MIGRATION IN GREECEGreece remains the main gate for aliens(both refugees and migrants)entering irregularly theEuropean Union. For the most ,the intended final destination is another European countrywith better employment and living prospects or with better asylum system. The totalpopulation of migrants and refugees in the country reaches 1.250.000, almost 11-12% ofthe population, half of them are unauthorized
Gateway to EuropeGreeces geography, whichbecame especially important afterthe formation of Europesborderless Schengen Area, hasalso contributed to the countrystransition to an immigrant-receivingnation. Positioned at thesoutheastern "gate" of theEuropean Union, and withextensive coastlines and easilycrossable borders, Greece hasbecome a common transit countryfor those seeking entry intoEurope.
In 2010, 90 percent of all apprehensions for unauthorized entry into theEuropean Union took place in Greece, compared to 75 percent in 2009 and 50percent in 2008.
Country of Origin %Albania 68.47Bulgaria 4.47Georgia 1.91Rumania 2.88Russia 1.57Ukraine 2.60Pakistan 1.65Egypt 1.50India 1.29Philippines 1.01Moldavia 1.31OTHER 11.34Composition of the Migration
We work withMigrants are persons who leave their countries of origin in the hope of findingemployment or ,generally better living conditions in the countries of their destination.Refugees are persons who are forced to leave their country of origin ,because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons linked to their political action, or their ethnicorigin ,their race, or religious beliefs, or belonging to a particular social group.
What we do•Run a center in Athens•Offering Training•Offering Greek language courses
Last year we served 103 people19 women και 84 menAge 14 to 56 yearsOur beneficiaries
Countries of origin Country peopleEthiopia 4Afghanistan 17Guinea 3Eritrea 1Iraq 1Iran 16Kenya 4Congo 6Mali 1Comoros 3Bangladesh 1Nigeria 3Soudan 28Somalia 7Senegal 1Pakistan 6Ruanda 1
Main problems….• limited regularization procedures(half of the migrant and most of theasylum seekers are unauthorized)• repeated regularization programs and large numbers of unauthorizedimmigrants confirm the failure of policies• lack of designing satisfactory and operational policies for both theregularization of unauthorized immigrants already in the country and legalways of entry for skilled immigrants the country needs to attract.
Conclusion….More than 1 million immigrants have arrived in Greece over the course of twodecades, contributing significantly to the improvement of the demographic andeconomic profile of the country. But since 2008, Greece has plummeted intoeconomic turmoil in what may well be the worst recession in recent memory.Taken together, the countrys recent economic decline, highly porous borders,growing xenophobia, and ineffective legal and institutional framework for theregularization and integration of immigrants have created a fragile environmentfor the management of immigration.