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The 8 Critical ApproachesThe 8 Critical Approaches
• Star / Performer
• Genre
• Auteur
• Social and political contexts
• G...
Star / Performer
• You can research an individual or group of
individuals, which could lead to something
such as a ‘star-s...
Star / Performer
• Area of investigation:
The characteristics of
Rhys Ifans’
performance across
different directors and
pr...
Star / Performer
• Area of investigation:
The meaning brought
to a film by Juliette
Binoche
• Focus film: The
Unbearable L...
Genre
• You could focus your research on a single
genre or a range of genres. This area is
designed for you to develop inv...
Genre
• Area of investigation:
The shaping of the
gangster genre by the
films of Martin
Scorcese
• Focus film: Mean
Street...
Genre
• Area of investigation:
The perceived
communist threat and
the rise of the
American science
fiction film
• Focus fi...
The Auteur
• allows a film or body of films to be seen in the context of
an authorial voice. It is intended that this cont...
The Auteur
• Area of investigation:
Luc Besson's move
from French film to
Americanised movies
and the impact on his
cinema...
The Auteur
• Area of investigation:
Ealing Studios'
'signature'
• Focus film: Kind
Hearts and Coronets
• Related films: Th...
Social and political contexts
• This could focus on the contexts of the
production of the film, or on the
commentary offer...
Social and political contexts
• Area of investigation:
German film's
reflection of Germany
before and after
reunification
...
Social and political contexts
• Area of investigation:
Films dealing with the
Vietnam War as a
symptom of modern
America
•...
Gender
• encourages an approach that allows the
study of gendered films or gendered
filmmaking, but also one that allows t...
Gender
• Area of investigation:
Kathryn Bigelow's
approach to the
contemporary horror
film
• Focus film: Near
Dark
• Relat...
Gender
• Area of investigation:
American New Queer
Cinema and identity
• Focus film: Go Fish
• Related films: Paris
is Bur...
Ethnicity
• may be explored through diverse
approaches including analysing the
representations within a film, and issues
a...
Ethnicity
• Area of investigation:
British-Indian cinema
coming of age
• Focus film: Bend it
Like Beckham
• Related films:...
Ethnicity
• Area of investigation:
the changing
representation of
young black men in
British film
• Focus film: Bullet
Boy...
Institution
• engages with issues of industry that may have
been stimulated from concepts engaged with in
FM2 British and ...
Institution
• Area of investigation:
the impact of the
Hays Code
• Focus film: Ecstasy
• Related films:
Tarzan and His Mat...
Institution
• Area of investigation:
American Zoetrope -
independence and
success
• Focus film:
Apocalypse Now
• Related f...
Technology
• this context is one that encompasses all the
constructional devices in cinema, from
production through to dis...
Technology
• Area of investigation:
development of CGI
in animation and its
impact on audiences
• Focus film: Toy
Story
• ...
Technology
• Area of investigation:
the development of
colour film techniques
• Focus film: Gone
with the Wind
• Related f...
Past years questions
Tara Costello
• Area of investigation:
a close study into
John Waters
influences and how
this is translated in his
constru...
Chelsea FullbrookChelsea Fullbrook
• Area of investigation:
a close study into Tim
Burton exploring the
extent to which hi...
Rebecca HammondRebecca Hammond
• Area of investigation:
a study into what
makes Pixar films so
distinctive from other
anim...
Callum JacksonCallum Jackson
• Area of investigation:
to what extent does
Korea’s censorship
effect the social,
cultural a...
Ross LustedRoss Lusted
• Area of investigation:
a close analytical
study of Chicano
cinema between
2000-2009; it’s self
re...
Hannah MooreHannah Moore
• Area of investigation:
how musicals present
utopian ideologies to
provide escape from
social ze...
Ruby PurcellRuby Purcell
• Area of investigation:
how cinema has
represented an
interpreted fashion as
a cultural form
Jake SaundersJake Saunders
• Area of investigation: a
comparative analytical
study of the
representations of
homosexuality...
Ross Wood
• Area of investigation:
a study into the extent
to which Tom Hanks
solo performances
have established him
as an...
Nancy CampopianoNancy Campopiano
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
Representations of
corru...
Alex FlynnAlex Flynn
• Critical Approach:
Institution/
Technology
• Area of investigation:
The impact of Pixar
on the deve...
Harry Mills
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
A comparison of
American mainstream
and indep...
Hayley Morris
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
How 1970’s musicals
rebelled against the
so...
Caroline GittinsCaroline Gittins
• Critical Approach:
Auteur Study
• Area of investigation:
The collaboration of
Tim Burto...
Deborah ObeskiDeborah Obeski
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
The social and
political imp...
Lawrence SalisburyLawrence Salisbury
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
How films represent
...
Lauren ScotcherLauren Scotcher
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
The social and
political c...
Nick StoreyNick Storey
• Critical Approach:
Social & Political
• Area of investigation:
Ideologies of the Iraq
war as depi...
Summer HomeworkSummer Homework
1. Create a Small Scale blog – email the link to
rajib@welling.bexley.sch.uk
2. Complete th...
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  1. 1. The 8 Critical ApproachesThe 8 Critical Approaches • Star / Performer • Genre • Auteur • Social and political contexts • Gender issues • Ethnicity • Institution • Technology
  2. 2. Star / Performer • You can research an individual or group of individuals, which could lead to something such as a ‘star-study’, historical developments in star status, cultural relationships the notion of star / performer, fandom, issues of performance.
  3. 3. Star / Performer • Area of investigation: The characteristics of Rhys Ifans’ performance across different directors and production contexts • Focus film: Enduring Love • Related films: Twin Town and Notting Hill
  4. 4. Star / Performer • Area of investigation: The meaning brought to a film by Juliette Binoche • Focus film: The Unbearable Lightness of Being • Related films: Les Amants du Pont Neuf and The English Patient
  5. 5. Genre • You could focus your research on a single genre or a range of genres. This area is designed for you to develop investigations that consider film as a structured product that is designed to relate to other similar films. You might investigate the evolution of a genre, consider the idea of national cinema or look at genre as a cultural product.
  6. 6. Genre • Area of investigation: The shaping of the gangster genre by the films of Martin Scorcese • Focus film: Mean Streets • Related films: Goodfellas and Casino
  7. 7. Genre • Area of investigation: The perceived communist threat and the rise of the American science fiction film • Focus film: The Day the Earth Stood Still • Related films: Plan 9 from Outer Space and On the Beach
  8. 8. The Auteur • allows a film or body of films to be seen in the context of an authorial voice. It is intended that this context be as broadly interpreted as possible, and so the traditional view of an auteur as a single person (usually the director) is extended to include any individual who leaves a 'signature' of control (over the production and/or over meaning) on a film, be they the screenwriter, the cinematographer, the composer, or even an actor. Indeed, this is taken further still by considering the collaborative auteur (two or more individuals who when they come together on a project leave an unmistakable signature - Scorsese and DeNiro, for example), and the institutional auteur (where an institution, be it a studio, a government agency or a collective, leaves a signature on a film irrespective of who actually worked on it - the comedies produced at Ealing demonstrate this well).
  9. 9. The Auteur • Area of investigation: Luc Besson's move from French film to Americanised movies and the impact on his cinematic style • Focus film: Leon • Related films: Subway and Nikita
  10. 10. The Auteur • Area of investigation: Ealing Studios' 'signature' • Focus film: Kind Hearts and Coronets • Related films: The Man in the White Suit and The Lavender Hill Mob
  11. 11. Social and political contexts • This could focus on the contexts of the production of the film, or on the commentary offered by films on a particular social or political context (E.G Iraq War – Farenheit 9-11)
  12. 12. Social and political contexts • Area of investigation: German film's reflection of Germany before and after reunification • Focus film: Kings of the Road • Related films: Run Lola Run and Downfall
  13. 13. Social and political contexts • Area of investigation: Films dealing with the Vietnam War as a symptom of modern America • Focus film: Platoon • Related films: Forrest Gump and Hamburger Hill
  14. 14. Gender • encourages an approach that allows the study of gendered films or gendered filmmaking, but also one that allows the study of gendered spectatorship. Issues of sexuality, of gender, of representation, and of other related contexts can be explored either singly or through a comparative approach (such as comparing male and female directorial approaches to the crime movie genre).
  15. 15. Gender • Area of investigation: Kathryn Bigelow's approach to the contemporary horror film • Focus film: Near Dark • Related films: From Dusk Till Dawn and The Forsaken
  16. 16. Gender • Area of investigation: American New Queer Cinema and identity • Focus film: Go Fish • Related films: Paris is Burning and All Over Me
  17. 17. Ethnicity • may be explored through diverse approaches including analysing the representations within a film, and issues around those making a film. It should be viewed as a broad approach that can include more traditional topics (such as Sexploitation movies, or the representation of the American Indian in the Western genre),
  18. 18. Ethnicity • Area of investigation: British-Indian cinema coming of age • Focus film: Bend it Like Beckham • Related films: My Son the Fanatic and Bhaji on the Beach
  19. 19. Ethnicity • Area of investigation: the changing representation of young black men in British film • Focus film: Bullet Boy • Related films: Pressure and Babylon
  20. 20. Institution • engages with issues of industry that may have been stimulated from concepts engaged with in FM2 British and American film. Most obvious will be the industrialised production contexts for film production (the studios ,the production companies, and even the established methods of production), but issues around film finance, producing, law, regulation, distribution, exhibition and governmental influence over filmmaking are all valuable areas through which to contextualise a research project.
  21. 21. Institution • Area of investigation: the impact of the Hays Code • Focus film: Ecstasy • Related films: Tarzan and His Mate and The Outlaw
  22. 22. Institution • Area of investigation: American Zoetrope - independence and success • Focus film: Apocalypse Now • Related films: The Good Shepherd and Sleepy Hollow
  23. 23. Technology • this context is one that encompasses all the constructional devices in cinema, from production through to distribution and exhibition methods. A wide range of investigations can be contextualised by technology from an historic approach dealing with a production development such as the introduction of surround sound, through to the impact of video on the industry, or the implication of digital exhibition (most importantly with the broader areas of investigation is the need to anchor them to a particular focus film).
  24. 24. Technology • Area of investigation: development of CGI in animation and its impact on audiences • Focus film: Toy Story • Related films: Toy Story 2 and Shrek
  25. 25. Technology • Area of investigation: the development of colour film techniques • Focus film: Gone with the Wind • Related films: The Black Pirate and The Sheltering Sky
  26. 26. Past years questions
  27. 27. Tara Costello • Area of investigation: a close study into John Waters influences and how this is translated in his construction of female characters
  28. 28. Chelsea FullbrookChelsea Fullbrook • Area of investigation: a close study into Tim Burton exploring the extent to which his childhood experiences are significant in defining his auteur signature
  29. 29. Rebecca HammondRebecca Hammond • Area of investigation: a study into what makes Pixar films so distinctive from other animation studio films
  30. 30. Callum JacksonCallum Jackson • Area of investigation: to what extent does Korea’s censorship effect the social, cultural and political representations in Korean cinema
  31. 31. Ross LustedRoss Lusted • Area of investigation: a close analytical study of Chicano cinema between 2000-2009; it’s self reflexive representations and the impact of these perception on national identity
  32. 32. Hannah MooreHannah Moore • Area of investigation: how musicals present utopian ideologies to provide escape from social zeitgeist
  33. 33. Ruby PurcellRuby Purcell • Area of investigation: how cinema has represented an interpreted fashion as a cultural form
  34. 34. Jake SaundersJake Saunders • Area of investigation: a comparative analytical study of the representations of homosexuality in British and Hollywood cinema, exploring the different ways in which these are constructed and presented, as well as their social, cultural and political significance
  35. 35. Ross Wood • Area of investigation: a study into the extent to which Tom Hanks solo performances have established him as an auteur
  36. 36. Nancy CampopianoNancy Campopiano • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: Representations of corruption in Africa and its social and political effects on Western perceptions of Africa
  37. 37. Alex FlynnAlex Flynn • Critical Approach: Institution/ Technology • Area of investigation: The impact of Pixar on the development and reception of contemporary animation feature films
  38. 38. Harry Mills • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: A comparison of American mainstream and independent films and the social and political commentary these films make pertaining to adolescence
  39. 39. Hayley Morris • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: How 1970’s musicals rebelled against the societal norms on gender and sexuality
  40. 40. Caroline GittinsCaroline Gittins • Critical Approach: Auteur Study • Area of investigation: The collaboration of Tim Burton and Johnny Depp and their construction of protagonists as a defining feature of their auteur signature
  41. 41. Deborah ObeskiDeborah Obeski • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: The social and political implications of the civil rights movement as represented across a body of film
  42. 42. Lawrence SalisburyLawrence Salisbury • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: How films represent American ideologies and societal views of homosexuality within the period that they were set
  43. 43. Lauren ScotcherLauren Scotcher • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: The social and political commentary offered on 9/11 across a body of films and the effect they have hand on perceptions of America
  44. 44. Nick StoreyNick Storey • Critical Approach: Social & Political • Area of investigation: Ideologies of the Iraq war as depicted across a body films
  45. 45. Summer HomeworkSummer Homework 1. Create a Small Scale blog – email the link to rajib@welling.bexley.sch.uk 2. Complete the task one sheet 3. Complete the tack two sheet. Write down a list of your favourite films or films that you have found interesting and enjoyable to watch 4. 4 look back at your list, write out questions that could be investigated from the films 5. Put all initial thoughts an feelings (that’s points 2 – 4) into a presentation that will be given during the first lesson back
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