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Week 1 gb course

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Week 1 gb course Week 1 gb course Presentation Transcript

  • Green Building Course Week 1
  • Introduction Tim Middleton tim.ian.middleton@gmail.com Worklounge 03 Architects (http://www.03-x.com) VILANDCO Green Building Consulting LOTUS Accredited Professional
  • Japan Foundation Library Interior
  • Question: What is Green Building?
  • “Green buildings can be defined as healthy facilities designed and built in a resource efficient manner using ecologically based principles, reducing building impacts on human health and environment. Green buildings are also sometimes referred as high performance buildings or sustainable construction (Kibert 2008)”
  • Importance of Sustainable Built Environments
  • The Greenhouse effect greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O, NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) (Source: UNEP)
  • URBANISATION IN VIETNAM 2010 2020 2030 *Source: VGBC, World Bank, US Census, Vietnam Office of Statistics
  • ENERGY IN VIETNAM *Source: VGBC • Energy deficit by 2015 of 10%, rising to 70% in 2025 •Energy prices set to drastically increase few times a year
  • WASTE IN VIETNAM *Source: Ministry of Construction & Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Oct 2010 , VGBC • Viet Nam’s solid waste production is set to almost double by 2020 • Out of the 91 national landfill sites, only 17 are considered sanitary with 41 of them considered a high environmental and human health risk
  • CLIMATE CHANGE RISK *Source: World Bank 2007 , VGBC • A 1m SLR will impact on 10% of Viet Nam’s DP and 11% of the population
  • DEFORESTATION *Source: FAO, VGBC •Over 50% area lost in 5 years , Vietnam could lose all of its primary forest by 2020 •Causing possible extinction of rare and endemic Vietnamese species
  • BUILDING IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT *Source: VGBC
  • AVERAGE SAVINGS OF GREEN BUILDINGS *Source: VGBC
  • “The world doesn’t need us. It has been through the Ice Age, meteor showers and other extreme weather elements. It is ourselves we need to save”
  • History of Green Building
  • Vernacular Architecture Where do these buildings come from?
  • International Style Architecture Where do these buildings come from? Hint: Phoenix (US), Singapore, Ottawa (Canada), Sydney (Aus)
  • Is Building Technology and Design constantly improving over time?
  • Greenhouses
  • Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton 1851
  • Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Milan, Italy (1877)
  • Technological advancements, new typologies: Home Life Insurance Bldg, Chicago 1885 (William Le Baron Jenney and Louis Sullivan) Steel, Concrete, Glass, Elevators, AC
  • The Oil Crisis: 1973 (embargo) 1979 (Iranian Revolution) 1990 (Gulf War) 2013 (sustained increase in demand ??)
  • Current Ideas and Movements >Case Study research topics
  • ① Life Cycle -Modularity -Construction/demolition -Embodied energy -Cradle to cradle
  • ② Sustainable Materials Recycled Rapidly Renewable Reuse Local Materials
  • ③ Biomimicry
  • ④ High Performance Façade -OTTV -Natural Light -Evaporation -Double skin
  • ⑤ Transit Oriented Development -Walkable Cities -New Urbanism
  • ⑥ Renewable Energy -Zero Energy Building/Office -Low Energy Building/Office
  • ⑦ Ecological Sustainability
  • ⑧ Traditional Vernacular -Vietnamese -Regional
  • ⑨ Social Sustainability -Urban Agriculture -Interactive -Sustainable Affordable Housing -Educational Building