Revision verb conjugation bf


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Revision verb conjugation bf

  1. 1. Revision: Verbs!<br />Question: What is a verb?<br />Answer: It is the “doing” word in a sentence, e.g. to swim, to think, to love, to eat, to wish, to be, to have etc.<br />----------------------------------------------------<br />A verb describes the action in a sentence.<br />E.g. John ran to the park.<br /> We love the Adelaide Crows.<br /> I have an orange jumper.<br />
  2. 2. Verb Conjugation!<br />This is when you change a verb to match the person or thing it is talking about. For example:<br />I am Belinda.<br />You play Tennis on Saturday.<br />She eats the yummy chocolate.<br />We love school! :)<br />You are nice year 7 students.<br />They eat pizza on Fridays.<br />Notice how the verb changes in English?...<br />...the same thing happens in German as you have already seen...<br />
  3. 3. sein = to be<br />Ich bin Belinda.<br />Du bist John.<br />Sie ist Jane.<br />Wir sind glücklich!<br />Ihr seid in der 7B.<br />Sie sind doofe Klasse 8 Studente.<br />I am Belinda.<br />You are John.<br />She is Jane.<br />We are happy!<br />You are in 7B.<br />They are silly year 8 students<br />“sein” is called an irregular verb – you have to memorise it! (sorry!)<br />
  4. 4. There are some “predictable” verbs that you don’t need to memorise. These are called _______ verbs...<br />regular<br />
  5. 5. “spielen” (to play) is a regular verb.<br />Let’s conjugate “spielen” – “to play”<br />spielen<br />ich spiele<br />du spielst<br />er,sie,es spielt<br />wir spielen<br />ihr spielt<br />sie, Sie spielen<br />– to play<br />I play<br />you play<br />he/she/it plays<br />we play<br />you (plural) play<br />they, you (formal) play<br />
  6. 6. To conjugate a regular verb in German you need:<br />The stem of the verb<br />The regular verb ending<br />
  7. 7. The stem of the verb=<br />The verb without the “en” on the end of it.<br />For example: spielen  spiel (stem)<br /> gewinnen  gewinn (stem)<br /> schwimmen  schwimm (stem)<br />Guess the stems of these verbs:<br />(to be called) heißen<br />heiß<br />(to wait) warten<br />wart<br />
  8. 8. The regular verb ending<br />As we saw with “spielen” before, regular verbs have certain endings. These endings are the same for ALL regular verbs.<br />They are:<br />
  9. 9. Putting it all together<br />Stem of verb + verb ending = correct German!<br />How do you know which ending to use?<br />It depends who is in the sentence...<br />I play Basketball =<br />Ich<br />spiele<br />Basketball.<br />He plays Tennis =<br />Er<br />spielt<br />Tennis.<br />
  10. 10. Now, form sentences using these elements. Make sure you conjugate the verb correctly!<br />wir / gewinnen / heute / Tennis.<br />Karl / kommen / zu / spät.<br />Er / heißen / Osman.<br />Monika / bleiben / im / Bett.<br />Meine Mutti und mein Vati / spielen / jetzt / Golf.<br />Das / sein / mein / Hamburger!<br />Wer / haben / heute / Nummer sieben?<br />Ich / sein / heute / krank.<br />Bleiben / du / bei / Karin?<br /> Ihr / wohnen / in / Bendigo.<br />z.B. ich / spielen / Basketball  Ich spiele Basketball.<br />Wir gewinnen heute Tennis.<br />Karl kommt zu spät.<br />Er heißt Osman.<br />Monika bleibt im Bett.<br />Meine Mutti und mein Vati spielen jetzt Golf.<br />Das ist mein Hamburger!<br />Wer hat heute Nummer 7?<br />Ich bin heute krank.<br />Bleibst du bei Karin?<br /> Ihr wohnt in Bendigo.<br />