Possible game – read, remember quiz – for the single lessonHIGNFY Mondays 23.35 repeats, original schedule Fridays 9pm
Also same lesson for year 12Write three more opposing points for each to include the words SCRIPTNARRATIVEHUMOUR
Uses and Grats
Uses and Grats
Uses and Grats
1. How are Scrubs and HIGNFYdifferent?• AIM• To consider the differences between Scrubsand Have I got News for you• To have a set of revision notes• To test how quickly you can absorb knowldge
2. Describe the shows• Scrubs is an Americansitcom set in a hospital thatfollows the lives and lovesof the staff. It is unusual fora sitcom in that there is avoice-over letting us hearthe thoughts of the maincharacter JD, who is adoctor at the hospital. Thecomedy comes mostly fromrapid-fire dialogue and JD’scomments on what’s goingon, but also from strange‘daydream’ sequences• Have I Got News For You isa games show where tworegular panellists and twoguest compete to answerquestions about events inthe news. Their aim is to beas funny as possible whiledoing so. The two regularpanellists are comedianPaul Merton and thesatirical journalist IanHislop.
3. Two different sorts of comedy?SCRUBS• Situation Comedy• Scrubs is a drama. Theactors play charactersdelivering a script.• Scrubs has a narrative thatis resolved in some way atthe end of the episode.• The humour in Scrubscomes from everydaysituationsHIGNFY• Comedy Panel game• HIGNFY is a performance. Thepanellists play themselves and itis supposed to be unscripted.• HIGNFY has a loose narrative inwhich players compete for pointsand the teams win or lose at theend, but this is far less importantthan the laughs generated alongthe way.• the humour in HIGNFY comes, forexample, from attacking thestupidity of people and events inthe news.SUB-GENRE? SUB-GENRE?
4. How are they aimed at differentaudiences?SCRUBS• Young adult audience• It has a fast pace• Young adult maincharacters• Often incorporates rock,pop and indie music• Similar visual style to othersitcoms aimed at youngaudiences, such asEverybody Hates ChrisHIGNFY• Older audience• Aimed at those interestedin the news – as it oftenasks questions aboutpolitical events• Therefore it addresses anaudience who would bemore likely to readnewspapersHOW ARE THEIR AUDIENCESTARGETED?
5. Two different sorts ofchannels?• a niche audience channel thataims to appeal to the youngaudience that is very attractive toadvertisers• E4 is part of a public institution -Channel 4 is owned by the Britishpublic and is not designed tomake a profit.• However, E4 is a commercialchannel and a non-PSB digitalchannel.• This means that E4 can show anyprogrammes that it thinks willattract an audience, in any order.• mass audience channel that aimsto attract the full range of theBritish audience.• The BBC is not funded byadvertising but by the licence fee.• Therefore it is a PSB and has aduty to educate, inform andentertain the whole Britishpublic.• This means BBC1 programmeshave to be popular, but have tohave an extra quality - being verywell made, having educationalvalue or representing all thedifferent parts of Britain, forexample.
6. Two different sorts ofchannels?• E4 can import lots of cheapAmerican programmes likeScrubs.• E4 can show the sameprogramme twice in a strippedschedule (e.g. at 12.15 pm and12.45 pm every day).• E4 are competing with lots ofdifferent digital channels, so itneeds to have a schedule that iseasy for the casual viewer tounderstand - so it stripsprogrammes across the week.• PSB channels have to show a lotof original material• PSB channels have to have amixed schedule with differentgenres of programmes
7. Do the shows meet thechannels remit?• E4 is a young channel that,like Channel 4, aims to bemore daring and excitingthan its competitors.• It needs a programme thatis popular, entertaining, butnot too mainstream to fitthis brand image.• Scrubs attracts the righttarget audience and is freshand different enough to fitE4s brand image.• HIGNFY - proved itself popularwhen it was shown on BBC2, sothis justified moving it to BBC1• It is an entertaining programmefor a fairly wide target audience.• It was set up to be more thanfunny, however. Ian Hislop waschosen as he is a moralisticjournalist who has seriousopinions about news. It wasoriginally expected that PaulMerton would provide the jokesand Ian Hislop would provide theopinion. This gives theprogramme the opportunity toinform, as well as entertain.
8. Different audience pleasures?• The situation comedy offersnarrative pleasures• we can follow a story as itunfolds throughout an episodeand, in the case of Scrubs,from one episode to the next.• We identify with one or moreof the characters - we feel forthem and want the best forthem, though in JDs case thiscan be spoiled by his obviousweaknesses and stupidity.• We are rewarded as loyalviewers by understandingevents that are only explainedby what happened in previousepisodes. For example, onlyviewers of the pilot episodeknow why the Janitor isconstantly playing practicaljokes on JD.THIS MEANS
9. Different audience pleasures?• We get the pleasure ofnarrative resolution. Asitcom will have one ora few storylines thatcome to someconclusion at the end ofthe episode.• Scrubs offers a mix ofserious and comicstorylines.• We might sympathisewith characters as wellas laugh at them.
10. Different audience pleasures?• Have I Got News ForYou also has a narrative,but who wins the gameis much less importantto the audience thanthe laughs they getalong the way.• One pleasure that Have I GotNews For You offers that Scrubsdoesnt is that it gives aviewpoint on events in the news.• This can add to the audiencessense of security brought aboutby the feeling that you knowwhat is going on in the world andlistening to other peoplesopinions about these events• Have I Got News For You also hasa track record in attacking therich and powerful, such as toppoliticians and business people.• This satire, apart from beingentertaining, may also help thepoor and less powerful feelbetter about themselves.
11. Differentschedules?SCRUBS• Scrubs is scheduled at 8.45am, 2pmand 2.30pm every day on weekdays.Saturday 2.05pm, 2.45pm and3.05pm, Sunday 9.05am and 9.35 am• The afternoon slots are part of therolling programme of repeats withwhich E4 fills its daytime schedules• Scrubs is scheduled before thewatershed, so has to be a programmethat is suitable for children. It fits thisrequirement because, though it doescontain some sexual content, it is notsexually explicit, or violent, and itdoes not contain excessive badlanguage. It is, however, a slick andreasonably adult comedy that wouldappeal to a teenage audience.HIGNFY• scheduled at 9 pm on Fridays. It isrepeated the next day.• 9 pm is when BBC1 schedules itsshowcase dramas and documentaries.• This suggests that 9 pm is the premierslot on weekdays on BBC1.• The slots before Have I Got News ForYou from 8 pm to 9 pm on BBC1 arefilled with very mainstreamprogrammes, such as Eastenders at 8pm, and the slot after Have I Got NewsFor You is filled with a comedy -making the 9 till 10 slot on Fridaynights a regular comedy slot. Thissuggests that Have I Got News For Youis being aimed at a large, mainstreamaudience that likes to wind down tocomedy at the end of the week.• Have I Got News For You is scheduledjust after the watershed. This means itis allowed to feature adultcontent, which is important for a topicalnews show.
12. Similar audience pleasures?Bothprogrammes useverbal comedy.Both programmes have regularcharacters that become familiarto regular viewers.Both programmesdeal with real-lifeissues.