Week 1 gb course

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Week 1 gb course

  1. 1. Green Building Course Week 1
  2. 2. Introduction Tim Middleton tim.ian.middleton@gmail.com Worklounge 03 Architects (http://www.03-x.com) VILANDCO Green Building Consulting LOTUS Accredited Professional
  3. 3. Japan Foundation Library Interior
  4. 4. Question: What is Green Building?
  5. 5. “Green buildings can be defined as healthy facilities designed and built in a resource efficient manner using ecologically based principles, reducing building impacts on human health and environment. Green buildings are also sometimes referred as high performance buildings or sustainable construction (Kibert 2008)”
  6. 6. Importance of Sustainable Built Environments
  7. 7. The Greenhouse effect greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O, NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) (Source: UNEP)
  8. 8. URBANISATION IN VIETNAM 2010 2020 2030 *Source: VGBC, World Bank, US Census, Vietnam Office of Statistics
  9. 9. ENERGY IN VIETNAM *Source: VGBC • Energy deficit by 2015 of 10%, rising to 70% in 2025 •Energy prices set to drastically increase few times a year
  10. 10. WASTE IN VIETNAM *Source: Ministry of Construction & Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Oct 2010 , VGBC • Viet Nam’s solid waste production is set to almost double by 2020 • Out of the 91 national landfill sites, only 17 are considered sanitary with 41 of them considered a high environmental and human health risk
  11. 11. CLIMATE CHANGE RISK *Source: World Bank 2007 , VGBC • A 1m SLR will impact on 10% of Viet Nam’s DP and 11% of the population
  12. 12. DEFORESTATION *Source: FAO, VGBC •Over 50% area lost in 5 years , Vietnam could lose all of its primary forest by 2020 •Causing possible extinction of rare and endemic Vietnamese species
  13. 13. BUILDING IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT *Source: VGBC
  14. 14. AVERAGE SAVINGS OF GREEN BUILDINGS *Source: VGBC
  15. 15. “The world doesn’t need us. It has been through the Ice Age, meteor showers and other extreme weather elements. It is ourselves we need to save”
  16. 16. History of Green Building
  17. 17. Vernacular Architecture Where do these buildings come from?
  18. 18. International Style Architecture Where do these buildings come from? Hint: Phoenix (US), Singapore, Ottawa (Canada), Sydney (Aus)
  19. 19. Is Building Technology and Design constantly improving over time?
  20. 20. Greenhouses
  21. 21. Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton 1851
  22. 22. Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Milan, Italy (1877)
  23. 23. Technological advancements, new typologies: Home Life Insurance Bldg, Chicago 1885 (William Le Baron Jenney and Louis Sullivan) Steel, Concrete, Glass, Elevators, AC
  24. 24. The Oil Crisis: 1973 (embargo) 1979 (Iranian Revolution) 1990 (Gulf War) 2013 (sustained increase in demand ??)
  25. 25. Current Ideas and Movements >Case Study research topics
  26. 26. ① Life Cycle -Modularity -Construction/demolition -Embodied energy -Cradle to cradle
  27. 27. ② Sustainable Materials Recycled Rapidly Renewable Reuse Local Materials
  28. 28. ③ Biomimicry
  29. 29. ④ High Performance Façade -OTTV -Natural Light -Evaporation -Double skin
  30. 30. ⑤ Transit Oriented Development -Walkable Cities -New Urbanism
  31. 31. ⑥ Renewable Energy -Zero Energy Building/Office -Low Energy Building/Office
  32. 32. ⑦ Ecological Sustainability
  33. 33. ⑧ Traditional Vernacular -Vietnamese -Regional
  34. 34. ⑨ Social Sustainability -Urban Agriculture -Interactive -Sustainable Affordable Housing -Educational Building

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