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This is a portfolio for Tim Middleton, updated 2012 showing experience and works in the field of Architecture, Urban Design and Green Building

This is a portfolio for Tim Middleton, updated 2012 showing experience and works in the field of Architecture, Urban Design and Green Building

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  • 1. PORTFOLIOTIM MIDDLETONtim.ian.middleton@gmail.com
  • 2. PORTFOLIO Tim Middleton tim.ian.middleton@gmail.com +84 12 6601 3733 +61 401589230 EDUCATION2007 - 2008 University of Sydney M. Architecture2008 Kyushu University. Japan Exchange (1 semester)2003 - 2005 University of Sydney, Australia B. Design (Architecture/Urban Design and Planning) 1996 - 2001 Merewether High School, Newcastle, Australia
  • 3. ACHIEVEMENTS2011 Certified LOTUS Accredited Professional2008 Special prize in Australian national Japanese Speech Contest, Open Division2008 1st Place in NSW State Japanese Speech Contest, Open Division2005 Level 1 Japanese Proficiency 2005 Dean’s Honour List (B. Design)2003 Dean’s Merit Scholarship for Bachelor of Design (Architecture) 2001,2004 3rd Place in NSW state Japanese Speech Contest SKILLSSoftware AutoCAD Sketchup Vectorworks Maya Adobe: Photoshop Illustrator InDesign After Effects PreziLanguage Fluent in Japanese (written and spoken) Intermediate VietnameseOther Green Building Urban design Social sustainability and development
  • 4. REFERENCESGrahame EdwardsDirector Urban Futures Groupgrahame@urbanfutures.com.au+61 0419 695 062Darren O’DeaESD/Sustainability Manager Inhabit Groupdarren.odea@inhabitgroup.com+84 12 9409 9149Professor Atsushi DeguchiUrban Design / Architecture Kyushu Universityatsushi@arch.kyushu-u.ac.jp
  • 5. EXPERIENCE Company Vietnam Green Building Council Period 4/2011- 4/2012 Work Technical Researcher/Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development LOTUS EX (AYAD) program IS TING BU DRAFT C ILDING HECKLIST 16.01.20 Main Projects Technical Development of the LOTUS tial V1.0 12 Residen Existing Building Rating Tool Non- al Man ualLOTUS Technic October 2011 Technical Development and maintenance of other LOTUS Rating Tools Development of Green Building O R SI VE OP OT AT ER L I ON PI &M CE AIN TEN A N Education Modules and exams Participation in conferences on Green Building and Energy Efficiency in Buildings Assistance with certification of LOTUS projects Graphic design work for diagrams, marketing and website materials (including LOTUS covers and website banner below) vgbc.org.vn
  • 6. 南庭には日差しをコントロー ルできるように落葉樹を中心 内装は自然素材を中心とし、長寿命の に植栽します。 住宅を目指します。 EXPERIENCE Company Hiroyuki Shinozaki Architects Period 4/2010- 12/2010 Work Architectural design Concept design Model making Work on presentations for competions and clients Main Projects Competions in Taiwan; Girl’s school dorm in Taichung ZhongXing New TownHUALIEN STATION_ROOF CONCEPT 1 2 Taichung Aiport Hualien train station ・屋根は花蓮の背景になる山を象徴している redevelopment・屋根があがったりさがったり して、ダイナミックな空間をつく  山が海に下りて行く る。 ように、 コンコースからホームや新築の部分から既存の1階の部分が緩やかに繋いでいく Competitions in Japan;・山の谷間から雨水が集まって川に流れるように、 屋根の形によって、 自然に雨水を流しだせる Park in Zushi (Kanagawa)・屋根の形によって気持ちいい風が入る/換気ができる Kyouai gakuen university (Gunma) Eco village project (Yokohama) Kamihira Family House (Tokyo) shnzk.com 1 Location Plan and concept for Zushi Park competition・ 3 屋根の形と実際花蓮駅の後ろにある山が調和する 2 Perspective sketch of a house for the Yokohama Eco village ・屋根によって、既存の立面が面白くなり、駅の再生ができる competition 3 Perspective of proposed addition to Hualien Station
  • 7. EXPERIENCE Company Level Orange Architects Period 2/2009- 1/2010 Work Management of projects Communication with consultants/ clients Preparation of DAs/CC Documentation and Construction Documentation Architectural design and detailing Attending design meetings and site Main Projects Crown Ln Wollongong (DA): 9 storey commercial/residential 1 Bronte Rd, Waverly (DA/CC/CD): Legend 3 storey retail/residential DA APPROVED ENVELOPE LB LETTERBOXES PW Chittaway Bay (DA): PRIVACY WALL 6 5 4 3 2 1 Single dwelling 3925 10895 3800 1650 7720 Enmore Rd Newtown (CD) RL 98.10 ROOF 4 storey retail/residential3000 RL 95.10 SECOND FLOOR ‘The Cazzie’ Kingsford (CD)3000 NOTES: 8 story retail/commencial/ BRONTE RD RL 92.10 FIRST FLOOR COUNCIL REQUIRES, WHEREVER POSSIBLE, THE USE OF RENEWABLE residential TIMBERS AND/OR PLANTATION TIMBERS3000 AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE USE OF NON-RENEWABLE RAINFOREST TIMBER PRODUCTS RL 89.10 GROUND FLOOR APPROX RAMP 2m @ 1:8 APPROX RAMP 5m @ 1:14 G 24/08/09 Section 96 Approved-amendments as per consent conditions F 11/08/09 Amendments for ventilation of3000 OX APPR @ 1:4 bedrooms 7.4m RAMP @ 1:8 APPRO X E 05/05/09 Section 96 issue RAMP 2m RL 86.24 BASEMENT CARPARK D 31/03/09 Amendments to section 96 issue60 C 20/03/09 Amendments to section 96 issue B 18/03/09 Amendments to section 96 issue A 06/03/09 Preliminary section 96 issue NO. DATE NOTE THE BUILDER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SETTING OUT OF THE WORKS, THE CHECKING OF ALL DIMENSIONS AND LEVELS ON SITE, AND THE REPORTING OF ANY DISCREPANCIES TO THE PROPRIETOR PRIOR TO COMMENCEMENT OF 3925 10895 3800 1650 7720 WORK. DO NOT SCALE FROM DRAWINGS. SECTION A - A 6 5 4 3 2 1 levelorange.com.au 2 1 Perspective of the Crown Ln project W: www.levelorange.com.au 6 5 4 3 2 1 T: (02) 93175100 F: (02) 93175150 3925 10895 3800 1650 7720 2 Long Section through the Bronte Rd, Waverly project PO Box 6350 Alexandria NSW 2015 Client Zanet PTY demonstrating heritage considerations/view from the street LTD RL 98.10 ROOF Address 235-239 Bronte RD 3000 Charing Cross RL 95.10 SECOND FLOOR Project Proposed Mixed Use 3000 PW Development D RL 92.10 FIRST FLOOR
  • 8. EXPERIENCE Company Urban Futures Group Period 2/2006 - 2/2008 (1 year full time) Work Urban Design CAD and presentation work Communication with sub consultants/clients Main Projects Sovereign Hills, NSW (New town, pop: 11 000 near Port Macquarie) G4 Project, Kazakhstan (4 new cities) 1 RIPARI AN EDG E STAGING FER AN BUF RIPARI Parking Provided on ground over 3 future sites BTP 4 1 BTP 5 Site Ready for Development BTP 8 BTP 7 Circulation Path Utilised for access to Car Parks BTP 1 BTP 3 Parking Structure built to replace on ground BTP 2 parking as demand rises BTP 6 CP1 1620 sqm 1960sqm CP 2 216 spaces (4lvls) 2 Continued development of street edge moving from 260 spaces (4 lvls) the Main Street Westward CONCEPT Activation of the internal streets by development Activation of internal of the 4 quadrants streets in the first block N Pedestrian circulation spine 2nd Parking Structure to meet demand DRAWING AT 1:1000 Main vehicular circulation Continuation of 3 circulation path connecting BUILDING SITE AREA BUILDING GFA PARKING the BTP (sqm) FOOTPRINT REQUIRED BTP BTP1 1560 1260 4610 154 spaces BTP2 1620 1090 3270 109 spaces BTP3 2330* 610 790 26 spaces CALCULATIONS BTP 4 1730 1040 2720 91 spaces BTP 5 1410 920 2400 80 spaces N TOW RE BTP 6 3520* 1050 3150 105 spaces CENT BTP 7 1130 840 2150 72 spaces CONTEXT 4 BTP 8 1540 840 1940 65 spaces WAY total 14840 7650 21 030 702 spaces GH *figure includes area of Car Parking Structure Y HI Completed development OXLE CAR PARKING PROVIDED IN STRUCTURE 476 of the whole BTP including CAR PARKING PROVIDED IN STREETS 121 The Northern sites 1 Concept Design for Sovereign Hills Town Centre (Urban total 597 Research Strategy Design Project Title: PORT MACQUARIEurbanfutures SOVEREIGN HILLS BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY PARK Drawing No: 06 - 044 1 of 22 3 group Futures Group) BTP CONCEPT DESIGN Date : 10/10/06 2 Concept for Business Park in Sovereign Hills 3 Block Sketchup model of Sovereign Hills Town Centre
  • 9. ACTIVITIES Competition Green Roof Domain 2010 This competition was for students, architects and designers in Japan, the brief being to imagine a new type of public space. I considered the abundant underused roof space existing in our cities and imagined a new vibrant space, connecting rooftop to rooftop. By introducing ROOF STRUCTURE PLAYGROUND PET AREA VEGETABLE GARDEN planting on the roof, the precious resources of rainwater and sunlight are used as in nature, to produce food, shade and a space to relax and enjoy.GREEN ROOF DOMAIN This space becmae like a park climbing over the city and connectingevery part of the urban fabric to the natural edge, where the city meets nature. It also connects workplaces and activities and to everybody’s front door. This public space is dependant on current technologies and the changing values of society, leading us towards a stronger relationship, intertwined and dependent on the natural environment. PUBLIC SPACE FROM UNDER-UTILIZED ROOFSPACE Our cities consist of vast areas of underused roof space. In this age of sustainability and reducing waste, this presents an oppurtunity to create a new vibrant space, connecting rooftop to rooftop. By planting plants on the roof, the precious resources of rainwater and sunlight are used as in nature, to produce food, shade and a space to relax and enjoy. This space is like a park that climbs over the city and connects every part to the natural edge, workplaces, activities and to everybody’s front door. When moving through the Green Roof Domain you can forget that you are in the HOTEL city, as all of the urban structure and cars are on the layers below you. OFFICE HOTEL This public space is dependant on current technologies and the values of society, leading us towards a stronger OFFICE HOTEL relationship, intertwined and dependent on the natural environment. OFFICE HOTEL OFFICE RESTAURANT SHOPPING RESTAURANT STATION SHOPPING APARTMENT STATION CITY HALL APARTMENT SHOPPING LIBRARY DENTIST OFFFICE CAFE APARTMENT STORAGE CITY HALL APARTMENT SHOPPING APARTMENT APARTMENT SCHOOL APARTMENT APARTMENT APARTMENT APARTMENT APARTMENT PARKING CITY HALL APARTMENT SHOPPING APARTMENT APARTMENT SCHOOL APARTMENT APARTMENT APARTMENT APARTMENT PARKING STUDIO OFFICE CAFE WORKSHOP GARAGE PARKING WAREHOUSE STORAGE PARKING PARKING/BUS STOP PARKING/BUS STOP WORKSHOP PARKING
  • 10. ACTIVITIESVolunteer Habitat for Humanity (Cambodia) Harmony Farm (Cambodia) March-April 2010I participated in a Habitat for Humanity build fora family in a rural area near Siem Reap. Habitat forHumanity provides loans for poor families so theycan build a basic house, giving them a foundation tolift themselves out of poverty. The family is requiredto put in “sweat hours” into building the house andvolunteers also join with them and support the build.After completing the volunteer program with HabitatI also volunteered at a orphanage and school inanother rural area called Harmony Farm near BengMelea temple where I helped experiment with cowdung walls, built a window for the orphanage andassisted with the design and planning of a new housefor the children. habitat.org.au
  • 11. PROJECT: CAVE WALK 2nd Semester 2008 - (Digital Studio) The cave walk explores the potential for a new underground space and passageway connecting Wynyard Station and the soon to be developed Barangaroo site in Sydney. This design studio focused on digital design and process. A combination of 3D modelling (Maya), liquid modelling (Real Flow), animation (After Effects), CAD, Rapid prototyping, and hand-modelling advanced the design. In researching space, network/station, movement and flow, the metaphor of caves was implemented to contrast with the experience of walking through tunnels in the city XRAY VIEW OF TUNNELS and the rigidity of the urban horizontal and vertical dimensions. The space is dynamic, varying in scale and quality as well as being well connected with the world above. The path of the tunnels was extracted from a flooding of the city with liquid in Real Flow and then connected to key intersections, parks and paved areas. This consequently became not only the human access but an opening allowing light, ventilation and a visual connection with the above ground. The quality of light moving as in an oculus across the surface of the tunnel provides experiences, unique to particular times of the day and year. The materiality is bare sandstone, exposing the natural layering of rocks. The resulting space provides the user with an increased awareness of the sky and the earth, both of which areWINTER 10:30 WINTER 12:30 WINTER 14:30 SUMMER 10:30 SUMMER 12:30 SUMMER 14:30 obstructed in the modern city.
  • 12. C C 配置図 1:500 構造ダイヤグラム 3 ? PROJECT: 3 FLOATING FAMILY A A A A A A 1 1 C 1st Semester 2008 - (Exchange) C C 4 平面図_1階 1:50 平面図_2階 1:50 平面図_3階 1:50 断面図_A 1:50 The design process for this residential project began B B B 1 2 1 2 by “designing” the family. In contemplating the differences between family life in Australia and Japan I also noticed many commonalities. One such is the change over time as the family grows with the arrival 0年 5-10年 5-20年 32年 新婚夫婦 子供2人 子供3人 子供の自立 (MAX) 客室・茶室 A A A 柔軟性:家族構成シナリオ_3階 1:100 立面図 1:50 of children and then shrinks again as they leave home. 断面図_C 1:50 1 This house explores a type of flexibility allowing a C great variety of space formation in the bedroom level 断面図_B 1:50 (3rd). The outside translucent walls are formed by 平面図_3階 1:50 segments of circles of set radii, allowing a partitioning of space by dividers of the same width. As the walls can be placed anywhere on the pivot, larger and smaller rooms with interesting plans can be sectioned off according to the needs of the changing family. 断面図_C 1:50 The site is a a long rectangle in a traditional Japanese “Machiya” area of Fukuoka. In keeping with the 2 3 streetscape, a flat facade was employed, giving hints of the design by a slight overhang of the curved form over the street. A courtyard/garden is possible on the site by lifiting the building off the ground plane. Access to the rooms is by spiral staircases allowing free vertical circulation. 1 Progressive plan showing usage of space at different stages of the family cycle 2 Long Section through house 4 5 3 Model showing courtyard and floating bedrooms above 4 Sketchup Render looking from carport 5 Sketchup Render aerial view
  • 13. CR (1-3) +2.4 CR (1-2) PROJECT: HAKOZAKI PRIMARY SCHOOL +1.2 CR (1-1) +0 手洗 手洗 +0 +0 メディアルーム +0 低学年入口 (履き替え) 舞台 +0 ビジター・先生の駐車場 -2.0 幼稚園の遊ぶゾーン +0.5 (varies) 低学年の遊ぶゾーン 1st Semester 2008 - (Exchange) (観戦スロープ) 体育館 -1.0 (観戦スロープ) Hakozaki is a very flat suburb on the river delta of Fukuoka Japan. Visiting the existing school, one thing (観戦スロープ) (観戦スロープ) 運動場 -2.0 メイン入口 観察池 校長室 事務室 +0.2 that stood out was the process in Japanese schools of “hakikae”. Whenever you move from inside to out the +0.2 (観戦スロープ) (観戦スロープ) 野菜の栽培  職員室 one must always change shoes at a specified change -0.8 スポーツ設備 準備 -2.0 理科 -2.0 生活科・家庭科 -2.0 準備 PC -0.5 音楽 -1.0 高学年入口 (履き替え) -1.2 手洗 -1.0 手洗 -1.0 CR (3-2) -1.0 CR (3-1) +0.2 掃除の 倉庫 +0.2 印刷室 +0.2 職員室 -0.8 会議室 -0.8 in level. This can be a complex design issue, but also has potential to be used as an organisational element. With the 2 observations, flat terrain and “hakikae”1 2 I decided to challenge the typical flat section of Hakozaki while exploring the idea of level change. Another intention in the design was to turn the school “inside-out”. Most Japanese schools are buildings floating in the middle of the site, the remaining space becomes the grounds. In order to create a presence on the street as well as make the playground the gathering point I moved the built form to the edge. In a celebration of these concepts, the lunch rooms form a bridge connecting the 2 sides of the school. They are half sunk into the ground, with the displaced earth forming a hill for watching sports on the playing fields. Classrooms follow a module which are connected3 4 to other classrooms by a shared semi-indoor space consisting of stairs which are both play area and oustide learning space. 1 Sketchup Render aerial view 2 Ground Floor Plan5 3 Sketchup Aerial Perspecctive 4 Sketchup view from classroom across playground 5 Sketch Long Section through playground
  • 14. 17. PROJECT: 1. STONE PAVING 19. GARDEN OF WONDER 2nd Semester 2007 - (Urban Studio) 2. 150mm CONCRETE 20. SLAB 3. GRADED AGGREGATE BASE FOUNDATION 4. SUB- GRADE SOIL 5. DRAINAGE PIPE 6. 250mm REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB 18. 7. WATER PROOFING MEMBRANE 8. COMPACT FILL Questacon, the National Science Museum in Australia approached the Sydney University Architecture 9. STEEL PLATE 10. 400mm BY 800mm CONCRETE PAD FOOTING 11. 100mm HEBEL BLOCK WALL 12. 50mm TIMBER BATTERN 13. 20mm BY 85mm WOODEN PANELS faculty, seeking input of ideas for an outdoor 14. 30mm BY 85mm WOODEN FLOOR BOARDS science park, “The garden of wonder”. This had many challenges as a student project, including the scale of 15. 75mm BY 300mm WOODEN FLOOR JOISTS @ 1275mm C 16. 15mm PLYWOOD SUBFLOOR 17. ALUMINIUM FLASHING CAP 18. POLYCARBONATE PANEL the project (over 1 Ha site), the significance of the site1 19. STEEL C- SECTION 20. STEEL FLANGE PLATE 12mm 21. 220mm DIA STEEL HOLLOW COLUMN 22. 150mm PLASTIC DOWN PIPE (located in the parliamentary triangle, Canberra) and the specialised nature of the building type and brief. 1. In Canberra, the buildings there are generally 2. 3. 4. monumental structures in free space leading to two 12. 13. main problems. The first is a lack of human scale, 11. 21. especially for the pedestrian. The second issue is a loss of identity as all the buildings compete with each 14. other for prominence in a void-like space. For this reason my design partner and I decided to take the 5. 16. 15. 6. 8. 22. idea of a “walled garden” to begin challenging the 9. existing condition. The walls would be the permanent buildings, creating enclosure. This wall was then2 3 GF 1:20 broken down for permeability and access and then the garden was seen to grow in an organic way from these solid walls. One such buildings is the linear biodome which bulges on the inside of the park from a more solid, but perforated wall to the outside. The theatre which became known as the “lantern” is a translucent geometric structure which forms a cloud around the solid theatre element.4 1 Wall, access and organic growth concept diagram 2 Aerial perspective of the garden 3 Construction section through the lantern wall 4 Elevation of the Linear Biodome wall
  • 15. PROJECT: MARRICKVILLE 1st Semester 2007 - (Sustainable) This studio began from theoretical research with strong focus on the socio-cultural aspects of sustainability. My project took on the issue of car dependency and movement patterns through Sydney. High dependence on cars has significant effects on the urban design and even architectural design of our cities. My brief became to determine what could 3 Marrickville could look like if cars were drastically restricted and applied this to the design of a whole1 city block. Research revealed over-concentration of employment, retail and other zones in certain areas. By the break down of this concentration, one’s daily needs could be reached in a short walk or trip on public transport. This lead to the idea of a series of ”nodes”, which are pockets of employment, retail and services for the community. The nodes are connected by pedestrianised streets which lead to train stations, bus stops, etc for access to other specialised services or other parts of the city. 4 The design became less constrainted by roads, parking and setbacks allowing more amenity, with a range of open spaces to intimate walkways. Apartments were designed with a variety of outdoor spaces including shared courtyards and rooftop terraces as break out space allowing light and ventilation. 1 Proposal for community nodes (Orange), connected by pedestrianised streets (blue) to train stations (black) 2 Sketchup, Possible organic form of a node containing residential, retail, community facilities, business and services 3 Quality of a “street” in a typical node. Higher density, but 2 5 higher amenity. 4 potential redevelopment of Marrickville Station, utilising its connection to the rest of Sydney 5 Screenshot from sketchup animation showing a journey through the pedestrianised streets of one of the nodes.
  • 16. PROJECT: MIDDLE HEAD VISITOR CENTRE 2nd Semester 2004 Middle head is a site rich in natural beauty as well as history and culture. Its history began with the aboriginal people of the area who used the site and similar headlands as lookouts over the harbour (“caba caba”). This is one of the best vantage points, where they would have first seen the English settlers enter1 2 Sydney Harbour. This vantage point made Middle Head ideal to build a defence fort for Sydney Harbour as well, and the remains of the fortifications, round circular spaces with tunnels connecting them, can still be explored on the site. This was the inspiration for the visitor centre, a lookout hill that could be climbed, to get an even better view of the harbour , with a green roof to reduce the visual impact of the structure. The planning followed 4 diagramatically, a series of circles connected by curves, weaving into the landscape in both plan and section. 5 1 Sketch abstraction of the view of North and South head from on first site visit 2 Initial concept sketch3 3 Final plan and section 4 Photograph of middle head from the harbour 5 Sketch model made of wire mesh
  • 17. PROJECT: GLEBE STUDENT HOUSING 1st Semester 2004 The brief was a house for 8 students that was environmentally and socially sustainable on a difficult triangular block in Glebe. My approach was a progression from built form to nature which pivoted on the existing tree, located on the street corner of the site. The Catherine Street facade of precast concrete panels softens to a wooden language, meshing into the garden in materiality and form towards1 2 Westmoreland Street. The bedrooms are all unique in plan and function. They have different openings onto individual sitting balconies and storage space integrated into the architecture through sectional overlaps. Sustainable techniques employed include the encouragement of bicycle use, rainwater tank and catching system (with 1st flush head), northern orientation, adjustable openings, solar cells, thermal mass and vegetable gardening. 1 Context and geometry of the site, showing how the clashing sides of the street inform the geometry of the built 3 form 2 Sketch showing one of the bedroom’s character 3 Plan and long section of the house
  • 18. Location of Hot-dry desert climates PROJECT: COOLBOX Place Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul 1. Khartoum, Sudan 32 20 6 34 15 4 38 11 2 41 10 3 42 13 8 41 18 12 38 3 2. Object Design (2nd Semester 2008) Niamey, Niger 34 12 1 37 12 3 41 11 5 42 18 13 41 35 23 38 44 24 34 5 3. Islamabad, Pakistan 16 40 2 19 40 5 24 30 5 31 25 9 37 15 6 40 20 13 36 4 4. Baghdad, Iraq 16 51 6 18 42 5 22 36 6 29 34 12 36 19 9 41 13 7 43 1 5. Aswan, Egypt 23 29 4 26 22 3 31 17 3 36 15 5 39 15 8 42 16 11 41 1 The CoolAlice Springs, Australia inspired35 24 the Pot-in-Pot and 5 6. box project, 36 23 12 by 11 32 25 10 27 28 7 23 32 19 35 3 19 3 Coolgardie SafeBurkina Faso on the6 process of evaporative 22 7. Ouagadougou, relies 33 19 37 19 10 40 20 13 39 28 17 38 40 36 49 24 33 6 8. Ndjamena, Chad 34 13 2 37 10 0 40 10 3 42 13 8 40 30 19 38 40 22 33 5 cooling. In hot dry climates, the lack of max (°C) average daily humidity means that evaporation occurs at ahumidity-pm (%) relative very high rate. dew point (°C) Evaporation is an endothermic process and will Pot-in-pot (Mohammed Coolgardie Safe Coolbox (interior) 2Bah Abba) remove heat from the air around, hence giving a Climatic Data (from www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/) cooling effect. BACKGROUND The coolbox was designed for extending the life The Coolbox project, inspired by the pot-in-pot and Coolgardie Safe is of food in hot dry climates. It consists of a double COOL BOX layered perspex box allowing the inner compartment based on the process of evaporitive cooling. In hot dry climates, the lack of 3 4 humidity means evaporation occurs at a much greater rate. Evaporation is an 7 2 8 5 endothermic process and will remove heat from the air around it. The coolbox, 1 to be surrounded by moisture. Water is held in this is made of perspex to hold the water, with perforations to increase air flow. The map and associated climatic data shows some ideal locations for use of layer in water storage crystals, that are usually used for evaporative cooling. 6 gardening as they soak up to 100 times their weight TIM MIDDLETON Hot desert RESPONSE TO BRIEF in water. Perforations in the perspex allow air to pass climatic zones 0316830 through the wet crystals, encouraging evaporation The difference between the mean high and dew point gives an indication of the effectiveness of the system. The pot-in-pot, from Nigeria is said to and cooling of the chamber inside. keep an internal temperature of about 15 degrees. This improves the life of Location of Hot-dry desert climates Aside from some initial experiments, I haven’t had the many vegetable, for example eggplant which may only lasts 3 days without 3 refrigeration, lasts 27 in the pot in pot. The Coolbox is therefore, intended for oppurtunity to test the box in the ideal conditions. Place use in more long-term refugee, disaster or emergency situation, where there is some form of farming, or an intermittent supply of Sep Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug freshOct food.Nov Dec However, the Pot-in-Pot evaporative cooling show 1. 2. Khartoum, Sudan Niamey, Niger 32 20 34 12 6 34 15 1 37 12 4 38 11 3 41 11 2 41 10 3 42 13 8 41 18 12 38 33 19 37 41 22 39 30 18 40 21 14 36 19 5 42 18 13 41 35 23 38 44 24 34 56 24 32 68 25 34 60 25 38 40 22 38 17 9 33 21 9 34 14 8 3 that the internal temperature kept at 15 degrees 3. INNOVATION 40 in Nigeria, improving1:1 life of many vegetables PLAN the Islamabad, Pakistan16 40 2 19 5 24 30 5 31 25 9 37 15 6 40 20 13 36 40 20 34 50 22 34 40 18 32 25 10 28 25 6 20 35 4 4. Baghdad, Iraq 16 51 6 18 42 5 22 36 6 29 34 12 36 19 9 41 13 7 43 12 8 43 13 9 40 15 8 33 22 8 25 39 10 18 52 8 5. Aswan, Egypt 23 29 4 26 22 3 31 17 3 36 15 5 39 15 8 42 16 11 41 16 10 41 18 12 39 19 11 37 21 11 31 26 9 25 31 7 ELEVATION (WITHOUT DOO 6. 7. Water storage crystals13are28an 38 40 22 36 49 24 33 62 attempt32to optimise the 35 23 11 of Alice Springs, Australia Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 33 19 6 37 19 10 40 20 39 17 experimental 25 31 67 24 36 23 12 35 24 11 32 25 10 27 28 7 23 32 60 23 35 44 21 36 30 16 design 5 19 35 3 19 31 1 23 25 2 27 22 3 31 21 6 34 21 9 36 22 11 , for example, eggplant, which would last 27 days PLAN VIEW 1:2 8. the evaporitive cooling 42 13 8 40 30 19 38 are inserted72inside the 41 21 36 17 7 33 16 4 Ndjamena, Chad 34 13 2 37 10 0 40 10 3 system and 40 22 33 59 24 31 25 33 63 25 36 walls surrounding average daily max (°C) the compartment. These crystals, which are able to soak up to 100 times there relative humidity-pm (%) instead of the usual 3 days if it were left at ambient Pot-in-pot (Mohammed Coolgardie Safe Coolbox (interior) weight in waterpoint (°C) the messiness of dripping water (Coolgardie Safe), while dew reduce temperature. have the advantage of being lighter to transport than other water holding TIM MIDDLETON OBJECT DESIGN 22 Bah Abba) materials, like soil (Pot-in-pot). I constructed the coolbox during the object BACKGROUND The Coolbox project, inspired by the pot-in-pot and Coolgardie Safe is DESIGN design course, where our brief was an object for an emergency or refugee situation. I hope to get the based on the process of evaporitive cooling. In hot dry climates, the lack of humidity means evaporation occurs at a much greater rate. Evaporation is an endothermic process and will remove heat from the air around it. The coolbox, The design had many phases, mainly trying to deal with the issue of materials is made of perspex to hold the water, with perforations to increase air flow. The map and associated climatic data shows some ideal locations for use of evaporative cooling. in a wet environment and how to hold the crystals as well as allow air to pass chance to test and experiment more with the design RESPONSE TO BRIEF through. Initially plywood was proposed, but perspex was found to be a more in the future. preferable option. The material (speaker cover material) is allow a bigger hole The difference between the mean high and dew point gives an indication of the effectiveness of the system. The pot-in-pot, from Nigeria is said to without the crystals/water falling out, but also has an aesthetic function, keep an internal temperature of about 15 degrees. This improves the life of many vegetable, for example eggplant which may only lasts 3 days without reminiscent of the Coolgardie Safe hessian, while blocking the view of the 1 Photos of the completed coolbox. The bottom image shows refrigeration, lasts 27 in the pot in pot. The Coolbox is therefore, intended for crystals inside. The choice of wood for the legs was partly an aesthetic but also use in more long-term refugee, disaster or emergency situation, where there is the pockets where the water crystals and water is inserted1 some form of farming, or an intermittent supply of fresh food. INNOVATION 4 provided a way to lift the box off the ground and act as an element to increase the strength of the corners. 2 Pot-in-pot and Coolgardie Safe precedents Water storage crystals are an experimental attempt to optimise the design of the evaporitive cooling system and are inserted inside the walls surrounding 3 Study results, location of ideal climates for application of the compartment. These crystals, which are able to soak up to 100 times there weight in water reduce the messiness of dripping water (Coolgardie Safe), while brief have the advantage of being lighter to transport than other water holding materials, like soil (Pot-in-pot). 4 Photo montage of the coolbox in use DESIGN The design had many phases, mainly trying to deal with the issue of materials in a wet environment and how to hold the crystals as well as allow air to pass through. Initially plywood was proposed, but perspex was found to be a more preferable option. The material (speaker cover material) is allow a bigger hole
  • 19. INSPIRATIONS TRAVEL Travel is a big interest of mine and it has been a big influence on my architectural thinking. It continues to challenge the aspects of design and construction that one accepts as the “norm”. 3 During travel in Europe, Japan, China, and South East Asia I have enjoyed sketching buildings. Taking the time to sketch gives one time to notice and record details that are essential to the architecture of the building or streetscape.1 2 4 6 1 Uspenski Cathedral, Alexey Gornostaev (Helsinki) 2 Street of Seville, Spain 3 Section: Kiasma, Steven Holl (Helsinki) 4 Section: Benesse House, Tadao Ando (Naoshima, Japan) 5 Sketch of my house in Hanoi5 7 6 Ho Tay (West Lake), Hanoi 7 Elevation: Pompidou Centre
  • 20. INSPIRATIONSTRAVELA collage of some of my favourite photos from travelsover the last couple of years.