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Norwegian Directorateof Integration and Diversity(IMDi)<br />Pernille Baardson<br />Senior Advisor<br />20.09.2011 • <br /...
Introduction to<br /><ul><li>Migration history and – policies
The immigrant population
Status
IntroductionProgramme</li></ul>20.09.2011 • <br />2<br />
Migration history in Norway<br />Long history, butfew in numbersuntilrecently<br />Refugees<br />from Hungary in the 1950s...
20.09.2011 • <br />4<br />
20.09.2011 • <br />5<br />
20.09.2011 • <br />6<br />
Integration policies in Norway<br />From a historyofassimilation<br />to successfulintegration?<br />20.09.2011 • <br />7<...
Migrant population in Norway<br />In 1950: 1,4 % ofthepopulation = immigrants<br />In 2011: 12,2 % = immigrants<br />2011:...
20.09.2011 • <br />9<br />
20.09.2011 • <br />10<br />
20.09.2011 • <br />11<br />
The Norwegian context<br />High GNP per capita<br />Lowunemployment rate<br />High labour market participationofbothgender...
The «new» Norway; challenges<br />The Norwegian traditionofequality<br />Childreninheritsocialdifferences<br />Discriminat...
Status<br />Higherunemployment rate among immigrants<br />Lower income<br />Higherdependancyofsocialbenefit<br />20.09.201...
Status <br />BUT<br />High socialmobility<br />Time is crucial<br />Children– some at risk, many do well<br />20.09.2011 •...
20.09.2011 • <br />16<br />
20.09.2011 • <br />17<br />
The IntroductoryProgramme for refugees<br />The IntroductionActof 2004;<br />a newapproach to qualification<br />From clie...
Key elements in theprogramme<br />Norwegian language training, social studies, measuresthatprepare for furthereducation or...
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Norwegian directorate of integration an diversity

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Transcript of "Norwegian directorate of integration an diversity"

  1. 1. Norwegian Directorateof Integration and Diversity(IMDi)<br />Pernille Baardson<br />Senior Advisor<br />20.09.2011 • <br />1<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to<br /><ul><li>Migration history and – policies
  3. 3. The immigrant population
  4. 4. Status
  5. 5. IntroductionProgramme</li></ul>20.09.2011 • <br />2<br />
  6. 6. Migration history in Norway<br />Long history, butfew in numbersuntilrecently<br />Refugees<br />from Hungary in the 1950s<br />from Chile and Vietnam in the 1970s<br />from Iran and Sri Lanka in themid 1980s<br />from the Balkans in the 1990s<br />Labour migration<br />from Pakistan, Turkey and Morocco in the 1970s<br />20.09.2011 • <br />3<br />
  7. 7. 20.09.2011 • <br />4<br />
  8. 8. 20.09.2011 • <br />5<br />
  9. 9. 20.09.2011 • <br />6<br />
  10. 10. Integration policies in Norway<br />From a historyofassimilation<br />to successfulintegration?<br />20.09.2011 • <br />7<br />
  11. 11. Migrant population in Norway<br />In 1950: 1,4 % ofthepopulation = immigrants<br />In 2011: 12,2 % = immigrants<br />2011: 600 000 (100 000 Norwegian-bornwith immigrant parents)<br />Nearly half ofthe immigrants are from Asia, Africa or Latin America<br />4 outof 10 have lived in Norway less than4 years<br />20.09.2011 • <br />8<br />
  12. 12. 20.09.2011 • <br />9<br />
  13. 13. 20.09.2011 • <br />10<br />
  14. 14. 20.09.2011 • <br />11<br />
  15. 15. The Norwegian context<br />High GNP per capita<br />Lowunemployment rate<br />High labour market participationofbothgenders<br />Nordic welfaremodel<br />Limited availabilityoflowskilled jobs<br />Emphasis on host country language skills<br />20.09.2011 • <br />12<br />
  16. 16. The «new» Norway; challenges<br />The Norwegian traditionofequality<br />Childreninheritsocialdifferences<br />Discrimination<br />Religiousdiversity<br />Integration is a two-wayprocess<br />Zero tolerance – threethemes<br />20.09.2011 • <br />13<br />
  17. 17. Status<br />Higherunemployment rate among immigrants<br />Lower income<br />Higherdependancyofsocialbenefit<br />20.09.2011 • <br />14<br />
  18. 18. Status <br />BUT<br />High socialmobility<br />Time is crucial<br />Children– some at risk, many do well<br />20.09.2011 • <br />15<br />
  19. 19. 20.09.2011 • <br />16<br />
  20. 20. 20.09.2011 • <br />17<br />
  21. 21. The IntroductoryProgramme for refugees<br />The IntroductionActof 2004;<br />a newapproach to qualification<br />From client to candidate<br />From safety net to futurecarreer<br />Short time from pilot projects to legislation<br />Key objctive: Furthereducation or entry to thelabour market:<br />Self-sufficiency<br />20.09.2011 • <br />18<br />
  22. 22. Key elements in theprogramme<br />Norwegian language training, social studies, measuresthatprepare for furthereducation or access to thelabour market<br />2 years/3 years<br />Full-time basis<br />Economicbenefit (18 000 euro per year)<br />An individuallyadapted plan<br />20.09.2011 • <br />19<br />
  23. 23. The Introductionprogramme<br />Integration grants to themunicipalities<br />NOK 575 000 (72 000 EUR) per person during a periodof five years<br />The government’sobjective:<br />65% to education or work<br />And theresults?<br />20.09.2011 • <br />20<br />
  24. 24. Results<br />2008: 53%<br />2009: 44%<br />2010: 43%<br />BUT 10% increase one yearafter ending theprogramme<br />Results, men: 49% <br />Results, women: 38%<br />Women, Somalia: 15% - butimproved to 36% after 3 years<br />Women, Eritrea: 61%<br />20.09.2011 • <br />21<br />
  25. 25. Challenges<br />A need for fast tracks<br />Fewincentives to take up employmentearly<br />Men have betterresultsthanwomen<br />20.09.2011 • <br />22<br />
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