1. PERSONAL PEDAGOGICAL
EDP3333 Curriculum and Pedagogy 3
2. “Learning is defined by the person defining it” (Mezirow, 2000)
Some definitions of Learning (Curry, 1993)
A change in behaviour as a result of experience or
The process of gaining knowledge.
A process by which behaviour is changed, shaped
The individual process of constructing
understanding based on experiences learning.
Fig 1: Displays some definitions of learning.
Fig 1: Shows Contemporary Learning Theory. Source:
ehaviorism and Constructivism
Figure 4: Shows how Behaviourism and Constructivism are opposite.
4. Constructivism and Theory
“Constructivist learning is a student driven process in which learners develop, or construct, their
understanding of information as they work with concepts and think about processes” (Richardson, 1997).
Piaget (1976) acknowledges that
children are active learners that
construct knowledge from their
Figure 5: Demonstrates the process in which knowledge is constructed.
Adapted from Strategies and Model for Teachers (Eggan and Kauchak,
Figure 6: Jean Piaget. Source: NNBD
5. Behaviorism and Theory
Figure 7: Demonstrates a routine timetable that my personal
pedagogical framework would include. Adapted from
Arrival (rules, set
expectations for day)
(Teacher and student
(Teacher Directed )
(Teacher Directed then
Figure 8: B.F. Skinner. Source: NAP. edu
6. Teaching Strategy – K.W.L CHART
W I Know (Facts)
W I W to know
W I have Learnt
Figure 9: Adapted from Reflections on classroom thinking (Frangenheim, 2010)
Frangenheim (2010) states ,“That this strategy enables students to
activate background knowledge, create new questions and develop a
purpose for the task”.
7. Teaching Strategy - Round Robin
Sheurrman (1998) states that, “The
major benefit is that whereas in a
whole group brainstorm only one
person is responding, in Round
Robin, every student is on task at
Figure 10: Demonstrates the structure of Round Robin.
8. HOW CAN LEARNERS JUDGE THE ACCURACY OF
THEIR UNDERSTANDINGS? (OLSEN, 2003).
9. Explicit Teaching – I DO, WE DO, YOU DO
Assist as needed
10. Explicit Teaching enables and limits my pedagogical practice
Ashman, A. F., & Conway, R. N. F. (1997). An introduction to cognitive education: Theory and applications. London: Routledge.
Borich, G. (2013). Effective Teaching Methods: Research-Based Practice. London: Pearson Education.
Bringuier, J., & Piaget, J. (1989). Conversations with Jean Piaget. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Curry, L. (1993). An Organization of Learning Styles Theory and Constructs. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Retrieved 15 th October, 2013 from
Devries, R. (1999). Implications of Piaget's Constructivist Theory for Character Education. The Journal of the Association of Teacher Educators. 20 (4). 39-47. doi:10.1080/01626620.1999.10462933.
Dillfay, D., & Sassman, C. (2007). Teaching Effective Classroom Routines: Establish Structure in the Classroom to Foster Children's Learning-From the First Day of School and All Through the Year. New York:
Scholastic Teaching Resources.
Fosnot, C. (2005). Constructivism: Theory, Perspectives And Practice. Columbia: Teachers College Press.
Frangenheim E. (2010) Reflections on classroom thinking strategies (9th Ed) Loganholme QLD: ITC Publications.
McGregor, D. (2007). Developing Thinking; Developing Learning. New York: McGraw- Hill International.
Mezirow, K. (2000). Learning as Transformation: Critical Perspectives on a Theory in Progress. New York: ERIC.
Olson, D.(2003). Psychological theory and educational reform: how school remakes mind and society. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Richardson, V. (1997). Constructivist Teacher Education: Building a World of New Understandings. New York: Routledge.
Scheurman, G. (1998). From Behaviourist to Constructivist Teaching. Journal of Social Education. 62 (1). 6-9. Retrieved 11th October, 2013 from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ565801.
Skinner, B. F. (1968). The Technology of Teaching. New York: Meredith Corporation.
Strong, W. (2001). Coaching writing: the power of guided practice. California, U.S.A: Heinemann Publishers.
Skinner, B. F. [Image]. 2013. Retrieved from http://www.nndb.com/people/297/000022231/
Contemporary Learning Theory [Image].2013. Retrieved from http://usqstudydesk.usq.edu.au/m2/course/view.php?id=2922
Piaget, J. [Image]. 2011. Retrieved from http://www.nndb.com/people/359/000094077/