Presentation of EPF Migration programPresentation Transcript
Migration Resource Centers – Serve to Assist Labor Migrants and Their Families Presented by Anahit Gevorgyan, President of Martuni Women’s Community Council and Migration and Returnees Resource Center February 22, 200 9 Photo by Onik Krikoryan
Migration and Returnees Resource Centers Function in: Armavir, Goris, Charentsavan, Sissian,Vanadzor, Noyemberyan, Martuni
In 2006, a Resource Centers’ Network was established with the support of the Eurasia Partnership Foundation (EPF)
Goal of the Network:
Contribute to prevention of illegal migration and addressing potential consequences thereof.
Impact of Migration on the Community and Families
Due to shortage of labor force, land plots gradually are deserted
Village communities grow old
Often, inefficient migrant work leads to family conflicts.
90% of migrants lives in the host country on illegal basis
Work without an employment contract
Work without maintaining elementary work safety rules
Often become victims of trafficking
Have problems with local police, labor inspectorate and heath institutions.
Services provided by Resource Centers
Provide advisory services (through face to face meetings, hotline);
Ensuring awareness of rural communities on migration policies effective in the Republic and abroad
Increase public awareness on labor migration rules, effective laws of host countries (by TV, dissemination of printed information materials).
Work with the Regional Employment Centres
Reintegrate returnees in the society by informing migrants about available job opportunities in the Armenian labor market.
Services provided by Resource Centers
Conduct skills building training for returnees
Provide consulting/training for initiating local small/medium businesses
Establish links with similar structures operating inside and outside of the Republic of Armenia
Conduct survey of labor market demand in Russian Federation and connect the information with job seekers and job providers.
Success Stories: Sissian Resource Center
Assistance to migrants to find a job through a qualified service: 200 labor migrants were provided with information on job availability in Tumen oblast’ and got employed on legal terms.
The Center managed to help a potential migrant from one of 33 communities of Syunik region to begin a small business. Through the help of experts he was able to develop his own business and opened a small shop in a community. The Center helped him to get a loan from ArdshinInvest Bank and to develop his business .
Noyemberian Resource Center :
Established working relations with Armenian Diaspora community and employers of Lipetsk region (Russia). Conducted survey of labor market demand in Lipetsk region (Russia), ensured public awareness in Armenia.
Goris Resource Center:
6 Families got legally registered and were able to register their small businesses
With the legal assistance from the RC, 7 migrants were compensated their travel expenses after they were rejected a contract despite prior agreement with Moscow authorities, returned to Armenia and opened a small business.
Success Stories: Martuni Resource Center
Studied problems most frequently faced by Armenian nationals in Russia
Established working relations with similar centers in Omsk and Novosibirsk (Armenian communities, federal migration services, employers).
Around 80 migrants and returnees were provided with CV writing, career search skills, and
Participated in “How to start a new business?” training courses.
Labor Market in Martuni
Job Fairs were organized at the local level, where:
25 employers participated
300 unemployed attended
17 unemployed succeeded in finding a job
10-15 daily phone calls are received at the NGO’s office with the request to be enrolled in the next Job Fair.
Job Fair in Martuni
The number of beneficiaries having received services of RC in the past 12 months
Sissian – 312
Charentsavan – 271
Armavir - 120
Martuni - 350
Goris - 340
Noyemberian - 539
Vanazor - 520
Recently, the government of Russia issued a decision to reduce foreign labor quotas
According to the experts, the reduction of quotas in particular will not contribute to relieving gradually deepening economic crises in Russia. However, the specified measure may result in the following:
Migrant workers will continue to stay in illegal arena;
Many migrants will have to return empty-handed;
At the same time, returnees will face major difficulties in finding jobs.
The Role of RCs in overcoming Economic Crises
International economics demonstrates that: the new economic situation will be overcome by involvement of highly-qualified and well educated specialists in the development process
The role of RCs in re-integration of returnees will be strengthened by:
Training of specialists in accordance with labor market demand
Organization of events promoting increased employment locally (Job Fairs)
Dissemination of information about lending/credit opportunities for small and medium businesses.
Collaboration of RCs with local stakeholders (Employment Centers) to coordinate the survey and practical assistance provided to migrants;
Development of strong working linkeages with stakeholders in Russian Federation and other countries of destination for insuring legal migration and protection of elementary human rights;
Advocate for the need to develop the re-integration strategy for Returnees, the number of the which will increase in the light of latest economic trends.