Greek educational system

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Greek educational system

  1. 1. Eleni MaheraTHE STRUCTURE OF THE GREEKEDUCATIONAL SYSTEMAPRIL 20131
  2. 2. Eleni MaheraStructure of the Greek educational system2
  3. 3. Eleni MaheraPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION(ISCED 0)Education in Greece is compulsory for all childrenfrom 5 -15 years of age.In Pre-Primary education it is compulsory for allchildren who turn 5 to attend a kindergarten school.2-5OPTIONAL5-6COMPULSORY3
  4. 4. Eleni MaheraPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION(ISCED 0)School life, however, can start earlier at theage of 2,5 with pre-school education ininstitutions (both private and public) called“Vrefonipiakoi or paidikoi stathmoi”(nursery schools)which operate along with kindergartensSome nursery schools have sections for babies, from the age of8 months.4
  5. 5. Eleni Mahera68,2% of the children aged 4-6 attend nursery schools in Greecewhile the average in Europe is 92,3% (acc. to a 2008 survey)5PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION(ISCED 0)
  6. 6. Eleni MaheraPRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION(ISCED 0)There are 3 types of kindergarten schools half day schools (08:30 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.) all-day schools (07.45 a.m. to 16.00 p.m.) special schools for children with SN6
  7. 7. Eleni MaheraPRIMARY EDUCATIONISCED 1Primary Education called “Dimotiko” lasts 6years (6 -12 years of age).School day starts at 08:15 and ends at 13:30It is obligatory and it can be public or private.7
  8. 8. Eleni MaheraPRIMARY EDUCATIONISCED 1Alternative structures All-day schools (with an extended timetable and an enrichedcurriculum ) Schools for minorities (in Thrace there are 235 minorityprimary schools, where education is both in Greek and Turkish) Experimental schools (under the supervision ofuniversities, enhancing the implementation of innovative and creativeteaching methods and tools) Schools for special educational needs8
  9. 9. Eleni MaheraPRIMARY EDUCATIONISCED 1The school year is divided into 3 semesters.Students are given descriptive assessmentfrom Grade 1-4 and are assessed on a markscale from 0-10 in Grades 5-6There are no end-of-the-year exams.9
  10. 10. Eleni MaheraPRIMARY EDUCATIONISCED 1Drop-out rate in primary education in Greece (1,76%)10
  11. 11. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 2 It is obligatory and includes 3 levels Public or private There is optional Remedial TeachingProgram especially for pupils facing learningdifficulties.11
  12. 12. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 2CATEGORISATION BASED ON TIMETABLEDAY SCHOOLS(8.15-14.10)EVENING SCHOOLS(19.20-22.55)SECOND CHANCESCHOOLS(16.30-20.30)12
  13. 13. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 2DAY SCHOOLS (08.15-14.10)Comprehensive schoolsIntercultural educationschoolsAthletic SchoolsArt SchoolsMusical SchoolsReligious SchoolsSCHOOLSWITH SPECIALORIENTATIONfor foreign, repatriated,Roma and expatriatepupils13
  14. 14. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 2Alternative structures Schools for minorities (in Thrace there are 2 minoritysecondary schools and 2 Muslim theological seminaries ) Experimental schools Schools for Special educational needs14
  15. 15. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONComprehensive School-Gymnasium Assessment is based on the general involvement ofthe pupil in the learning process, on written testsand, finally, on written examinations at the end of theschool year. Pupils who fail certain subjects must take a repeatexamination in September Pupils leaving Gymnasium are given a leavingcertificate which entitles them to move on to higher-level education15
  16. 16. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONEvening Schools(19:20-22:55)Introduced in 1974 to accommodate theeducation needs of working and adult students.Includes 3 levelsSome subjects of “minor importance” are notincluded in the curriculum (e.g. P.E, Arts)There are 120 evening schools in lowersecondary education with 10,500 studentsattending them (80% are 14-24)16
  17. 17. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSecond Chance Schools public adult education schools addressed topeople older than 18 who have not finishedcompulsory education designed to combat social exclusion ofearly school leavers attendance is for 2 years and leads to a highschool diploma equivalent to the one acquiredin mainstream lower secondary education17
  18. 18. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSecond Chance Schools Several SCSs operate within prisons with acontinuously increasing number ofapplications from inmates The curriculum is flexible and includes Greekand English language training, mathematics,science, sociology, environmental awareness,IT skills and arts. Learners also participate invarious projects and workshops of 3 to 6months duration.18
  19. 19. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSecond Chance Schools apply innovative teaching methods basedon adult learning (interdisciplinary approach,projects, field trips, experiential learning,counseling, emphasis on meta-cognitive skills,descriptive assessment) no exams, no homework funded partly by European Social Funds andthe Greek State 58 institutions all over Greece19
  20. 20. Eleni MaheraLOWER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSecond Chance Schools20
  21. 21. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 3After completing 9 years of compulsoryeducation and receiving the mediumbaccalaureate students choose either tostop or continue their secondary education.In the public sector there are 2 options :21
  22. 22. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONSenior High School (Lyceum)22Senior HighSchoolUnified GeneralLyceumVocationalSecondaryEducation
  23. 23. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONUnified General Lyceum holders of a Gymnasium leaving certificateare admitted to the first class of the UnifiedLyceum without examinations emphasis on general education consists of three classes23
  24. 24. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 1 of the Unified Lyceum includes general knowledge subjects, whichconstitute a common core for all pupilsGreek Language (Ancient Greek, Modern GreekLiterature), Religion, History, Maths, English,Physical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry,Biology), PE, Project There’s an extra subject of their preference:(theatre, IT, second foreign language,psychology)24
  25. 25. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 2 of the Unified Lyceum Grade B students have to choose amongthree "Directions”, Theoretical, Scientificand Technological. 60% of the school time is allotted to generaleducation courses and 40% to coursesspecific to the direction chosen.25
  26. 26. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 3 of the Unified Lyceum Grade C students of the Technologicaldirection have further to choose between two"Cycles", Technical-Production andInformatics. 55% general courses and 45% directionspecific ones.26
  27. 27. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONopportunities for graduates1. seek employment in the public or privatesector2. seek admission to University, by sitting theannual national examinations3. attend public or private Vocational TrainingInstitutes (IEKs) to obtain a TrainingCertificate equivalent to a post-secondaryvocational training qualification.27
  28. 28. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONAlternative structures Evening General Lyceums offering four-yearcourses for young workers General Musical Lyceums General Ecclesiastical Lyceums General Sport Lyceums General Lyceums for multicultural education Special General Lyceums for pupils withspecial education needs.28
  29. 29. Eleni MaheraVocational Lyceum( 1 year )Vocational Lyceum (EPA.L)2 yearsVocational School (EPA.S)2 yearsUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational Secondary Education
  30. 30. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational Lyceum (EPA.L) lasts for 3 years (4 years in evening schools) offers: general educationvocational educationvocational training30
  31. 31. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 1 of the Vocational Lyceum Includes general knowledge subjects, whichconstitute a common core for all pupils(same as in Unified Lyceum) -21 hours Basic-skill subjects (economics, IT,project)- 7 hours They have to choose a subject of one of thethree directions offered(2 hours)I) Technological, II) Services, III) Naval31
  32. 32. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 2 of the Vocational Lyceum includes general knowledge subjects, whichconstitute a common core for all pupils-17 hours Specialization subjects of the direction theyhave chosen in the first grade-18 hours(Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, Electrician,Applied Arts, Textile and Clothing, Construction,Economics, Agricultural Production, Aestheticsand Hairdressing)32
  33. 33. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONClass 3 of the Vocational Lyceum includes general knowledge subjects-10hours Specialization subjects of the direction theyhave chosen in the first grade-23 hours One subject of their own preference-2 hours(history, economics, statistics, naturalresources, biology)33
  34. 34. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational Lyceum After successfully completing their studiesand passing the end-of-year school examsthe candidates obtain a degree equivalent tothe one given to Unified Lyceum Graduates They may take the national examinationsto enter university34
  35. 35. Eleni MaheraVocational Lyceum( 1 year )Vocational Lyceum (EPA.L)2 yearsVocational School (EPA.S)2 yearsUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational Secondary Education
  36. 36. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational School aims to educate students by means of theApprenticeship System (a Europeaneducational system that combines in-classeducation with “on-the-job training” aims to help the trainee acquire workexperience in actual work conditions, so thathe/she can be appropriately prepared forhis/her entry into the labour market36
  37. 37. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONVocational School It lasts 2 years On completion of their studies, EPASgraduates have obtained: an EPASspecialization diploma, corresponding toLevel III (3) plus work experience whichenables them to enter the labour market They cannot enter university37
  38. 38. Eleni MaheraUPPER SECONDARY EDUCATIONAssessmentIn the 3d class of the Unified Lyceum orVocational Lyceum students take nationalexaminations, which comprise 6 compulsorysubjects depending on the type of Universityor Technological Institution they want to attend.38
  39. 39. Eleni MaheraPOST-SECONDARY EDUCATIONISCED 4 Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) provide formalbut unclassified level of education (since theyaccept both high school and lyceum graduates) aim to provide vocational training and to ensurethat the students obtain the necessary qualificationsby imparting scientific, technical, vocational andpractical knowledge with a view to facilitating theiroccupational integration39
  40. 40. Eleni MaheraPOST-SECONDARY EDUCATIONCertificates awarded40Trainees who successfully complete their training atpublic and private IEKs are awarded a VocationalTraining Certificate which entitles them to takepart in the qualifying examinations leading to theaward of a Vocational Training Diploma, at thelevel of post secondary (3+) vocationaltraining.
  41. 41. Eleni MaheraHigher EducationalInstitutes(entrance examinations)Technical EducationalInstitutes(entrance examination)Lyceum (Senior High School) and(EPA.L) Vocational Senior High School3 yearsColleges (private)Open University(distance learning)TERTIARY EDUCATIONISCED 5
  42. 42. Eleni Mahera Public higher education is divided into HigherEducational Institutions and TechnologicalEducational Institutions. Students are admitted in these institutionsdepending on their performance in nationalexaminations taken in the third grade of lyceum These educational institutions are funded and underthe control of the stateTERTIARY EDUCATIONPublic higher education42
  43. 43. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONHigher Education Institutes (AEI) Higher Education Institutes includeUniversitiesPolytechnicsHigher Fine Arts Institutes There are 23 universities in Greece locatedin various towns; they consist of Faculties,which in turn are subdivided intoDepartments43
  44. 44. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONHigher Education Institutes (AEI) The courses last for approximately 4 years,with the exception of certain faculties(medical) where the course lasts even 5 or 6years The academic year consists of twosemesters, with 13 weeks of lessons andthree weeks of examinations.44
  45. 45. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONHigher Education Institutes (AEI) Students complete their course of study after4 years if they pass the examination of boththe compulsory and the optional subjects At the end of the studies they obtain aDegree in relation to the Faculty concerned45
  46. 46. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONTechnological Education Institutes The technology sector includesTechnological Education Institutes (TEI) andHigher School for Teachers ofTechnological Education (ΑΣΠΑΙΤΕ) There currently are 15 TEIs and a School forthe Technology and Pedagogy Education, inthe whole country46
  47. 47. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONTechn. Education Institutes (TEI) studies last for 4 years with a total of eightsemesters a final semester devoted to the preparationof the thesis practice their profession through a trainingperiod that will then be evaluated after the completion of studies, students willreceive a degree47
  48. 48. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONHellenic Open University Hellenic Open University was founded in 1992and is located in Patra its students are admitted from the age of 22after a draw provides an opportunity for open and distancelearning HOUs basic mission is to provide greatereducational opportunities to a wide spectrum ofinterested parties and age groups48
  49. 49. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONHellenic Open University Curriculum based on distance-learningmethod awards a degree equivalent to that of the"traditional" Universities. offers under-graduate and post-graduatecourses and continuing educationprogrammes, which lead to certificate ofattendance49
  50. 50. Eleni MaheraTERTIARY EDUCATIONPrivate higher education colleges collaborating with foreignuniversities can offer undergraduate andpostgraduate programmes of study in Greece,under the proper registration with the GreekMinistry of Education50
  51. 51. Eleni MaheraPOST-GRADUATE STUDIES(Master) In Greece post-graduate studies lead to theaward of a Post-graduate Diploma ofSpecialisation. Greek Universities offer a total of 213 post-graduate courses Courses last at least one calendar year51
  52. 52. Eleni MaheraDOCTORAL STUDIES (PhD) lead to the award of a Doctorate. last a minimum of 3 years At the end of the study period there is a writtenthesis that is discussed publicly in front of acommittee of seven academic professors52
  53. 53. Eleni MaheraThank you 53

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