The ceremony should be carried out in an appropriate space. A table large enough to hold the tea-making utensils, the drip tray, and the water is the minimum necessary. Ideally the surroundings should be peaceful and conducive to relaxation and socialization. Incense, flowers, and low, soft, traditional music will all add to the ambience, as will songbirds.
At this point the cups and pot are laid on the table. They are then warmed and sterilized with hot water, the excess is then poured away. when pouring from the cups in the Taiwanese style, the wooden tweezers may be used instead of bare hands.
The teapot is filled with tea. For a 150 ml tea pot at least 15 grams of tea leaves are used, however depending on the size of the pot and the strength of the tea the pot may be filled between 1/2 and 2/3 full.
The ceremony ends with the used tea leaves being put into a clean bowl for the guests to appreciate the tea in its used form. Good etiquette dictates that the guests should make appropriate compliments regarding the choice of tea.
Harmony “ 和” is the core value of Chinese tea culture.
1. Harmony is the common thought in Confucianism(“ 大和” , “ 中庸之道”）， Taoism （天人合一） and Buddhism （禅茶一味） .
2. In Tea Scripture, it is illustrated by the design of the wind stove, an instrument used to make tea. The wind stove is made of iron( 金 ), put on the floor( 土 ), to boil( 火 ) the tea water( 水 ) with charcoal( 木 ).
Thus, the process of making tea is actually the harmony or balance among the five elements of metal, wood, water, fire and earth.
Tranquility “ 静” is the road one must follow to cultivate oneself.
Tranquility not only refers to the peaceful environment but also the calm mind. When the savor of the tea is unconsciously absorbed into every corner of your body, you may feel kind of empty, or relaxed, your spirit may be purified. In this way, you reflect upon yourself and achieve the harmony with nature.
Happiness “ 怡” is the enjoyment both in body and mind.
Tea-savoring is the happiness that can be enjoyed by everyone, rich or poor, educated or illiterate. Different kinds of people may pursue it in different ways, so it proves the idea of Taoism that to enjoy yourself for your needs. “ 自恣以适己”