Queen) Octavian: adopted son of Julius Caesar Caesarion: son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra; Marc Antony, aligned with Cleopatra, tried to promote Caesarion as the true heir of Caesar
  • 17. 27 BC: AUGUSTUS (“Supreme Ruler”) Roman Empire
  • 18. Octavian Augustus Octavian: Changes his name to Augustus
  • 19. Greek idealism: generic (the perfectibility of human nature) Roman idealism: specific (highly propagandistic) Rome: Imperial sculpture Greece: Doryphoros Rome: Augustus
  • 20. Rome: Imperial sculpture Augustus of Prima Porta
  • 21. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Ideal: generic idea Ideal: specific individual
  • 22. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta Cupid: Son of Venus; father of Aeneas  Dolphin: Symbol of Venus; born from the sea  Julio-Claudian line: Claimed to be descended from Aeneas
  • 23. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Parthian  Standard Roman soldier 
  • 24. Rome: Imperial sculpture—Augustus of Prima Porta (Cuirass)  Caelus: canopy of the sky  Moon: descending Sun: ascending  Apollo: sun   Diana: moon Mother Earth figure with  cornucopia (horn of plenty): Wealth and bounty of the new age that is dawning
  • 25. Ara Pacis Augustae Ara: altar Pacis: peace Augustae: Augustan “ The Altar of Augustan Peace” Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  • 26. Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS  Aeneas Shrine   Sow
  • 27. Peace and bounty carried over earth and sea, blown by wind and carried by waters to four corners of the earth + Rome: early Imperial art—Augustan propaganda ARA PACIS
  • 28. POMPEII MT. VESUVIUS Roman painting
  • 29. NERO: --He commits suicide in 68 AD. --The Senate declares him an enemy of the state and Galba, a Roman governor in Spain, marches on Rome. --Nero commits suicide and Galba becomes emperor --Galba is assassinated and two other emperors quickly come and go --The eastern armies declare their general, Vespasian, as emperor.
  • 30. Rome: Imperial portraiture—Vespasian (return to veristic style)
  • 31. Vespasian Flavian Ampitheater: “ COLOSSEUM”
  • 32. Roman architecture: arch construction VOUSSOIRS: wedge-shaped blocks which comprise an arch KEYSTONE: Central voussoirs
  • 33.   FORCE ABSORBS FORCE = STABILITY   Roman architecture: arch construction
  • 34. Roman monuments: arches Arch of Titus TRIUMPHAL ARCH (Triumph): celebrates Sack of Jerusalem
  • 35. Triumphal Columns Column of Trajan: celebrates victory over Dacians Roman monuments: columns

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